Tonga

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English
[eng] 1,020 in Tonga (2009 UNSD). L2 users: 30,000 in Tonga (Crystal 2003a). Status: 1 (National). De facto national working language, considered co-official with Tongan [ton]. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Niuafo’ou
[num] Tongatapu division: ’Eua islands south and Niuafo’ou islands north. 500 (2015 S. Tuilautala). L2 users: 500 (2015 S. Tuilautala). Ethnic population: 1,500 (2011 census). 523 on Niuafo’ou (2010), many elsewhere. Status: 7 (Shifting). Dialects: Probably a dialect of East Uvean [wls] (Wallisian). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, East Uvean-Niuafo’ou. Comments: Christian.

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Tongan
[ton] 96,300 in Tonga (1998). Total users in all countries: 173,130. Status: 1 (National). De facto national language, considered co-official with English [eng]. Alternate Names: Faka Tonga, Tonga. Dialects: Reportedly similar to Niue [niu]. Slight dialect differences north to south. Lexical similarity: 86% with Wallisian [wls], 66% with Samoan [smo]. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Tongic.

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