Arabic, Libyan Spoken
[ayl] Especially north half. Also in Egypt (Western Egyptian Bedawi Spoken Arabic), Niger. 4,000,000 in Libya (2006), increasing. Population total all countries: 4,320,500. Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Alternate Names: Libyan Vernacular Arabic, Sulaimitian Arabic, Western Egyptian Bedawi Spoken Arabic Dialects: Eastern Libyan Arabic, Southern Libyan Arabic, Tripolitanian Arabic. In the west it is similar to Bedouin Arabic of southern Tunisia [aeb]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic Comments: Muslim (Sunni).
Libyan Sign Language
[jbn] West, Jabal Nafusah area, Tripolitania, Nalut and Yafran areas isolated; Zuara Coast, west of Tripoli. Also in Tunisia (Shilha). 184,000 in Libya (2006). Preschool children are monolingual in Nafusi. Population total all countries: 210,000. Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Djerbi, Jabal Nafusi, Jbel Nafusi, Jebel Nefusi, Nefusi Dialects: Jerbi (Jerba), Tamezret (Duwinna), Zuara (Zouara, Zuraa, Zuwarah, Zwara). Zuara dialect well known in Jebel Nafusa area and in Jerba Tunisia. Some visit Zuara, but not vice versa. Matmata and Tatawine area less well understood by speakers in Jerba or Zuara. Speakers in Zuara and Jebel areas understand Jerba dialect stories well. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern, Zenati, East Comments: Most live apart from Arabized inhabitants of the region. Muslim (Ibadi).
[thv] Hoggar dialect is in south Hoggar (Ajjer) Mountain area, Tamanrasset area; south into Niger; Ghat dialect is southeast, Ganet and west Libya oases, Ghat area. 17,000 in Libya (2006). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Tamachek, Tamashekin, Tomachek, Tourage, Toureg, Tuareg Dialects: Ghat (Djanet, Ganet), Hoggar (Ahaggaren, Ajjer, Tahaggart). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Tamasheq, Northern Comments: Ethnonym: Tuareg (pl.), Targi (sg.). Muslim.