United States

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Official Name
United States of America
Population
308,746,000
General Remarks
The United States maintains comprehensive political associations at all levels with inhabited insular areas throughout the world, especially in the Pacific and the Caribbean, and also administers uninhabited islands per international and other agreements
National Languages
English
Literacy Rate
99% (2003 World Factbook)
Immigrant Languages
Adamawa Fulfulde (22,500), Adyghe (3,000), Afrikaans (18,900), Alacatlatzala Mixtec, Amharic (146,000), Arabic (3,000,000), Armenian (221,000), Assamese (1,220), Assyrian Neo-Aramaic (80,000), Bahamas Creole English, Bahnar, Basque (1,600), Belarusan (1,360), Belize Kriol English (40,000), Bengali (190,000), Bukharic (50,000), Bulgarian (57,000), Burmese (35,300), Cajonos Zapotec, Carolinian (190), Catalán (1,920), Cebuano (10,000), Central Khmer (182,000), Chaldean Neo-Aramaic (80,000), Chru, Chuukese (5,430), Copala Triqui (5,000), Corsican, Crimean Tatar, Croatian (57,600), Czech (55,400), Danish (29,700), Dutch (132,000), Eastern Cham (890), Eastern Frisian (920), Eastern Mnong, Eastern Panjabi (208,000), Eastern Yiddish (163,000), Efik (5,260), El Nayar Cora, Evenki (330), Faroese (150), Fijian (3,700), Fijian Hindustani, Finnish (25,800), Garifuna (65,000), Gheg Albanian (62,600), Greek (340,000), Gujarati (302,000), Guyanese Creole English, Haitian (453,000), Hakka Chinese (1,090), Halh Mongolian (8,430), Hebrew (217,000), Hiligaynon, Hindi (531,000), Hmong Daw (185,000), Hmong Njua (100,000), Hulaulá, Hungarian (94,100), Icelandic (5,170), Ilocano (76,900), Inakeanon (23,600), Indonesian (60,700), Iranian Persian (359,000), Irish (22,300), Italian (807,000), Iu Mien (17,400), Japanese (457,000), Jarai, Javanese (440), Kabardian (3,500), Kabuverdianu (400,000), Kalmyk-Oirat, Kannada (35,900), Karachay-Balkar (700), Kashmiri (830), Kazakh (1,000), Khmu, Khuen, Kiribati (170), Klao, Koho, Korean (1,048,000), Kosraean (1,060), Krio (6,900), Kyrgyz (130), Ladin, Ladino (130), Lahu Shi (1,200), Lao (148,000), Latgalian, Laven, Laz, Lithuanian (42,300), Lombard, Lower Sorbian (190), Luxembourgeois (710), Maay, Macedonian (22,100), Mal, Malay (12,400), Malayalam (112,000), Maltese, Mandaic, Mandarin Chinese (381,000), Maori (660), Mapudungun (210), Marathi (54,200), Marshallese (10,700), Mezquital Otomi, Min Dong Chinese (2,670), Min Nan Chinese (76,130), Mixtepec Mixtec, Nepali (34,100), North Marquesan (610), Northern Kurdish (12,982), Northern Pashto (15,800), Northern Uzbek, Norwegian (41,200), Nubi (130), Nukuoro (140), Nung, Oriya (4,790), Palauan (4,150), Pampangan (5,430), Papiamentu (800), Parsi (75,000), Peñoles Mixtec, Phu Thai, Piemontese, Pingelapese (500), Plateau Malagasy (940), Pohnpeian (2,350), Polish (632,000), Pontic, Portuguese (678,000), Q’anjob’al, Rade, Rapa Nui, Rarotongan (120), Romanian (147,000), Romany (1,000,000), Russian (846,000), Samoan (57,400), San Juan Guelavía Zapotec (550), Scottish Gaelic (1,450), Senaya (400), Serbian (63,800), Shelta (50,000), Sherpa (500), Silacayoapan Mixtec, Sindhi (6,910), Sinhala (22,300), Slovak (32,200), Slovene (7,030), Soninke (5,000), South Azerbaijani (1,280), Southwestern Caribbean Creole English (19,900), Standard Estonian (5,940), Standard German (1,120,000), Standard Latvian (16,100), Swahili (72,400), Swedish (56,700), Sylheti, Tagalog (1,444,000), Tai Daeng, Tai Dam (3,000), Tajiki (150), Tamil (131,000), Tatar (7,000), Tày, Tektiteko, Telugu (171,000), Thai (140,000), Tibetan (9,760), Tokelauan (290), Tondano, Tongan (26,300), Tosk Albanian (62,600), Traveller Scottish, Turkish (107,000), Turkmen (220), Turoyo (5,000), Ukrainian (143,000), Upper Guinea Crioulo (156,000), Upper Sorbian (190), Upper Ta’oih, Urdu (335,000), Uyghur (3,190), Vietnamese (1,204,000), Vlaams (2,000), Welsh (2,450), Western Bru, Western Cham (890), Western Highland Purepecha (45,000), Western Juxtlahuaca Mixtec, Western Kanjobal, Western Panjabi, Wu Chinese (2,480), Xiang Chinese (290), Yalálag Zapotec, Yapese (800), Yatzachi Zapotec, Yoruba, Yucatec Maya (25,000), Yue Chinese (437,000), Zoogocho Zapotec (400)
Deaf Population
nearly 2,000,000 (1988)
Deaf Institutions
Many
General References
Bright 1992; Campbell 1997; Chafe 1962, 1965; Golla 2007
Language Counts
The number of individual languages listed for United States is 226. Of these, 214 are living and 12 are extinct. Of the living languages, 4 are institutional, 6 are developing, 2 are vigorous, 62 are in trouble, and 140 are dying.