Azerbaijan

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Akhvakh
[akv] Expatriate community of Akhvakh-dere in Kuba county. Status: 6b (Threatened). Classification: North Caucasian, East Caucasian, Avar-Andic, Andic

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Armenian
[hye] Nagorno-Karabakh region. 152,000 in Azerbaijan. Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Armjanski, Ermenice, Haieren, Somkhuri Dialects: Western Armenian. Classification: Indo-European, Armenian Comments: Christian.

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Avar
[ava] Northwest, Zaqatala and Balakan regions. 44,000 in Azerbaijan (1989 census). Status: 6b (Threatened). De facto language of provincial identity in Balakan and Zaqatala. Alternate Names: Avaro, Dagestani Dialects: Zaqatala (Char, Zakataly). Classification: North Caucasian, East Caucasian, Avar-Andic, Avar Comments: Muslim (Sunni).

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Azerbaijani, North
[azj] 6,100,000 in Azerbaijan (2007 census). Population total all countries: 7,324,060. 4,000,000 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 6,230,000. L2 users: 8,000,000 in Azerbaijan. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1995, Constitution, Article 21(1)). Alternate Names: Azerbaijan, Azerbaydzhani, Azeri Turk Dialects: Airym, Baku, Borcala, Derbend, Ganja, Karapapak, Lenkaran, Nakhchivan, Nukha, Ordubad, Qabala, Qazakh, Quba, Qyzylbash, Salyan, Shamakhi, Shusha (Karabakh), Terekeme, Yerevan, Zaqatala (Mugaly). Slight dialect differences. Qazakh dialect is not related to Kazakh [kaz]. Significant differences from South Azerbaijani [azb] in phonology, lexicon, morphology, syntax, and loanwords. A member of macrolanguage Azerbaijani [aze]. Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Southern, Azerbaijani Comments: North and South Azerbaijani are spoken by 1 ethnic group. Each language group is reluctant to accept the written form of the other. Muslim (Shi’a), Muslim (Sunni).

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Budukh
[bdk] Quba county, Budukh village; in expatriate communities of Deli-Kaya, Pirusti. 200 (Bril 2010). Ethnic population: 1,000 (1990 A. Kibrik). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Budug, Budugi, Budux, Bukukhi Dialects: Budukh, Yergyuch. Classification: North Caucasian, East Caucasian, Lezgic, Nuclear Lezgic, South Lezgic Comments: Muslim (Sunni).

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Judeo-Tat
[jdt] Northeast, Quba region, Baku and Krasnaya Sloboda village; Vartashen region, Vartashen village. 24,000 in Azerbaijan (1989 census). Status: 6a (Vigorous). De facto language of provincial identity in Quba, Baku districts. Alternate Names: Bik, Dzhuhuric, Jewish Tat, Judeo-Tatic, Juhur, Juhuri, Juwri Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Southwestern, Tat Comments: Jewish.

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Khalaj
[kjf] Status: 6a (Vigorous). Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Northwestern Comments: Different from Turkic Khalaj [klj] in Iran.

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Khinalugh
[kjj] Quba county, Khinalug village. 1,000 (Salminen 2007). Status: 6b (Threatened). De facto language of provincial identity in Quba District. Alternate Names: Khinalug, Khinalugi, Xinalug Classification: North Caucasian, East Caucasian, Khinalugh Comments: Muslim.

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Kryts
[kry] Quba county, Kryz, Jek, Khaput, Yergyuj, and Alyk villages. 5,000 (Salminen 2007). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Dzek, Dzhek, Dzheki, Katsy, Kryc, Kryz, Kryzy Dialects: Alyk, Dzhek, Kryts, Xaput (Khaput), Yergyudzh. Dialects quite distinct; perhaps separate languages. Classification: North Caucasian, East Caucasian, Lezgic, Nuclear Lezgic, South Lezgic Comments: Muslim (Sunni).

