Latvia

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Latgalian
[ltg] Eastern Latvia, Latgale (Latgalia, Latgola). 200,000 in Latvia (2009 J. Eisaks). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Latgaliešu Dialects: None known. Reportedly similar to Latvian [lav] and Lithuanian [lit]. A member of macrolanguage Latvian [lav]. Classification: Indo-European, Baltic, Eastern

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Latvian
[lav] Population total all languages: 1,752,260. Comments: Includes: Latgalian [ltg], Standard Latvian [lvs].

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Latvian Sign Language
[lsl] Status: 6a (Vigorous). Classification: Deaf sign language

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Latvian, Standard
[lvs] 1,470,000 in Latvia (ELDIA 2012). Population total all countries: 1,552,260. L2 users: 497,000 in Latvia (ELDIA 2012). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1998, Constitution, Article 4). Alternate Names: “Lettisch” (pej.), “Lettish” (pej.) Dialects: Tamian is a subdialect of the Central Latvian dialect. A member of macrolanguage Latvian [lav]. Classification: Indo-European, Baltic, Eastern Comments: Christian.

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Liv
[liv] Kurzeme, west of Kolkasrags, 12 coastal villages; Riga area dispersed. 1 (2007 T. Salminen). Ethnic population: 200. Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Alternate Names: Livõ kel, Livonian Dialects: Eastern Livonian (Vidzeme), Western Livonian (Kurzeme, Raandalist). Classification: Uralic, Finnic Comments: Christian.

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Romani, Baltic
[rml] 8,000 in Latvia (1995 V. Zeps). Status: 5 (Developing). Dialects: Estonian Romani, Latvian Romani (Lettish Romani), North Russian Romani, Polish Romani, White Russian Romani. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Romani, Northern Comments: Ethnic groups: Lotfítka Romá (western Latvia). Christian.

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Russian
[rus] 862,000 in Latvia. L2 users: 1,390,000 in Latvia (ELDIA 2012). Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, East Comments: Christian, Jewish.

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Yiddish, Eastern
[ydd] 800 in Latvia. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Judeo-German Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, Yiddish Comments: Jewish.

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