Arabic, Tunisian Spoken
[aeb] 9,000,000 in Tunisia (1995). Population total all countries: 9,406,900. Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Alternate Names: Tunisian, Tunisian Arabic, Tunisian Darija Dialects: North-Western Tunisian, Sahil, Sfax, South-Eastern Tunisian, South-Western Tunisian, Tunis. Reportedly similar to Eastern Algerian Arabic [arq], but clearly distinct. Tunis dialect used in media and language textbooks for foreigners. Southern dialects structurally similar to those in Libya. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic Comments: Muslim.
[pml] Tunisia; Dodecanese islands west bank, Greece; Cyprus; other major Mediterranean ports. No known L1 speakers. Status: 10 (Extinct). Alternate Names: ’Ajnabi, Aljamia, Ferenghi, Petit Mauresque, Sabir Dialects: None known. Lexicon from Italian [ita] and Occitan [oci]. Reportedly a present-day variety on Aegean Islands, used as pidgin in southeast Mediterranean region, has mainly Arabic syntax and vocabulary which is 65%–70% Italian [ita], 10% Spanish [spa], and other Catalan [cat], French [fra], Ladino [lad], and Turkish [tur] words. Classification: Pidgin, Romance based Comments: Documented in Jerba, Tunisia in 1353.
[jbn] South-east Mediterranean, Djerba island, Guellala, Ajim, and Sedouikech; west of Gabès, Matmata, Taoujjout, Tamezret, and Zraoua; south of Gabès, Tataouine, Douiret and Chenini; Tunis City: old Medina, Cité Intileqa and Cité Ibn Khaldoun. 26,000 in Tunisia (1998). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Djerbi, Jabal Nafusi, Nafusi, Tunisian Berber Dialects: Jbali-Tamezret (Duwinna), Jerba (Djerbi, Guelili). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern, Zenati, East Comments: ‘Shilha’ also a cover term for Berber languages in Morocco and Tunisia. Muslim.