[eng] 10,000 in Sri Lanka (Crystal 2003). L2 users: 1,900,000 in Sri Lanka. Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language, used in government. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English
[idb] Eastern Province, Trincomalee and Batticaloa districts; Central Province, Kandy district; Southern Province, Galle district; Western Province, Colombo district. 30 in Sri Lanka (1992 P. Baker). 0 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 3,410. Status: 6b (Threatened). Classification: Creole, Portuguese based
[sin] Widespread except some districts north, east, and center. 15,500,000 in Sri Lanka (2007). Population total all countries: 15,613,980. L2 users: 2,000,000 in Sri Lanka (1997). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1987, Constitution (amended), Article 18). Alternate Names: Cingalese, Singhala, Singhalese, Sinhalese Dialects: Rodiya. Great differences exist between literary and colloquial language. Rodiya dialect is spoken by low caste Rodiya people. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Sinhalese-Maldivian Comments: Buddhist.
Sri Lankan Creole Malay
[sci] Central, Western, Uva, and Southern provinces, especially Colombo, Kandy, Badulla, Hambantota, and Kirinda urban areas. 46,000 (Ansaldo and Lim 2006), decreasing. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Java Jati, Melayu Bahasa, Sri Lankan Malay Dialects: None known. Not intelligible of Standard Malay [zsm] due to phonological and syntactic differences, and strong influence from Tamil [tam]. May be similar to Malaccan Creole Malay [ccm] (Lim 1981). Classification: Creole, Malay based Comments: Malay vocabulary with grammatical structure based on Sri Lankan Moor Tamil. Muslim, traditional religion.
Sri Lankan Sign Language
[sqs] Scattered. 12,800 deaf persons (Van Cleve 1986). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Classification: Deaf sign language
[tam] North and northeast coasts, a few pockets in the south. 3,770,000 in Sri Lanka (2007). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1987, Constitution (amended), Articles 22(1), 24(1)), concentrated in North and East provinces; also in local administration and courts elsewhere. Classification: Dravidian, Southern, Tamil-Kannada, Tamil-Kodagu, Tamil-Malayalam, Tamil Comments: Hindu, Muslim.
[ved] Eastern mountains, Uva and Central provinces, Badulla and Polonnaruwa districts; second area, Uva Province, Moneragala district. Ethnic population: 2,500 (2002). Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Alternate Names: Beda, Bedda, Vaedda, Veda, Veddha, Weda, Weddo Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Sinhalese-Maldivian Comments: They live in small rural settlements and are more of a caste than a separate ethnic group. Generally accepted as equal in rank to the Sinhalese Goyigama caste.