[ltg] Balvi, Kraslava, Ludza, Preili, and Rezekne municipalities. Daugavpils and Jekabpils municipalities north of the Daugava river. Formerly Latgalia region. 200,000 in Latvia (2009 J. Eisaks). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Latgaliešu Dialects: None known. Reportedly similar to Latvian [lav] and Lithuanian [lit]. A member of macrolanguage Latvian [lav]. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Baltic, Eastern
[lav] A macrolanguage. Population total all languages: 1,752,260. Comments: Includes: Latgalian [ltg], Standard Latvian [lvs].
Latvian Sign Language
[lsl] Scattered. 2,000 (2014 EUD). 9,900 (2014 IMB). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Latviešu Zimju Valoda, LZV Classification: Deaf sign language Comments: Fingerspelling system similar to French Sign Language [fsl]. 37 sign language interpreters (2014 EUD). Christian.
[lvs] 1,470,000 in Latvia (European Commission 2012). Population total all countries: 1,552,260. L2 users: 497,000 in Latvia (European Commission 2012). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1998, Constitution, Article 4). Alternate Names: “Lettisch” (pej.), “Lettish” (pej.) Dialects: Tamian is a subdialect of the Central Latvian dialect. A member of macrolanguage Latvian [lav]. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Baltic, Eastern Comments: Christian.
[liv] Riga city: Kurzeme district, west of Kolkasrags, 12 coastal villages; otherwise scattered. 1 (2007 T. Salminen). Ethnic population: 200. Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Alternate Names: Livõ kel, Livonian Dialects: Eastern Livonian (Vidzeme), Western Livonian (Kurzeme, Raandalist). Classification: Uralic, Finnic Comments: Christian.
[rml] 8,000 in Latvia (1995 V. Zeps). Status: 5 (Developing). Dialects: Estonian Romani, Latvian Romani (Lettish Romani), North Russian Romani, Polish Romani, White Russian Romani. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Romani, Northern Comments: Ethnic groups: Lotfítka Romá (western Latvia). Christian.
[rus] 862,000 in Latvia. L2 users: 1,390,000 in Latvia (European Commission 2012). Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East Comments: Christian, Jewish.