Austria

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Alemannic
[gsw] West, Vorarlberg. 300,000 in Austria (1991 A. Schmidt). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Alemannic Dialects: High Alemannisch (Hochalemannisch). Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, German, Upper German, Alemannic

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Austrian Sign Language
[asq] Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: ÖGS, Österreichische Gebärdensprache Dialects: Partially intelligible with French Sign Language [fsl]. Related to Russian Sign Language [rsl]. Sign language used in class and that used by adults outside class are different. Classification: Deaf sign language Comments: Manual alphabet for spelling.

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Bavarian
[bar] Central Bavarian in the Alps and Lower Austria and Salzburg; North Bavarian north of Regensburg, to Nuremburg and Western Bohemia, Czech Republic; South Bavarian in Bavarian Alps, Tyrol, Styria, including the Heanzian dialect of Burgenland, Carinthia, northern Italy, and part of Gottschee. Also in Czech Republic, Germany, Italy. 7,000,000 in Austria (2005). Population total all countries: 13,259,000. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Bairisch, Bavarian Austrian, Bayerisch, Ost-Oberdeutsch Dialects: Central Bavarian (Danube Bavarian), North Bavarian (Upper Franconian), Salzburgish, South Bavarian. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, German, Upper German, Bavarian-Austrian

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Croatian
[hrv] Burgenland and Vienna. 19,400 in Austria (2001 census). Status: 6b (Threatened). Statutory language of provincial identity in Burgenland, Styria regions (1955, Treaty of Vienna). Dialects: Burgenland Croatian. Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, South, Western Comments: Croatian spoken in Burgenland differs extensively from that spoken in the Republic of Croatia and intelligibility is difficult. Some dialects heavily influenced by German [deu]. Christian.

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Czech
[ces] 11,000 in Austria (2001 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Statutory language of provincial identity in parts of Burgenland and Styria (1955, Treaty of Vienna). Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, West, Czech-Slovak

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German, Standard
[deu] Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1929, Constitution, Article 8), constitution reinstated 1945. Dialects: Kärntnerisch. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, German, Middle German, East Middle German

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Hungarian
[hun] Vienna, Lower Austria, Styria, Burgenland. 25,900 in Austria (2001 census). Status: 4 (Educational). Statutory language of provincial identity in 7 districts in Burgenland (1976, Ethnic Groups Act, No. 396, Articles 13–15). Alternate Names: Magyar Dialects: Oberwart. Classification: Uralic

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Romani, Sinte
[rmo] 4,350 in Austria (2001 census). Status: 2 (Provincial). Recognized language (1993, Federal Act of 16 December). Alternate Names: Rommanes, Sinte, Sinti Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Romani, Northern Comments: Christian.

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Slovak
[slk] 3,340 in Austria (2001 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Statutory language of provincial identity in Vienna, other urban centers (1993, Ethnic Groups Act No. 397, Articles 13–15). Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, West, Czech-Slovak

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Slovene
[slv] Southwest, Carinthia (Kärnten) and Steiermark (Styria). 18,000 in Austria (2001 census). Status: 4 (Educational). Statutory language of provincial identity in South Carinthia (1955, Treaty of Vienna). Alternate Names: Slovenian, “Windisch” (pej.) Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, South, Western Comments: Most do not consider themselves Slovenians, but Carinthians, belonging to the German culture. Separated by the Karawanken Mountains from the larger group of Slovenes in Slovenia. Formerly called “Windisch” pejoratively, an archaic form of Slovene, heavily influenced by German. Some use dialects, but others losing dialect knowledge. Many hear standard Slovene in church.

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Walser
[wae] Vorarlberg (Grosses Walsertal: Blons, Fontanella, Raggal, Saint Gerold, Sonntag, Thüringerberg); Kleinwalsertal (Mittleberg); Brandnertal (Brand); Montafon (Silbertal); Reintal (Laterns); Tannberg (Schricken, Lech, Warth); Tirol: Paznauntal (Galtnr). 14 communities. 8,080 in Austria (2000). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Walscher Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, German, Upper German, Alemannic

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