[kdr] Trakai and a few other places. 50 in Lithuania (Salminen 2007). Population total all countries: 56. Ethnic population: 270. Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Alternate Names: Turkic Karaite Dialects: Trakay (Trakai). Reportedly similar to Karachay [krc] and Kumyk [kum]. Classification: Turkic, Western, Ponto-Caspian Comments: No remaining speakers in Israel. Jewish (Karaite).
[lit] Widespread. 2,800,000 in Lithuania (European Commission 2012). Population total all countries: 3,001,430. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1992, Constitution, Article 14). Alternate Names: Lietuvi, Lietuviskai, Litauische, Litewski, Litovskiy Dialects: Aukshtaiciu (Aukshtaiciai, Aukstaitiškai, Highland Lithuanian), Dzuku (Dzukiškai), Suvalkieciu (Suvalkietiškai), Žemaiciu (Lowland Lithuanian, Samogitian, Žemaiciai, Žemaitis, Žemaitiškai). Aukstaičiai easily understand Suvalkiečių, Dzukų with some difficulty, and vice versa; Žemaičių is difficult for others to understand. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Baltic, Eastern Comments: Christian, Muslim (Tatar).
Lithuanian Sign Language
[lls] Scattered. 8,000 (2014 EUD). 14,500 (2014 IMB). Status: 5 (Developing). Recognized language (1995, No. 630, native language of the deaf). Alternate Names: LGK, Lietuviu gestu kalba, LtSL Dialects: None known. Many variants, with attempts at standardization (Kupčinskas 1999). Affected by Russian Sign Language [rsl] from 1945 until 1990. Classification: Deaf sign language Comments: Fingerspelling system similar to French Sign Language [fsl]. Video remote interpreting service launched 2012. 100 sign language interpreters (2014 EUD). Christian (Roman Catholic).