Congo

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Aka
[axk] Northeast corner. 15,000 in Congo (Cavalli-Sforza 1986). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Babinga, Beka, Binga, Mòáka, Yaka Dialects: Bambenzele (Western Aka), Basese (Eastern Aka). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Ngando (C.104) Comments: Mraka (sg.), Beka (pl.). Different from the Baka [bkc] language of Cameroon and Gabon, which is Ubangi. Possibly more than one pygmy language in Congo. Nomadic. Pygmies. Traditional religion.

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Akwa
[akw] Cuvette Region, Makoua district. 24,100 (2000). Status: 6b (Threatened). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Mbosi (C.22)

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Bangandu
[bgf] Sangha Region, along Cameroon border. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Bagando, Bangando Dialects: Baagato, North Bangato. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Ubangi, Gbaya-Manza-Ngbaka, Southwest

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Beembe
[beq] Bouenza Region, Mouyondzi and Mabgombo districts, some in Sibiti and Kingoué. 40,000 (2007 census). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Bembe, Kibeembe Dialects: Keenge (Kikeenge, kinkeenge), Yari (Kiyari). Dialect subgroup. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kongo (H.11) Comments: Different from Bembe [bmb] of Democratic Republic of the Congo.

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Bekwel
[bkw] Sangha Region, along Cameroon border, near Gabon border, almost to Ouesso. Also in Cameroon, Gabon. 9,600 in Congo (2003). Population total all countries: 12,060. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Bakwele, Bakwil, Bekwil Dialects: Ebaa, Koolo, Mebeeza, Mekwoob, Zalagee. Similar to Mpumpong [mgg]. Lexical similarity: 85% with Koonzime [ozm]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.85) Comments: Different from Baakpe [bri] (Bakwiri) of Cameroon. Traditional religion, Christian.

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Bobangi
[bni] Cuvette Region, Mossaka district, on the Congo River. 60,400 in Congo (2000). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Bangi, Bubangi, Bungi, Dzamba, Lobobangi, Rebu Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Bangi-Ntomba (C.32)

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Bomitaba
[zmx] Likouala Region, Epena district, along Likouala-aux-Herbes river. Also in Central African Republic. 9,600 in Congo (2000). Population total all countries: 9,820. Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Bamitaba, Leke, Mbomitaba, Mbomotaba Dialects: Central Bomitaba (Epena), Northern Bomitaba (Matoki). Related to Bongili [bui]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Ngundi (C.14) Comments: Traditional religion, Christian.

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Bomwali
[bmw] Sangha Region, Ouesso district. Also in Cameroon. 33,200 in Congo (2002). Population total all countries: 39,300. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Bomali, Boumoali, Bumali, Lino, Sangasanga Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.87)

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Bongili
[bui] Sangha Region, Sangha river area, southeast of Ouesso, to Pikounda area; southwest of Ouesso, Liouesso district. 4,000. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Bokiba, Bongiri, Bungili, Bungiri Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Ngundi (C.15) Comments: Different from Bukongo [bkj] of Central African Republic.

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Bonjo
[bok] Likouala Region, Dongou and Impfondo districts, Oubangui, Motaba, and Ibenga river areas. 3,000. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Impfondo, Mbonzo Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Ngundi (C.143)

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Bwisi
[bwz] Niari Region, Kibangou district, Banda area, on Gabon border. Also in Gabon. 3,020 in Congo (2000). Population total all countries: 4,250. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Ibwisi, Mbwisi Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Sira (B.401) Comments: Different from Talinga-Bwisi [tlj] of Democratic Republic of the Congo and Uganda.

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Dibole
[bvx] Northeast, south Epena district, 16 villages. 4,000 (Leitch 2004). 800 monolinguals (Leitch 2004). Ethnic population: 4,000 to 5,000. Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Babole, Southern Bomitaba Dialects: Central Dibole (Kinami), Northern Dibole (Dzeke), Southern Dibole (Bouanila). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Ngundi (C.101) Comments: Traditional religion, Christian.

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Doondo
[dde] Bouenza Department; Madingou, Mfouati, and Boko-Songho districts; Pool Department, southwest Mindouli district. 75,000 (2007 census). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Dondo, Kidoondo Dialects: Part of Kongo subgroup. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kongo (H.112)

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Fang
[fan] Extreme northwest. 8,100 in Congo (2007). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Pahouin, Pamue Dialects: Make, Ntum, Ogowe. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Yaunde-Fang (A.75)

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French
[fra] 28,000 in Congo (1993). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (2002, Constitution, Article 6). Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French Comments: Sole language of formal education.

