Uzbekistan

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Arabic, Uzbeki Spoken
[auz] Navoiy, Qashqadaryo, and Buxoro regions; Samarkand region, middle and lower Zerafshan valley, a few in Katta-Kurgan town; small villages. 700 (1992 G. Watson). Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Central Asian Arabic, Jugari, Kashkadarya Arabic, Uzbeki Arabic. Dialects: Reportedly similar to North Mesopotamian Spoken Arabic [ayp]. Sharp dialect differences between Bukhara and Kashkadarya regions. Bukhara is strongly influenced by Tajiki [tgk], Kashkadarya by Uzbek [uzn] and other Turkic languages. May be a mixed language. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Endogamous and do not mix with speakers of other languages. Muslim.

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Bukharic
[bhh] Various areas. Buxoro is cultural center. 10,600 in Uzbekistan (2010 J. Leclerc). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Bokharian, Bokharic, Bukharan, Bukharin, Judeo-Tajik. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Southwestern, Persian. Comments: Non-indigenous. Jewish.

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Crimean Tatar
[crh] Navoiy and Samarqand. 150,000 in Uzbekistan (2006 A. Goriainov). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Crimean Turkish, Qirim, Qirimtatar. Dialects: Northern Crimean (Crimean Nogai, Steppe Crimean), Central Crimean, Southern Crimean. Classification: Turkic, Southern. Comments: Non-indigenous. In census counted with the Tatar [tat], but the languages are distinct. Muslim.

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Karakalpak
[kaa] Qoraqalpog iston, Navoiy, Buxoro, and Xorazm regions; along lower Amu Darya, south Aral Sea area. 506,000 in Uzbekistan (2010 J. Leclerc). Ethnic population: 717,000 (2014 World Factbook). Total users in all countries: 583,410. Status: 5 (Developing). Statutory language of provincial identity in Karakalpakstan (1995, Official Language Law (amended), 3561-XI, Article 3). Alternate Names: Karaklobuk, Klobouki, Tchorny. Dialects: Northeastern Karakalpak, Southeastern Karakalpak. Classification: Turkic, Western, Aralo-Caspian. Comments: Some literature. Muslim.

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Kazakh
[kaz] Qoraqalpog iston, Jizzax, Navoiy, Buxoro, and Sirdaryo regions. 992,000 in Uzbekistan (2010 J. Leclerc). Ethnic population: 860,000 (2014 World Factbook). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Turkic, Western, Aralo-Caspian.

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Korean
[kor] 250,000 in Uzbekistan (2010 J. Leclerc). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Koreanic. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Russian
[rus] Long-standing presence, mostly urban communities, widespread. 4,070,000 in Uzbekistan (2014 World Factbook). Ethnic population: 1,600,000 (2014 World Factbook). Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, East. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Tajiki
[tgk] Qashqadaryo, Surxondaryo, Buxoro, Samarqand, Farg ona, and Navoiy regions; several separate enclaves. 1,260,000 in Uzbekistan (2014 World Factbook). Ethnic population: 1,430,000 (2014 World Factbook). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Tojiki. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Southwestern, Persian.

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Turkish
[tur] Sirdaryo, Jizzax, Qashqadaryo, Buxoro, Samarqand, Navoiy provinces. 130,000 in Uzbekistan (2010 J. Leclerc). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Osmanli. Dialects: Danubian, Eskisehir, Razgrad, Dinler, Rumelian, Karamanli, Edirne, Gaziantep, Urfa. Classification: Turkic, Southern, Turkish. Comments: Non-indigenous. Muslim.

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Uzbek
[uzb] A macrolanguage. A macrolanguage. Population total all languages: 28,205,900 Status: Comments: Includes: Northern Uzbek [uzn], Southern Uzbek [uzs] (Afghanistan).

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Uzbek, Northern
[uzn] Widespread; concentrated in eastern. 21,300,000 in Uzbekistan (2014 World Factbook). Ethnic population: 22,900,000 (2014 World Factbook). Total users in all countries: 24,042,100. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1995, Official Language Law (amended), 3561-XI, Article 1). Alternate Names: Özbek. Dialects: Karluk (Qarlug), Kipchak (Kypchak), Oghuz. Distinct from Southern Uzbek [uzs] of Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Turkey. Russian [rus] influences in grammar, use of loanwords, and script. Oghuz may be a dialect of Khorasani Turkish [kmz] in Turkey rather than Uzbek. A member of macrolanguage Uzbek [uzb]. Classification: Turkic, Eastern. Comments: About a third urbanized. Much Persian influence in language and culture. Patrilineal. Sart is an obsolete name for sedentary Uzbek, possibly those who are ethnically Tajik. Muslim.

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