Yemen

Print
Arabic, Gulf Spoken
[afb] Widespread. 10,000 in Yemen. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: ’Arabi. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Non-indigenous.

More Information

Arabic, Hadrami Spoken
[ayh] Hadramawt and Shabwah governorates. 300,000 in Yemen (1995). Total users in all countries: 410,000. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Hadrami, Hadromi. Dialects: A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Distinct from Ta’izzi-Adeni Spoken Arabic [acq] and Sanaani Spoken Arabic [ayn]. Muslim.

More Information

Arabic, Judeo-Yemeni
[jye] Mainly urban communities in ‘Adan, Al Bayda’, Sanaa and Shabwah governorates; Habban dialect in Shabwah. 1,000 in Yemen (1995 H. Mutzafi). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Judeo-Yemeni, Yemenite Judeo-Arabic. Dialects: San’a, ’Aden, Be:da, Habban. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Non-indigenous. Jewish.

More Information

Arabic, Sanaani Spoken
[ayn] Widespread; central areas: Sanaa and Amanat al Asimah governorates; outer areas: central and eastern Dhamar, western Al Bayda’, Marib, Al Jawf, Sa’dah, Ma’rib, Al Mahwit, Amran, and eastern Hajjah governorates. 7,600,000 (1996). Status: 6a (Vigorous). De facto language of provincial identity in North Yemen. Alternate Names: Northern Yemeni Arabic. Dialects: A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Distinct from Hadrami [ayh] and Ta’izzi-Adeni Arabic [acq]. Muslim.

More Information

Arabic, Standard
[arb] Widespread; chiefly in education. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1991, Constitution, Article 2). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Non-indigenous.

More Information

Arabic, Ta’izzi-Adeni Spoken
[acq] Widespread. 6,760,000 in Yemen (1996). Total users in all countries: 6,980,600. Status: 6a (Vigorous). De facto language of provincial identity in South Yemen. Alternate Names: Southern Yemeni Spoken Arabic. Dialects: Ta’izzi, Adeni. Ta’izzi dialect best accepted in Yemen. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Different from Hadrami [ayh] and Sanaani Arabic [ayn]. Muslim.

More Information

Bathari
[bhm] Al Mahrah Governorate. Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Alternate Names: Bathara, Bautahari, Botahari. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, South Arabian. Comments: Non-indigenous. Muslim.

More Information

Hobyót
[hoh] Near Oman border, Al Mahrah Governorate. Status: 8a (Moribund). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, South Arabian.

More Information

Mehri
[gdq] Al Mahrah Governorate. 50,000 in Yemen (2011). Total users in all countries: 115,200. Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Mahri. Dialects: Western Mehri (Mehriyet), Eastern Mehri (Mehriyot). Within main dialects there are also differences between Bedouin and city varieties. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, South Arabian. Comments: Spoken by the Mahra. Many ethnic Mehri in Yemen are Arabic L1 speakers. Muslim.

More Information

Rāziḥī
[rzh] Sa’dah Governorate: Rāziḥ district; region of Jabal Rāziḥ massif, numerous small settlements. 62,900 (2004 62,915). census. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Jabal Razih, Rāziḥīt, Samrah Rāziḥīt, Samrit Rāziḥ, S-samrit. Dialects: None known. Rāziḥī and local spoken varieties of Arabic are mutually unintelligible. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central.

More Information

Soqotri
[sqt] Amanat al Asimah Governorate, Soqotra, ’Abd al-Kuri, Samha, and Darsah islands in the Gulf of Aden. 57,000 in Yemen (1990 census). Total users in all countries: 71,400. Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Saqatri, Socotri, Sokotri, Suqutri. Dialects: ’Abd Al-Kuri, Southern Soqotri, Northern Soqotri, Central Soqotri, Western Soqotri. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, South Arabian. Comments: North Soqotri includes North Central and Northwest Central (highland) Soqotri. Mostly monolingual in Soqotri. Muslim.

More Information