Moldova

Print
Bulgarian
[bul] 54,400 in Moldova (2009 UNSD). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Recognized language (2001, National Minority Law, Article 6(1)). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, South, Eastern. Comments: Non-indigenous. Christian.

More Information

Gagauz
[gag] Several enclaves, north, Chisinau and Criuleni, districts; central, mainly Gagauzia District; also, Leova, Cantemir, and Cimisilia districts; south, Cahul, Ceadîr-Lunga, Basarabeasca, Taraclia and Vulcânsti areas and towns. 138,000 in Moldova (2009 UNSD). Total users in all countries: 591,920. Status: 5 (Developing). Statutory language of provincial identity in in Gagauzia (1994, Constitution, Articles 3(1), 3(2)). Alternate Names: Gagauzi. Dialects: Bulgar Gagauzi, Maritime Gagauzi. Reportedly similar to Turkish [tur], but uses Russian Orthodox Christian religious vocabulary in contrast to Islamic vocabulary of Turkish. Classification: Turkic, Southern, Turkish. Comments: Christian.

More Information

Moldova Sign Language
[vsi] Scattered. 17,500 total signing deaf in Moldova in all sign languages (2014 IMB). Status: 5 (Developing). Recognized language (2012, Article 25(1), Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities, No. 60). Dialects: None known. Very similar to sign languages in Ukraine and Russia. (Bickford 2005). Classification: Sign language. Comments: Sign language recognized as the official language of Deaf people, as the first language in deaf education, and as the main means of communication between Deaf people and others. Government measures to encourage media to make their information services available to Deaf. Christian.

More Information

Romani, Balkan
[rmn] Scattered throughout Moldova. 12,000 in Moldova (Johnstone 1993). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Gypsy. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Intermediate Divisions, Western, Romani, Balkan. Comments: Non-indigenous. Ethnic groups: Ursári (Moldova), Karamítika (Ukraine), Romá (Crimean Peninsula). Muslim.

More Information

Romanian
[ron] Widespead. 2,590,000 in Moldova (2009 UNSD). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (2013, Constitutional Court, Jts. 8b and 41b). Alternate Names: Moldovan, Roumanian, Rumanian. Dialects: Muntenian (Muntean, Walachian), Banat, Bayash, Chrishana, Maramuresh, Oltenia-Lesser Wallachia (Oltean). Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern. Comments: Christian.

More Information

Romanian Sign Language
[rms] Briceni, Edinet, Riscani, Glodeni, Falesti, Ungheni, Nisporeni, Hincesti, Leova, Cantemir, and Cahul districts, scattered in areas above bordering Romania. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Classification: Sign language. Comments: Non-indigenous.

More Information

Russian
[rus] 381,000 in Moldova (2009 UNSD). Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East. Comments: Non-indigenous.

More Information

Russian Sign Language
[rsl] Floresti, Soldanesti, Rezina, Orhei, Dubasari, Criuleni, Chisinau, Arenii Noi, Causeni, and Stefan-Voda districts, scattered in areas bordering Transnistria. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Classification: Sign language. Comments: Non-indigenous.

More Information

Ukrainian
[ukr] 186,000 in Moldova (2009 UNSD). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Recognized language (2001, National Minority Law, Article 6(1)). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East. Comments: Non-indigenous.

More Information

Yiddish, Eastern
[ydd] Status: 5 (Dispersed). Recognized language (2001, National Minority Law, Article 6(1)). Dialects: Southeastern Yiddish (Bessarabian-Romanian). Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, Yiddish. Comments: Non-indigenous.

More Information

Free Views Left: