Papua New Guinea

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Official Name
Independent State of Papua New Guinea, Independen Stet bilong Papua Niugini
Population
6,732,000
General Remarks
600 islands
Principal Languages
English, Tok Pisin
Literacy Rate
57% (2010 UNESCO)
General References
Anceaux 1961; Carrington 1996; Foley 2005; Franklin 1968; Healey 1964; Hooley 1971; Hooley and McElhanon 1970; McElhanon 1970, 1978; Pawley 2005; Ross 1988, 2005; Sankoff 1968; Shaw 1973, 1986; Wurm 2000, 2007; Wurm and Hattori 1981; Z’Graggen 1971, 1975
Language Counts
The number of individual languages listed for Papua New Guinea is 850. Of these, 838 are living and 12 are extinct. Of the living languages, 43 are institutional, 303 are developing, 348 are vigorous, 108 are in trouble, and 36 are dying.