Oman

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Arabic, Baharna Spoken
[abv] Az Zahirah and Al Batinah governorates. 10,000 in Oman (1995). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic

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Arabic, Dhofari Spoken
[adf] Zufar governorate, Salala and nearby coastal regions. 70,000 (1996). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Dhofari, Zofari Dialects: None known. Related to Hadrami Spoken Arabic [ayh], Gulf Spoken Arabic [afb], and Omani Spoken Arabic [acx]. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic Comments: Different from Omani Spoken Arabic [acx].

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Arabic, Gulf Spoken
[afb] Widespread. 441,000 in Oman (1995). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Bedawi, Gulf Arabic, Khaliji, Omani Bedawi Arabic Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic Comments: Muslim.

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Arabic, Omani Spoken
[acx] Widespread, mainly in Hajar mountain highlands and a few coastal regions. 720,000 in Oman (1996). Population total all countries: 1,090,900. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Omani Hadari Arabic Dialects: A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic

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Arabic, Shihhi Spoken
[ssh] Musandam governorate. 22,000 in Oman (2000). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic

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Arabic, Standard
[arb] Widespread. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1996, Basic Law, Article 3). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic

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Balochi, Southern
[bcc] Masqat governorate; otherwise generally dispersed on Gulf of Oman coast. 130,000 in Oman (1993). Ethnic population: 312,000 (1993). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Baloci, Baluchi, Baluci Dialects: Barahuwi, Bashgaadi, Huuti, Makrani (Lotuni, Zadgaali). Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Northwestern, Balochi Comments: From Pakistan. The majority are not Omani citizens. Muslim (Sunni).

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Bathari
[bhm] Zufar governorate, coastal towns, from Al Jazeer to Shweymia. 200 in Oman (2011). Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Alternate Names: Batahari, Bathara Dialects: Reportedly very similar to Mehri [gdq], some considering it a dialect of Mehri. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, South Arabian Comments: Muslim.

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Harsusi
[hss] South central Oman, Al Wusta and Zufar governorates, Jiddat al-Harasis. 600 (2011). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Harsi ’Aforit, Hersyet, South Arabian Dialects: None known. Reportedly similar to Mehri [gdq], but usually considered a separate language. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, South Arabian Comments: Spoken by the Harasis and ‘Ifar (’Afar).

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Hobyót
[hoh] Zufar governorate, near Yemen border. 100 in Oman (1998 H. Mutzafi). Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Hewbyót, Hobi, Kalam Rifi Dialects: None known. Related to and possibly a mixed language with Mehri [gdq] and Shehri [shv]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, South Arabian Comments: Define themselves as Mahra tribe members. Muslim.

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Kumzari
[zum] North Oman, Musandam peninsula. 1,700 in Oman (1993 census). Population total all countries: 2,300. Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Kumzai Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Southwestern, Luri Comments: Distinct from Khunsari [kfm] of Iran. Muslim.

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Luwati
[luv] Mostly in Masqat and coastal towns of Saham, Barka, Khabura, and Musana. 30,000 (Salman 2012). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Khojki, Lawatiyya Dialects: None known. Related to Kachchi [kfr]. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Northwestern zone, Sindhi Comments: Ethnonym: Lawatiya, Khoja or Hyderabadi. Ancestors reportedly migrated from Iran to Hyderabad, then to Mutrah. Muslim (Shi’a).

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Mehri
[gdq] South near Yemen border, Zufar and Al Wusta governorates. 50,800 in Oman (2000). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Mahri Dialects: Nagdi. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, South Arabian Comments: Muslim.

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Persian, Iranian
[pes] Masqat governorate, Muttrah and Ruwi areas near Muscat city; possibly in other coastal cities. 25,000 in Oman (1993). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Persian Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Southwestern, Persian Comments: Muslim (Shi’a).

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Shehri
[shv] Zufar governorate coastal mountains and plains, also in Khuriya Muriya islands in Arabian Sea near Fararah. 25,000 (1993 census). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Ehkili, Geblet, Jibali, Jibbali, Qarawi, Sehri, Shahari, Sheret, South Arabian Dialects: Central Jibbali, Eastern Jibbali, Western Jibbali. Eastern Jibbali includes Kuria Muria (Baby Jibbali). Reportedly increasingly bilingual in Dhofari Arabic [adf]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, South Arabian Comments: Spoken by Qara (Ehkeló, Ahkló), Shahra (Sheró, Shahara), Barahama, Bait Ash-Shaik, and some Batahira. Muslim.

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Swahili
[swh] Masqat and Ash Sharqiyah governorates; especially urban centers Muscat and Sur. 22,000 in Oman. Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, G, Swahili (G.42)

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