Ukraine

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Armenian
[hye] 99,900 in Ukraine. Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Armenian

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Bashkort
[bak] 3,670 in Ukraine. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Bashkir Classification: Turkic, Western, Uralian

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Belarusan
[bel] 276,000 in Ukraine (2001 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East

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Bulgarian
[bul] 234,000 in Ukraine. Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, South, Eastern

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Crimean Tatar
[crh] Krym, autonomous republic. 260,000 in Ukraine (2006 A. Goriainov). Population total all countries: 475,540. Status: 5 (Developing). Recognized language (2009, No. 1167-VI, Autonomous Republic Crimea Republic Constitution (amended), Articles 11-13), protected language. Alternate Names: Crimean, Crimean Turkish Classification: Turkic, Southern Comments: Sometimes confused with, but distinct from, Tatar [tat]. Muslim.

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Czech
[ces] 21,000 in Ukraine (1970 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, West, Czech-Slovak

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Gagauz
[gag] Odes’ka oblast’: Izmail’s’kyj district. 25,000 in Ukraine (Salminen 2007). Status: 5 (Developing). Classification: Turkic, Southern, Turkish

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German, Standard
[deu] 33,300 in Ukraine (2001 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, German, Middle German, East Middle German

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Greek
[ell] Donets’ka oblast’: Mariupol town, 18 villages. 5,850 in Ukraine (2001 census). Ethnic population: 91,500. Status: 5 (Dispersed). Dialects: Mariupol Greek (Crimeo-Rumeic, Tavro-Rumeic). Classification: Indo-European, Greek, Attic

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Hungarian
[hun] Zakarpats’ka oblast’. 157,000 in Ukraine (2001 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Magyar Classification: Uralic Comments: Christian.

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Jakati
[jat] Status: Unattested. Alternate Names: Jat, Jataki, Jati, Jatu, Kayani, Musali Dialects: None known. Related to Western Punjabi [pnb]. A member of macrolanguage Lahnda [lah]. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Northwestern zone, Lahnda Comments: Different from Jadgali [jdg] of Pakistan. Nomadic. Muslim.

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Karaim
[kdr] L’vivs’ka oblast’: Luts’k town; Chernivets’ka oblast’: Halych town. 6 in Ukraine (Salminen 2007). Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Alternate Names: Karaite Dialects: Halych (Galits), Karaim, Trakai (Trakay). Classification: Turkic, Western, Ponto-Caspian Comments: No speakers remaining in Israel. Lutzk-Halych dialect Russian-English dictionary being compiled (2006 V. Mireyev). Jewish (Karaite).

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Krimchak
[jct] Krym, autonomous republic. 200 (Salminen 2007). Ethnic population: 1,800 (Salminen 2007). 1,200 ethnic Krimchak in the Crimea, 600 elsewhere (Salminen 2007). Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Alternate Names: Judeo-Crimean Tatar, Judeo-Crimean Turkish Dialects: None known. Reportedly similar to Crimean Tatar [crh]. Classification: Turkic, Western, Ponto-Caspian Comments: Jewish (Karaite).

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Polish
[pol] L’vivs’ka oblast’: 3 small interior enclaves. 144,000 in Ukraine (2001 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, West, Lechitic

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Romani, Balkan
[rmn] Status: 6a (Vigorous). Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Romani, Balkan

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Romani, Baltic
[rml] Status: 5 (Developing). Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Romani, Northern

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Romani, Carpathian
[rmc] Zakarpats’ka oblast’: 2 border strips near Tisa river. 21,200 in Ukraine (2001 census). Ethnic population: 47,600 (2001 census). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Romani, Northern Comments: Ethnic group: Ungrike Romá (Ukraine). Christian.

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Romanian
[ron] Chernivets’ka oblast’ at northern Romania border; Odes’ka oblast south of Moldova, Renijs’kyj district, 2 enclaves near border. 319,000 in Ukraine (2001 census). Ethnic population: 410,000 (2001 census). 151,000 ethnic Moldovians, 257,000 ethnic Romanians. Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Daco-Romanian, Moldavian, Rumanian Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern

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Russian
[rus] Widespread, particularly in east and south. 8,330,000 in Ukraine (2001 census). Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory national working language (2009, No. 1167-VI, Autonomous Republic Crimea Republic Constitution (amended), Articles 10-13). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East

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Rusyn
[rue] Zakarpats’ka oblast’. 560,000 in Ukraine (2000). Population total all countries: 623,500. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Carpathian, Carpatho-Rusyn, Ruthenian Dialects: Rusyn is called a dialect of Ukrainian [ukr], but speakers reportedly consider themselves distinct from Ukrainians. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East Comments: Christian.

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Slovak
[slk] Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, West, Czech-Slovak

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Ukrainian
[ukr] 32,000,000 in Ukraine (2001 census). Population total all countries: 34,868,740. Ethnic population: 37,500,000 (2001 census). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1996, Constitution, Article 10). Dialects: East Ukrainian, Northwest Ukrainian, Southwest Ukrainian. Dialect differences slight. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East Comments: Christian.

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Ukrainian Sign Language
[ukl] Scattered. 223,000 (2014 IMB). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Ukra?ns’ka Žestovyj Âzyk, USL Dialects: None known. Very similar to sign languages in Moldova and Russia. (Bickford 2005). Classification: Deaf sign language Comments: Christian (Orthodox), Christian (Roman Catholic).

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Urum
[uum] Donets’ka oblast’: 10 villages. 95,000 in Ukraine (2000). Status: 7 (Shifting). Classification: Turkic Comments: Ethnic autonym: Greeks.

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Yiddish, Eastern
[ydd] 634,000 in Ukraine (1991). Status: 5 (Developing). Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, Yiddish

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