Russian Federation

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Official Name
Rossijskaja Federacija
Population
142,939,000
National Languages
Russian
Literacy Rate
100% (2010 UNESCO)
Immigrant Languages
Abkhaz (6,790), Armenian (661,000), Assyrian Neo-Aramaic (4,470), Baltic Romani, Belarusian (174,000), Bulgarian (22,900), Crimean Tatar (310), Dungan (500), Eastern Yiddish (7,500), Gagauz (5,920), Georgian (171,000), Greek (42,500), Hungarian (6,890), Karakalpak (870), Kazakh (401,000), Kyrgyz (80,300), Latgalian, Lithuanian (31,300), Lomavren, Mandarin Chinese (70,700), Northern Kurdish (34,700), Northern Uzbek (273,500), Plautdietsch, Polish (67,400), Pontic (358,000), Romanian (117,000), Standard Estonian (15,600), Standard German (2,070,000), Standard Latvian (30,100), Tajiki (142,000), Talysh (3,400), Turkish (146,000), Turkmen (30,800), Udi (2,270), Ukrainian (1,130,000), Uyghur (1,050), Vietnamese (10,100)
Deaf Population
120,500
Deaf Institutions
22
General References
Bright 1992; Comrie 1987; Kibrik 1991; Michalchenko 2003; Salminen 2007; Sebeok 1963
Language Counts
The number of individual languages listed for Russian Federation is 106. Of these, 103 are living and 3 are extinct. Of the living languages, 24 are institutional, 18 are developing, 4 are vigorous, 27 are in trouble, and 30 are dying.