Nepal

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Official Name
State of Nepal
Population
26,621,000
General Remarks
Nepali is used for official purposes. All languages spoken as the mother tongue in Nepal are considered national languages
National Languages
Nepali
Literacy Rate
48% (2010 UNESCO)
Immigrant Languages
Dzongkha (300), English
Deaf Population
192,000
Deaf Institutions
3
General References
Bista 1967, 1973, 1996; Burling 2003; Ebert 1994; Hale 1982; Hansson 1991; Hugoniot 1970; Matisoff, Baron, and Lowe 1996; Thurgood and LaPolla 2003; Toba 1976, 1983, 1991; Toba, Toba and Rai 2002, 2005; Van Driem 2001, 2007
Language Counts
The number of individual languages listed for Nepal is 123. Of these, 121 are living and 2 are extinct. Of the living languages, 11 are institutional, 20 are developing, 26 are vigorous, 56 are in trouble, and 8 are dying.