[rup] Associations in Peshtera, Velingrad, Dupnitsa, Rakitovo, and Blagoevgrad. 10,600 in Bulgaria (2007). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Armina, Arumanian, Macedo, Macedo-Rumanian, Romanian Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern Comments: Ethnonym: Armini, refers to those whose relatives emigrated from Macedonia and northern Greece between 1850 and 1914. Romanian Cultural Institute was closed in 1948.
Balkan Gagauz Turkish
[bul] 7,020,000 in Bulgaria (ELDIA 2012). Population total all countries: 8,157,770. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1991, Constitution, Article 3). Alternate Names: Balgarski Dialects: Palityan (Bogomil, Palitiani). Palityan dialect is functionally intelligible with standard Bulgarian. The Pomak dialect spoken in Greece is reportedly similar to Serbian [srp] and Bulgarian; geographical dialect variation toward each. Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, South, Eastern Comments: Christian.
Bulgarian Sign Language
[rmn] Sofia to the Black Sea (Central dialect). Tinsmiths dialect is in central and northwest Bulgaria; Arlija in Sofia Region. 281,000 in Bulgaria (Gunnemark and Kenrick 1985). 100,000 Arlija, 20,000 Dzambazi, 10,000 Tinsmiths, 10,000 East Bulgarian. L2 users: 200,000 in Bulgaria (Gunnemark 1985). Status: 6a (Vigorous). De facto language of national identity. Alternate Names: Gypsy Dialects: Arlija, Dzambazi, East Bulgarian Romani, Greek Romani, Ironworker Romani, Paspatian, Tinners Romani. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Romani, Balkan Comments: Ethnic groups: Jerlídes (western Bulgaria), Drindári (central Bulgaria). Muslim.
Russian Sign Language
[tur] South, Kurdzhali province and neighboring areas, along the Danube; various regions east. 606,000 in Bulgaria (2011 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). De facto language of national identity. Alternate Names: Osmanli, Turki Dialects: Danubian, Dinler, Macedonian Turkish, Razgrad. Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Southern, Turkish Comments: Gradually being replaced by Bulgarian [bul], although Islam and ethnic identity remain strong. Natural growth balanced by emigration to Turkey. Muslim.