[hye] Widespread. Also in Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Canada, Cyprus, Egypt, Estonia, France, Georgia, Greece, Honduras, Hungary, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Palestine, Romania, Russian Federation, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United States, Uzbekistan. 3,140,000 in Armenia (2001 census). Population total all countries: 5,924,320. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1995, Constitution, Article 12). Alternate Names: Armjanski Yazyk, Ena, Ermeni Dili, Ermenice, Somkhuri Dialects: Agulis, Akn, Arabkir, Ararat, Artvin (Artwin), Ashkharik, Astrakhan (Astrachan), Constantinople (Istanbul, Konstantinopel), Crimea (Krim), Dzhulfa (Dschugha, Dschulfa), Eastern Armenian, Erevan (Eriwan), Ewdokia (Tokat), Hamshen (Hamschen), Karabagh, Karin (Erzerum, Erzurum), Kharberd (Charberd, Erzenka, Erzincan), Khvoy-Salmst (Choi-Salmst), Kilikien, Malatya (Malatia), Mus (Musch), North Komedia, Rodosto, Sebaste, Shabin-Karahissar (Schabin-Karahissar), Shamakhi (Schamachi), Smyrna (Izmir), Syria (Syrien), Tbilisi (Tiflis), Tigranakert (Diarbekir, Diyarbakir), Trabzon (Trapezunt), Urmia-Maragheh (Urmia-Maragha), Van (Wan). Eastern Armenian (4,341,000) in Armenia and its Turkish and Iranian borderlands; Western Armenian (879,612) used elsewhere and only understood by some in Iran. In Syria, people in Kessaberen (northeastern mountain village of Kessab) and Musa Dagh village (now relocated to Lebanon) speak related varieties which other Western Armenian speakers do not understand. Most Kessaberen users now learn Western Armenian. Western Armenian (Turkey) and Ararat (Russian Federation) are easily intelligible. Classification: Indo-European, Armenian Comments: Ethnic autonym: Haieren. Christian (Miaphysite).
Armenian Sign Language
[aii] Transcaucasia, Erevan and scattered. 3,500 in Armenia (2001 census). Ethnic population: 15,000. Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Aisorski, Sooreth Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, Aramaic, Eastern, Central, Northeastern Comments: ‘Aisor’ is the Russian name for the people. The Assyrian and Chaldean separated denominationally during the 16th century. Christian (Nestorian).
[azj] 161,000 in Armenia (Johnstone 1993). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Azerbaydzhani, Azeri Turk, Turkler Dialects: Airym, Baku, Borcala, Derbent, Erevan, Karapapak, Kazakh, Kirovabad, Kuba, Kutkasen, Kyzylbash, Lenkoran, Nakhichevan, Nukha, Ordubad, Saliany, Semakha, Susa (Karabakh), Terekeme, Zakataly (Mugaly). Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Southern, Azerbaijani Comments: Muslim (Shi’a).
[kmr] Aragats, Armavir, Talin, Artashat, Abovian, Echmiadzin, Masis, and other main towns and cities. 45,000 in Armenia (2002). Status: 4 (Educational). Alternate Names: Êzdîkî, Kurmancî, Kurmanji Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Northwestern, Kurdish Comments: Majority are Yezidi.
[rmi] Armenia, south Caucasus. Also in Azerbaijan, Russian Federation, Syria. 50 in Armenia (2004). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Armenian Bosa, Armenian Bosha, Bosa, Bosha Dialects: Grammatically restructured like Armenian [hye] with phonology and lexicon also influenced by Armenian. Classification: Mixed language, Armenian-Romani