Trinidad and Tobago

Print
American Sign Language
[ase] Scattered. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: ASL, Trinidad and Tobago Sign Language, TTSL. Classification: Sign language. Comments: Non-indigenous.

More Information

English
[eng] 1,300,000 in Trinidad and Tobago (2011 J. Ferreira). Status: 1 (National). De facto national language, standard English in writing, education; non-standard English in informal domains, among distinct ethnic groups. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English. Comments: Non-indigenous.

More Information

Hindustani, Sarnami
[hns] 15,600 in Trinidad and Tobago (1996). Ethnic population: East Indians are 41% of the population. Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Caribbean Hindustani, Trinidad Bhojpuri. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Outer Languages, Eastern, Bihari. Comments: Non-indigenous. Hindu, Christian, Muslim.

More Information

Spanish
[spa] Trinidad: Siparia municipality, southern peninsula, fishing villages. 4,100 in Trinidad and Tobago (2004). L2 users: 61,800 in Trinidad and Tobago (Instituto Cervantes 2012). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Castilian. Comments: Non-indigenous.

More Information

Tobagonian Creole English
[tgh] Widespread. 300,000 (2011 J. Ferreira). Status: 6a (Vigorous). De facto language of provincial identity in Tobago. Alternate Names: Tobagonian Dialect. Dialects: None known. Reportedly most similar to Guyanese Creole English [gyn] and Vincentian Creole English [svc]. Classification: Creole, English based, Atlantic, Eastern, Southern.

More Information

Trinidad and Tobago Sign Language
[lst] Scattered. 2,000 (2008 E. Parks). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Trinidad Sign Language, TSL, TTSL. Dialects: The name Trinidad and Tobago Sign Language is used both for a younger variety, which on structural criteria is a dialect of ASL [ase], and for an older variety [lst] that is more distinct (2016 B. Braithwaite), with some people using a mixture of the two. Many Deaf do not understand standard ASL from the United States; comprehension of Trinidad-style ASL varies, but appears to be due to bilingualism. Classification: Sign language.

More Information

Trinidadian Creole English
[trf] Trinidad. 1,000,000 (2011 J. Ferreira). Status: 6a (Vigorous). De facto language of national identity. Classification: Creole, English based, Atlantic, Eastern, Southern.

More Information

Trinidadian Creole French
[acf] Trinidad: Diego Martin municipality, peninsular coastal settlements north of the capital. 3,800 in Trinidad and Tobago (2004). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Lesser Antillean Creole French, Patois, Patwa. Classification: Creole, French based. Comments: Non-indigenous.

More Information