Albanian Sign Language
[sqk] Nationwide. 205,000 (Hoyer 2007). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: AlbSL Dialects: Not similar to any of the Sign Languages in the Balkan area. Classification: Deaf sign language Comments: AlbSL has evolved in close contact with spoken Albanian, which is seen in a tradition of heavy use of fingerspelling. After the collapse of communism, the language came into contact with International Sign and other sign languages, resulting in a lot of lexical borrowing (Hoyer 2007).
[aln] North of the Shkumbin river. 1,800,000 in Albania (2007). Status: 4 (Educational). Alternate Names: Geg, Gheg, Guegue, Shopni, Shqip Dialects: Gheg, Central, Gheg, Northeast, Gheg, Northwest, Gheg, Southern. Classification: Indo-European, Albanian, Gheg Comments: Muslim, Christian.
[als] South of the Shkumbin river. Also in Belgium, Croatia, Egypt, Germany, Greece, Sweden, Turkey, Ukraine, United States. 2,900,000 in Albania (1989). Population total all countries: 3,108,200. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1998, Constitution, Article 14(1)). Alternate Names: Arnaut, Shkip, Shqip, Shqiperë, Skchip, Tosk, Zhgabe Dialects: Tosk, Cham (Çam), Tosk, Lab (Labërisht), Tosk, Northern. Not intelligible with Arbëreshë [aae] of Italy. The basis of official standard Albanian since 1952. There is a transitional dialect zone which is neither Gheg [aln] nor Tosk. It is spoken in a few towns and villages around the Shkumbin river such as Shpat and Sulovë. Classification: Indo-European, Albanian, Tosk Comments: Muslim, Christian.
[rup] South, especially in Korçë, Lushnjë, Pernët, Gjirokastër, Sarandë, Berat, Durrës, Kavajë, and Tiranë. 10,000 in Albania (Salminen 1993). Ethnic population: Up to 400,000 in Albania. Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Armina, Aromunian, Arumanian, Arumun, Macedo Romanian, Macedo-Rumanian, Vlach Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern Comments: Ethnonym: Armini.