Turkey

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Official Name
Republic of Turkey, Turkiye Cumhuriyeti
Population
71,517,000
National Languages
Turkish
Literacy Rate
85% (2009 UNESCO)
Immigrant Languages
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic, Avar, Chaldean Neo-Aramaic, Chechen (8,000), Dargwa, Iranian Persian (500,000), Lak (300), Lezgi (1,200), North Levantine Spoken Arabic (500,000), Northern Uzbek, Ossetic
Deaf Population
316,839
Deaf Institutions
12
General References
Andrews 1989; Comrie 1987; Izadi 1992; Sebeok 1963, 1970
Language Counts
The number of individual languages listed for Turkey is 36. Of these, 35 are living and 1 is extinct. Of the living languages, 13 are institutional, 5 are developing, 6 are vigorous, 10 are in trouble, and 1 is dying.