Official Name
Republic of Chad, République du Tchad
Population Full

12,825,000 (2013 World Bank)

Principal Languages
French, Standard Arabic
Literacy Rate
24% (2011 UNESCO)
Immigrant Languages
American Sign Language
Deaf Population
General References
Barreteau and Newman 1978; Bender 2000; Bendor-Samuel and Hartell 1989; Boyeldieu 1977; Caprile 1977; Doornbos and Bender 1983; Jungraithmayr 1981; LeRouvreur 1989
Language Counts
The number of individual languages listed for Chad is 134. Of these, 131 are living and 3 are extinct. Of the living languages, 11 are institutional, 33 are developing, 58 are vigorous, 19 are in trouble, and 10 are dying.
See full country report.