Lithuania

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Belarusan
[bel] Vilniaus County, primarily in Vilnius city; possibly scattered in Panevezio, Utenos, and Alytaus counties. 7,110 in Lithuania (2014 UNSD). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Karaim
[kdr] Vilniaus County, Trakai district municipality; scattered in a few other places. 75 in Lithuania (2014 UNSD). Ethnic population: 270. Total users in all countries: 81. Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Alternate Names: Turkic Karaite. Dialects: Trakay (Trakai). Reportedly similar to Karachay [krc] and Kumyk [kum]. Classification: Turkic, Western, Ponto-Caspian. Comments: No remaining speakers in Israel. Jewish.

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Lithuanian
[lit] Widespread. 2,800,000 in Lithuania (European Commission 2012). Total users in all countries: 3,020,380. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1992, Constitution, Article 14). Alternate Names: Lietuviškai, Lietuviu, Litauische, Litewski, Litovskiy. Dialects: Aukshtaičių (Aukshtaičiai, Aukstaitiškai, Highland Lithuanian), Dzukų (Dzukiškai), Suvalkiečių (Suvalkietiškai). Aukstaičiai easily understand Suvalkiečių, Dzukų with some difficulty, and vice versa. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Baltic, Eastern. Comments: Christian, Muslim.

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Lithuanian Sign Language
[lls] Scattered. 8,000 (2014 EUD). 14,500 (2014 IMB). Status: 5 (Developing). Recognized language (2011, Law on Education, No. XI-1281, Article 30(6), as amended). Alternate Names: LGK, Lietuvių gestų kalba, LtSL. Dialects: None known. Many variants, with attempts at standardization (Kupcinskas 1999). Affected by Russian Sign Language [rsl] from 1945 until 1990. Classification: Sign language. Comments: Fingerspelling system similar to French Sign Language [fsl]. Video remote interpreting service launched 2012. 100 sign language interpreters (2014 EUD). Christian.

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Polish
[pol] 161,000 in Lithuania (2014 UNSD). L2 users: 454,000 in Lithuania (European Commission 2006). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, West, Lechitic. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Romani, Baltic
[rml] 1,350 in Lithuania (2014 UNSD). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Balt Romani, Balt Slavic Romani, Baltic Slavic Romani. Dialects: Lithuanian Romani. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Intermediate Divisions, Western, Romani, Northern. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Russian
[rus] 218,000 in Lithuania (2014 UNSD). L2 users: 2,430,000 in Lithuania (European Commission 2012). Status: 3 (Wider communication). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East. Comments: Non-indigenous. Christian.

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Samogitian
[sgs] Northwestern Lithuania, primarily in Taurages, Telsiu and Klaipedos counties. 500,000 (2009 A. Udovice). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Lowland Lithuanian, Žemaičiai, Žemaičių, Žemaitis, Žemaitiškai, Žemaitiu, Zhemaitish. Dialects: None known. Closely related to Lithuanian [lit]. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Baltic, Eastern.

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Ukrainian
[ukr] 5,340 in Lithuania (2014 UNSD). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Yiddish, Eastern
[ydd] Status: 4 (Educational). Dialects: Northeastern Yiddish (Lithuanian Yiddish, Litvish). Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, Yiddish. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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