[ara] A macrolanguage. A macrolanguage. Population total all languages: 263,892,450 Status: Comments: Includes: Algerian Saharan Spoken Arabic [aao] (Algeria), Algerian Spoken Arabic [arq] (Algeria), Babalia Creole Arabic [bbz] (Chad), Baharna Spoken Arabic [abv] (Bahrain), Chadian Spoken Arabic [shu] (Chad), Cypriot Spoken Arabic [acy] (Cyprus), Dhofari Spoken Arabic [adf] (Oman), Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Spoken Arabic [avl] (Egypt), Egyptian Spoken Arabic [arz] (Egypt), Gulf Spoken Arabic [afb] (Kuwait), Hadrami Spoken Arabic [ayh] (Yemen), Hijazi Spoken Arabic [acw], Libyan Spoken Arabic [ayl] (Libya), Mesopotamian Spoken Arabic [acm] (Iraq), Moroccan Spoken Arabic [ary] (Morocco), Najdi Spoken Arabic [ars], North Levantine Spoken Arabic [apc] (Syria), North Mesopotamian Spoken Arabic [ayp] (Iraq), Omani Spoken Arabic [acx] (Oman), Sa’idi Spoken Arabic [aec] (Egypt), Sanaani Spoken Arabic [ayn] (Yemen), Shihhi Spoken Arabic [ssh] (United Arab Emirates), South Levantine Spoken Arabic [ajp] (Jordan), Standard Arabic [arb], Sudanese Creole Arabic [pga] (South Sudan), Sudanese Spoken Arabic [apd] (Sudan), Ta’izzi-Adeni Spoken Arabic [acq] (Yemen), Tajiki Spoken Arabic [abh] (Tajikistan), Tunisian Spoken Arabic [aeb] (Tunisia), Uzbeki Spoken Arabic [auz] (Uzbekistan).
Arabic, Gulf Spoken
[afb] North, Ash Sharqiyah Province, from southeast Kuwait border inland, then east to Persian Gulf north of Al Damman; south, Yeman and Oman borders, Ash Sharqiyah and Najran provinces. 200,000 in Saudi Arabia. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: ’Arabi, Gulf Spoken. Dialects: Al-Hasaa. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic.
Arabic, Hijazi Spoken
[acw] Entire Red Sea coast and inland, Tabuk, Al Madinah, Makkah, Al Bahah, ’Asir and Jizan provinces. 6,000,000 in Saudi Arabia (1996). Total users in all countries: 6,031,700. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Hijazi, West Arabian Colloquial Arabic. Dialects: North Hijazi, South Hijazi, Valley Tihaamah, Coastal Tihaamah. North Hijazi has 4 subvarieties, South Hijazi has 16. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic.
Arabic, Najdi Spoken
[ars] Widespread, especially in interior areas, including Al Hudud ash Shamaliyah, Al Jawf, Al Qasim, and Ha’il provinces; Al Madinah Province, Ta’if area and east; in south, western portions of Najran and ’Asir provinces, with a small border area in Jizan Province; all but the southeast of Ar Riyad Province, northern portions of Ash Sharqiyah Province; northeastern Tabuk Province. 8,000,000 in Saudi Arabia. Total users in all countries: 11,645,300. Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Dialects: North Najdi (Bani Khaalid, Dafiir, Shammari), Central Najdi (’Ajmaan, Al-Qasiim, ’Awaazim, Biishah, Haayil, Hofuf, Mutair, Najraan, Rashaayda, Riyadh, Rwala, Sudair, ’Utaiba, Wild ’Ali), South Anjdi (Aal Murrah, Najran). Some dialects spoken by Bedouins. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Muslim.
[arb] Widespread. 206,000,000 L1 speakers of all Arabic varieties (Wiesenfeld 1999). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1992, Basic Law, Article 1). Alternate Names: Al-’Arabiyya, Al-Fusha, Literary Arabic. Dialects: Modern Standard Arabic (Modern Literary Arabic), Classical Arabic (Koranic Arabic, Quranic Arabic). Preserves the ancient grammar. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Modern Standard Arabic is modernized Classical Arabic.