Official Name
Democratic Republic of Madagascar, Repoblikan’i Madagasikara, République de Madagascar

22,925,000 (2013 World Bank)

Principal Languages
French, Plateau Malagasy
Literacy Rate
62% (2009 UNESCO)
Immigrant Languages
Arabic (20,000), Chinese (16,000), Maore Comorian (3,000), Morisyen (4,000), Mwali Comorian (1,000), Ndzwani Comorian (8,000), Ngazidja Comorian (8,000), Réunion Creole French
General References
Bouwer 2010; Vérin, Kottak, and Gorlin 1969
Language Counts
The number of individual languages listed for Madagascar is 14. All are living languages. Of these, 3 are institutional, 1 is developing, 9 are vigorous, and 1 is in trouble.
See full country report.