Latvia

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Latgalian
[ltg] Eastern, formerly Latgalia region, Balvu, Kraslavas, Ludzas, Preilu, and Rezeknes municipalities; Daugavpils and Jekabpils municipalities north of the Daugava river; generally east of the Balvi–Pechory (Russia) highway. 200,000 in Latvia (2009 J. Eisaks). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Latgaliešu, Latgališu. Dialects: None known. Reportedly similar to Latvian [lav] and Lithuanian [lit]. A member of macrolanguage Latvian [lav]. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Baltic, Eastern.

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Latvian
[lav] A macrolanguage. Status: 0 Comments: Includes: Latgalian [ltg], Standard Latvian [lvs].

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Latvian Sign Language
[lsl] Scattered. 2,000 (2014 EUD). 9,900 (2014 IMB). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Latviešu Zīmju Valoda, LZV. Classification: Sign language. Comments: Fingerspelling system similar to French Sign Language [fsl]. 37 sign language interpreters (2014 EUD). Christian.

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Latvian, Standard
[lvs] 1,470,000 in Latvia (European Commission 2012). L2 users: 497,000 in Latvia (European Commission 2012). Total users in all countries: 2,068,060 (as L1: 1,571,060; as L2: 497,000). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1998, Constitution, Article 4). Alternate Names: “Lettisch” (pej.), “Lettish” (pej.). Dialects: Tamian is a subdialect of the Central Latvian dialect. A member of macrolanguage Latvian [lav]. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Baltic, Eastern. Comments: Christian.

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Liv
[liv] Northwest, narrow strip along Baltic coast, Dundaga and Ventspils municipalities, 12 coastal villages; Riga city. No known L1 speakers. Last speaker died in 2013. Ethnic population: 200. Status: 9 (Dormant). Alternate Names: Livõ kel, Livonian. Dialects: Western Livonian (Kurzeme, Raandalist), Eastern Livonian (Vidzeme). Classification: Uralic, Finnic.

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Romani, Baltic
[rml] 8,000 in Latvia (1995 V. Zeps). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Latvian Romani, Lettish Romani, Lotfítka Romá, Lotvitko Romani cib. Dialects: Latvian Romani (Lettish Romani), North Russian Romani, White Russian Romani, Estonian Romani, Polish Romani. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Intermediate Divisions, Western, Romani, Northern. Comments: Non-indigenous. Ethnic groups: Lotfítka Romá (western Latvia). Christian.

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Russian
[rus] 699,000 in Latvia (2013 UNSD). L2 users: 1,390,000 in Latvia (European Commission 2012). Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East. Comments: Non-indigenous. Christian, Jewish.

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Yiddish, Eastern
[ydd] 800 in Latvia. Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Judeo-German. Dialects: Northeastern Yiddish. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, Yiddish. Comments: Non-indigenous. Jewish.

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