United States

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Official Name
United States of America
Population

313,914,000 (2013 UNDESA)

Principal Languages
English
Literacy Rate
99% (2003 World Factbook)
Immigrant Languages
Adamawa Fulfulde (22,500), Adyghe (3,000), Afrikaans (18,900), Alacatlatzala Mixtec, Amharic (146,000), Arabic (3,000,000), Armenian (221,000), Assamese (1,220), Assyrian Neo-Aramaic (80,000), Bahamas Creole English, Bahnar, Basque (1,600), Belarusan (1,360), Belize Kriol English (40,000), Bengali (190,000), Bukharic (50,000), Bulgarian (57,000), Burmese (35,300), Cajonos Zapotec, Carolinian (190), Catalan (1,920), Cebuano (10,000), Central Khmer (182,000), Chaldean Neo-Aramaic (80,000), Chru, Chuukese (5,430), Classical Mandaic, Copala Triqui (5,000), Corsican, Crimean Tatar, Croatian (57,600), Czech (55,400), Danish (29,700), Dutch (132,000), Eastern Cham (890), Eastern Mnong, Eastern Punjabi (208,000), Eastern Yiddish (163,000), Efik (5,260), El Nayar Cora, Evenki (330), Faroese (150), Fijian (3,700), Fijian Hindustani, Finnish (25,800), Frisian (920), Garifuna (65,000), Gheg Albanian (62,600), Greek (340,000), Gujarati (302,000), Guyanese Creole English, Haitian (453,000), Hakka Chinese (1,090), Halh Mongolian (8,430), Hebrew (217,000), Hiligaynon, Hindi (531,000), Hmong Daw (185,000), Hmong Njua (100,000), Hulaulá, Hungarian (94,100), Icelandic (5,170), Ilocano (76,900), Inakeanon (23,600), Indonesian (60,700), Iranian Persian (359,000), Irish (22,300), Italian (807,000), Iu Mien (17,400), Japanese (457,000), Jarai, Javanese (440), Kabardian (3,500), Kabuverdianu (400,000), Kalmyk-Oirat, Kannada (35,900), Karachay-Balkar (700), Kashmiri (830), Kazakh (1,000), Khmu, Khuen, Kiribati (170), Klao, Koho, Korean (1,048,000), Kosraean (1,060), Krio (6,900), Kyrgyz (130), Ladin, Ladino (130), Lahu Shi (1,200), Lao (148,000), Latgalian, Laven, Laz, Lithuanian (42,300), Lombard, Lower Sorbian (190), Luxembourgish (710), Maay, Macedonian (22,100), Mal, Malay (12,400), Malayalam (112,000), Maltese, Mandaic, Mandarin Chinese (381,000), Maori (660), Mapudungun (210), Marathi (54,200), Marshallese (10,700), Mezquital Otomi, Min Dong Chinese (2,670), Min Nan Chinese (76,100), Mixtepec Mixtec, Nepali (34,100), North Marquesan (610), Northern Kurdish (13,000), Northern Pashto (15,800), Northern Uzbek, Norwegian (41,200), Nubi (130), Nukuoro (140), Nung, Oriya (4,790), Palauan (4,150), Pampangan (5,430), Papiamentu (800), Parsi (75,000), Peñoles Mixtec, Phu Thai, Piemontese, Pingelapese (500), Plateau Malagasy (940), Pohnpeian (2,350), Polish (632,000), Pontic, Portuguese (678,000), Q’anjob’al, Rade, Rapa Nui, Rarotongan (120), Romanian (147,000), Romany (1,000,000), Russian (846,000), Samoan (57,400), San Juan Guelavía Zapotec (500), Scottish Gaelic (1,450), Senaya (400), Serbian (63,800), Shelta (50,000), Sherpa (500), Silacayoapan Mixtec, Sindhi (6,910), Sinhala (22,300), Slovak (32,200), Slovene (7,030), Soninke (5,000), South Azerbaijani (1,280), Southwestern Caribbean Creole English (19,900), Standard Estonian (5,940), Standard German (1,120,000), Standard Latvian (16,100), Swahili (72,400), Swedish (56,700), Sylheti, Tai Daeng, Tai Dam (3,000), Tajiki (150), Tamil (131,000), Tatar (7,000), Tày, Tektiteko, Telugu (171,000), Thai (140,000), Tibetan (9,760), Tokelauan (290), Tondano, Tongan (26,300), Tosk Albanian (62,600), Traveller Scottish, Turkish (107,000), Turkmen (220), Turoyo (5,000), Ukrainian (143,000), Upper Guinea Crioulo (156,000), Upper Sorbian (190), Upper Ta’oih, Urdu (335,000), Uyghur (3,190), Vietnamese (1,204,000), Vlaams (2,000), Welsh (2,450), Western Highland Purepecha (45,000), Western Juxtlahuaca Mixtec, Western Bru, Western Cham (890), Western Kanjobal, Western Punjabi, Wu Chinese (2,480), Xiang Chinese (290), Yalálag Zapotec, Yapese (800), Yatzachi Zapotec, Yoruba, Yucatec Maya (25,000), Yue Chinese (437,000), Zoogocho Zapotec (400)
Deaf Population
nearly 2,000,000 (1988)
General References
Bright 1992; Campbell 1997; Chafe 1962, 1965; Golla 2007
Language Counts
The number of individual languages listed for United States is 227. Of these, 216 are living and 11 are extinct. Of the living languages, 3 are institutional, 8 are developing, 2 are vigorous, 61 are in trouble, and 142 are dying.
Products
See full country report.