[ara] Population total all countries: 223,010,130. Comments: Member languages are: Algerian Saharan Spoken Arabic [aao] (Algeria), Algerian Spoken Arabic [arq] (Algeria), Babalia Creole Arabic [bbz] (Chad), Baharna Spoken Arabic [abv] (Bahrain), Chadian Spoken Arabic [shu] (Chad), Cypriot Spoken Arabic [acy] (Cyprus), Dhofari Spoken Arabic [adf] (Oman), Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Spoken Arabic [avl] (Egypt), Egyptian Spoken Arabic [arz] (Egypt), Gulf Spoken Arabic [afb] (Iraq), Hadrami Spoken Arabic [ayh] (Yemen), Hijazi Spoken Arabic [acw], Libyan Spoken Arabic [ayl] (Libya), Mesopotamian Spoken Arabic [acm] (Iraq), Moroccan Spoken Arabic [ary] (Morocco), Najdi Spoken Arabic [ars], North Levantine Spoken Arabic [apc] (Syria), North Mesopotamian Spoken Arabic [ayp] (Iraq), Omani Spoken Arabic [acx] (Oman), Sa’idi Spoken Arabic [aec] (Egypt), Sanaani Spoken Arabic [ayn] (Yemen), Shihhi Spoken Arabic [ssh] (United Arab Emirates), South Levantine Spoken Arabic [ajp] (Jordan), Standard Arabic [arb], Sudanese Creole Arabic [pga] (South Sudan), Sudanese Spoken Arabic [apd] (Sudan), Ta’izzi-Adeni Spoken Arabic [acq] (Yemen), Tajiki Spoken Arabic [abh] (Tajikistan), Tunisian Spoken Arabic [aeb] (Tunisia), Uzbeki Spoken Arabic [auz] (Uzbekistan)
Arabic, Gulf Spoken
Arabic, Hijazi Spoken
[acw] Red Sea coast and adjacent highlands. Also in Eritrea. 6,000,000 in Saudi Arabia (1996). Population total all countries: 6,023,900. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Hijazi, West Arabian Colloquial Arabic Dialects: Coastal Tihaamah, North Hijazi, South Hijazi, Valley Tihaamah. North Hijazi has 4 subvarieties, South Hijazi has 16. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic
Arabic, Najdi Spoken
[ars] Also in Canada, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Syria. 8,000,000 in Saudi Arabia. Population total all countries: 9,670,000. Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Dialects: Central Najdi (’Ajmaan, Al-Qasiim, ’Awaazim, Biishah, Haayil, Hofuf, Mutair, Najraan, Rashaayda, Riyadh, Rwala, Sudair, ’Utaiba, Wild ’Ali), North Najdi (Bani Khaalid, Dafiir, Shammari), South Anjdi (Aal Murrah, Najran). Some dialects spoken by Bedouins. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic Comments: Muslim.
[arb] Widespread. Also in Algeria, Bahrain, Chad, Comoros, Denmark, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tanzania, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Western Sahara, Yemen. 206,000,000 L1 speakers of all Arabic varieties (Wiesenfeld 1999). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1992, Basic Law, Article 1). Alternate Names: Al-’Arabiyya, Al-Fusha, Literary Arabic Dialects: Classical Arabic (Koranic Arabic, Quranic Arabic), Modern Standard Arabic (Modern Literary Arabic). Preserves the ancient grammar. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic Comments: Modern Standard Arabic is modernized Classical Arabic.