Albania

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Albanian
[sqi] Population total all countries: 7,436,990. Comments: Member languages are: Arbëreshë Albanian [aae] (Italy), Arvanitika Albanian [aat] (Greece), Gheg Albanian [aln] (Serbia), Tosk Albanian [als]

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Albanian Sign Language
[sqk] Nationwide. 205,000 (Hoyer 2007). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: AlbSL Dialects: Not similar to any of the Sign Languages in the Balkan area. Classification: Deaf sign language Comments: AlbSL has evolved in close contact with spoken Albanian, which is seen in a tradition of heavy use of fingerspelling. After the collapse of communism, the language came into contact with International Sign and other sign languages, resulting in a lot of lexical borrowing (Hoyer 2007).

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Albanian, Gheg
[aln] North of the Shkumbin river. 1,800,000 in Albania (2007). Status: 4 (Educational). Alternate Names: Geg, Gheg, Guegue, Shopni, Shqip Dialects: Gheg, Central, Gheg, Northeast, Gheg, Northwest, Gheg, Southern. Classification: Indo-European, Albanian, Gheg Comments: Muslim, Christian.

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Albanian, Tosk
[als] South of the Shkumbin river. Also in Belgium, Croatia, Egypt, Germany, Greece, Sweden, Turkey, Ukraine, United States. 2,900,000 in Albania (1989). Population total all countries: 3,108,200. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1998, Constitution, Article 14(1)). Alternate Names: Arnaut, Shkip, Shqip, Shqiperë, Skchip, Tosk, Zhgabe Dialects: Tosk, Cham (Çam), Tosk, Lab (Labërisht), Tosk, Northern. Not intelligible with Arbëreshë [aae] of Italy. The basis of official standard Albanian since 1952. There is a transitional dialect zone which is neither Gheg [aln] nor Tosk. It is spoken in a few towns and villages around the Shkumbin river such as Shpat and Sulovë. Classification: Indo-European, Albanian, Tosk Comments: Muslim, Christian.

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Aromanian
[rup] South, especially in Korçë, Lushnjë, Pernët, Gjirokastër, Sarandë, Berat, Durrës, Kavajë, and Tiranë. 10,000 in Albania (Salminen 1993). Ethnic population: Up to 400,000 in Albania. Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Armina, Aromunian, Arumanian, Arumun, Macedo Romanian, Macedo-Rumanian, Vlach Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern Comments: Ethnonym: Armini.

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Greek
[ell] South. 60,000 in Albania (1989). Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto provincial working language in Gjirokaster, Sarande, and Delvina provinces in south. Classification: Indo-European, Greek, Attic

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Macedonian
[mkd] 150,000 in Albania (2007 Boskov). Status: 4 (Educational). Alternate Names: Macedonian Slavic, Slavic Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, South, Eastern

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Romani, Vlax
[rmy] 60,000 in Albania (1991). Status: 5 (Developing). Dialects: Southern Vlax Romani. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Romani, Vlax Comments: Ethnic groups are Mechkaria, Kurtofia, Chergaria, and Kabuzia. Christian.

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Serbian
[srp] Southwest. 297,000 in Albania (2007). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Montenegrin Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, South, Western Comments: Muslim.

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