[ara] A macrolanguage. Population total all languages: 242,391,860. Comments: Includes: Algerian Saharan Spoken Arabic [aao] (Algeria), Algerian Spoken Arabic [arq] (Algeria), Babalia Creole Arabic [bbz] (Chad), Baharna Spoken Arabic [abv] (Bahrain), Chadian Spoken Arabic [shu] (Chad), Cypriot Spoken Arabic [acy] (Cyprus), Dhofari Spoken Arabic [adf] (Oman), Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Spoken Arabic [avl] (Egypt), Egyptian Spoken Arabic [arz] (Egypt), Gulf Spoken Arabic [afb] (Kuwait), Hadrami Spoken Arabic [ayh] (Yemen), Hijazi Spoken Arabic [acw], Libyan Spoken Arabic [ayl] (Libya), Mesopotamian Spoken Arabic [acm] (Iraq), Moroccan Spoken Arabic [ary] (Morocco), Najdi Spoken Arabic [ars], North Levantine Spoken Arabic [apc] (Syria), North Mesopotamian Spoken Arabic [ayp] (Iraq), Omani Spoken Arabic [acx] (Oman), Sa’idi Spoken Arabic [aec] (Egypt), Sanaani Spoken Arabic [ayn] (Yemen), Shihhi Spoken Arabic [ssh] (United Arab Emirates), South Levantine Spoken Arabic [ajp] (Jordan), Standard Arabic [arb], Sudanese Creole Arabic [pga] (South Sudan), Sudanese Spoken Arabic [apd] (Sudan), Ta’izzi-Adeni Spoken Arabic [acq] (Yemen), Tajiki Spoken Arabic [abh] (Tajikistan), Tunisian Spoken Arabic [aeb] (Tunisia), Uzbeki Spoken Arabic [auz] (Uzbekistan).
Arabic, Gulf Spoken
[afb] North and south Eastern Province. 200,000 in Saudi Arabia. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Gulf Spoken Dialects: Al-Hasaa. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic
Arabic, Hijazi Spoken
[acw] Red Sea coast and adjacent highlands. 6,000,000 in Saudi Arabia (1996). Population total all countries: 6,023,900. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Hijazi, West Arabian Colloquial Arabic Dialects: Coastal Tihaamah, North Hijazi, South Hijazi, Valley Tihaamah. North Hijazi has 4 subvarieties, South Hijazi has 16. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic
Arabic, Najdi Spoken
[ars] 8,000,000 in Saudi Arabia. Population total all countries: 9,870,000. Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Dialects: Central Najdi (’Ajmaan, Al-Qasiim, ’Awaazim, Biishah, Haayil, Hofuf, Mutair, Najraan, Rashaayda, Riyadh, Rwala, Sudair, ’Utaiba, Wild ’Ali), North Najdi (Bani Khaalid, Dafiir, Shammari), South Anjdi (Aal Murrah, Najran). Some dialects spoken by Bedouins. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic Comments: Muslim.
[arb] Widespread. 206,000,000 L1 speakers of all Arabic varieties (Wiesenfeld 1999). L2 users: 246,000,000 L2 speakers of all Arabic varieties (Wiesenfeld 1999). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1992, Basic Law, Article 1). Alternate Names: Al-’Arabiyya, Al-Fusha, Literary Arabic Dialects: Classical Arabic (Koranic Arabic, Quranic Arabic), Modern Standard Arabic (Modern Literary Arabic). Preserves the ancient grammar. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic Comments: Modern Standard Arabic is modernized Classical Arabic.