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Kurdish, Northern
[kmr] Basargechar, Minkend, Kubatly, Zangelan, especially Kelbajar and Lachin. Many displaced. 20,000 in Azerbaijan (1989 census). Status: 5 (Developing). Statutory language of provincial identity in Jabrayil, Kelbajar, Lachan, Qubadly, Zangilan districts (1995, Constitution, Articles 25(3) and 45). Alternate Names: Kurdî, Kurmancî, Kurmanji Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Northwestern, Kurdish Comments: Muslim (Sunni).

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Lezgi
[lez] Qusar and Zachmaz provinces, near Russian Federation border on the northeast; southern slopes of main Caucasus chain. 364,000 in Azerbaijan (2007). Status: 6b (Threatened). De facto language of provincial identity in Qusar and Zachmaz. Alternate Names: Kiurinty, Lezghi, Lezgian, Lezgin Dialects: Quba. Classification: North Caucasian, East Caucasian, Lezgic, Nuclear Lezgic, East Lezgic Comments: Muslim.

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Russian
[rus] 475,000 in Azerbaijan. Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, East

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Rutul
[rut] Sheik and Kax counties. 17,000 in Azerbaijan. Status: 6b (Threatened). Classification: North Caucasian, East Caucasian, Lezgic, Nuclear Lezgic, West Lezgic

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Talysh
[tly] Caspian coast south of Viliazh-Chai River. May be in Central Asia and Siberia. 800,000 in Azerbaijan (1996). Population total all countries: 915,400. Status: 4 (Educational). De facto language of provincial identity in Astara, Lankaran, Lerik, Masally districts. Alternate Names: Talesh, Talish, Talyshi Dialects: Astara, Lenkoran, Lerik, Massali. Northern Talyshi in Azerbaijan and Iran. Dialects in Azerbaijan are similar. Dialects in Iran may be separate languages. Reportedly similar to Harzani [hrz]. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Northwestern, Talysh Comments: Muslim (Sunni), Muslim (Shi’a).

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Tat, Muslim
[ttt] Widespread in mountains near Qonaqkend; Kuba, Davichi, Sizan, Vartashen, Baku cities; Apsheron peninsula: Balakhan, Surakhan; Lakhij, Matrasa, Konakhkend, Afruja, Chichi, Dagkushu, and Genvab villages. 18,000 in Azerbaijan (1989 census). Population total all countries: 28,010. Ethnic population: 22,000 (1990 A. Kibrik). Status: 7 (Shifting). De facto language of provincial identity in Quba, Shabran, Siazan. Alternate Names: Muslim Tat, Mussulman Tati, Tati Dialects: Absheron, Aruskush-Daqqushchu (Khyzy), Balakhani, Devechi, Lahyj, Malham, Qonaqkend, Quba, Qyzyl Qazma, Surakhani. Difficult intelligibility of Judeo-Tat [jdt]. Reportedly similar to Farsi [pes]. Balakhani are recent exiles from Iran. Lahyj dialect may be a separate language. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Southwestern, Tat Comments: Different from Takestani [tks] of Iran. Muslim (Shi’a).

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Tsakhur
[tkr] Northwest, Zakatal and Kakh counties, 16 villages. 13,000 in Azerbaijan (1989 census). Population total all countries: 23,673. Ethnic population: 13,300 (1989 census). Status: 6b (Threatened). De facto language of provincial identity in Tovuz District. Alternate Names: Caxur, Sakhur, Tsakhury, Tsaxur, Yikbi Classification: North Caucasian, East Caucasian, Lezgic, Nuclear Lezgic, West Lezgic Comments: Muslim.

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Udi
[udi] Oghuz town, Qabala, Niç (about 4,000 speakers), and Mirzabeyli villages. 3,800 in Azerbaijan (2009 census). Population total all countries: 6,590. Status: 5 (Developing). De facto language of provincial identity in Qabala District. Alternate Names: Udin, Uti Dialects: Nidzh (Nic, Nij, Nizh), Oghuz (Vartashen), Oktomberi. Oktomberi dialect more divergent from Nic Udi than from Oghuz Udi. One of the most divergent Lezgian (Lezgic) languages. Classification: North Caucasian, East Caucasian, Lezgic, Udi Comments: Nic dialect is vigorous (6a). Oghuz dialect is moribund (8a), as only about 100 persons remain in Oghuz. Christian.

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