Viet Nam

Print
Official Name
Socialist Republic of Viet Nam
Population Full

89,709,000 (2013 UNDESA)

General Remarks
54 official ethnic communities
Principal Languages
Vietnamese
Literacy Rate
91% (2010 UNESCO)
Immigrant Languages
Mandarin Chinese, Northern Dong
General References
Bradley 2007; Diller 2008; Edmondson and Solnit 1997; Ferlus 1996; Lebar, Hickey, and Musgrave 1964; Ostapirat 2000; Smith 1968, 1972, 1973; Thomas 1969, 1976, 1980; Thomas and Headley 1970; Wurm and Hattori 1981
Recognized Nationalities

Decision No. 121-TCTK-PPCD, “Nomenclature of Vietnamese Ethnic Groups”, 2 Mar 1979, identified the majority ethnicity, Kinh-Viet, and 53 minority groups.

Language Counts
The number of individual languages listed for Viet Nam is 109. Of these, 108 are living and 1 is extinct. Of the living languages, 1 is institutional, 15 are developing, 50 are vigorous, 37 are in trouble, and 5 are dying.
Products
See full country report.