Democratic Republic of Madagascar, Repoblikan’i Madagasikara, République de Madagascar
French, Plateau Malagasy
62% (2009 UNESCO)
Arabic (20,000), Chinese (16,000), Morisyen (4,000)
Bouwer 2010; Vérin, Kottak, and Gorlin 1969
The number of individual languages listed for Madagascar is 18. All are living languages. Of these, 3 are institutional, 2 are developing, 12 are vigorous, and 1 is in trouble.