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Gbaya
[gya] Sangha Region, scattered on Cameroon border areas. 2,000 in Congo (Johnstone 1993). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Baya, Northwest Gbaya Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Ubangi, Gbaya-Manza-Ngbaka, Northwest

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Kaamba
[xku] Bouenza Region, Nkayi and Madingou districts. 3,020 (2000). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Kikaamba Dialects: Part of Kongo subgroup. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kongo (H.112)

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Kako
[kkj] Extreme north Likouala Region, Ibenga and Motaba rivers, scattered. 9,060 in Congo (2002). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Kaka, Nkoxo, Yaka Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Kako (A.93)

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Kituba
[mkw] Mainly between Brazzaville and Pointe-Noire. 1,160,000 (1987 SIL). Status: 3 (Wider communication). Statutory language of national identity (2002, Constitution, Article 6), recognized as lingua franca. Alternate Names: Kikoongo, Munukutuba Dialects: Similar to Kituba [ktu] of Democratic Republic of the Congo. Classification: Creole, Kongo based Comments: Main language of the south.

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Koongo
[kng] Pool Region, Boko district, west and northwest of Brazzaville. Possibly in Gabon. 16,500 in Congo (2007 census). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Congo, Kikongo, Kikoongo, Kongo, Kongo-Nseke Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kongo (H.16) Comments: Kongo-Nseke is the distinguishing name for Koongo in Congo-Brazzaville. Christian, Muslim.

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Kota
[koq] Cuvette Region, west of Mbomo; Sangha Region, Liouesso district. 9,060 in Congo (2000). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Ikota, Ikuta Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.25)

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Koyo
[koh] Cuvette Region, Owando district. 1,000. Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Ekoyo, Kouyou Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Mbosi (C.24)

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Kunyi
[njx] Bouenza and Niari regions, south and southeast from Makabana to Democratic Republic of the Congo border. 52,000 (1984 census). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Kikunyi, Kugni Dialects: Nyaanga (Kinyaanga). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kongo (H.13)

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Laari
[ldi] South of Pool Region, west and northwest of Brazzaville. Also in Angola (Kilari). 90,600 in Congo (2000). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Kilari, Laadi, Ladi, Lari Dialects: Ghaangala (Hangala, Kighaangala), Laari de Biiza , Laari de Kinkala. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kongo (H.111) Comments: Christian, Muslim.

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Likuba
[kxx] Cuvette Region, on the Congo River, above Sangha river mouth. 30,200 (2000). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Kuba Dialects: Mutually intelligible with Likwala [kwc]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Mbosi (C.27)

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Likwala
[kwc] Cuvette Region, on lower reaches of Likouala-Mossaka, Sangha, and Likouala-aux-Herbes rivers. 45,300 (2000). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Ekwala, Kwala, Likouala Dialects: Mutually intelligible with Likuba [kxx]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Mbosi (C.26)

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Lingala
[lin] Mainly Brazzaville and north. 90,600 in Congo (2000). Status: 3 (Wider communication). Statutory language of national identity (2002, Constitution, Article 6), generally northern. Alternate Names: Ngala Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Bangi-Ntomba (C.36)

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Lumbu
[lup] Niari Region, Kibangou district, between Kibangou and Gabon border. 3,020 in Congo (2000). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Ilumbu Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Sira (B.44)

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Mbandja
[zmz] Extreme north Likouala Region, Oubangui river area. 9,060 in Congo (2000). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Banja, Mbanja, Mbanza Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Ubangi, Banda, Southern

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Mbangwe
[zmn] Lekoumou Region, Bambama district, small groups. 1,510 in Congo (2000). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: M’bahouin Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.23)

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Mbere
[mdt] Cuvette-Ouest Region, Kelle and north Ewo districts. Also in Gabon. 60,400 in Congo (2000). Population total all countries: 105,900. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Limbede, Mbédé, Mbété Dialects: Ngwii. Related to Kaningi [kzo], Ndumu [nmd], and Yangho [ynh]. Lexical similarity: 77% with Mbamba [mbm], 76% with Ngungwel [ngz], 74% with Teke-Tege [teg], 70% with Teke-Tsaayi [tyi]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Mbere (B.61) Comments: Traditional religion, Christian.

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Mboko
[mdu] Cuvette Region, west Makoua district. 27,200 (2000). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Mboxo, Mbuku Dialects: Ngare. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Mbosi (C.21)

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Mbosi
[mdw] Cuvette Region, Owando and Mossaka districts, south of Owando; Plateaux Region, Abala district. 108,000 (2000). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Embosi, Mbochi, Mboshe, Mboshi Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Mbosi (C.25) Comments: Traditional religion, Christian.

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Moi
[mow] Oubangui river west bank, Alima river mouth, south of Mossaka. 3,020 (2000). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Lemoi Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Bangi-Ntomba (C.40)

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Monzombo
[moj] Extreme northeast, on Oubangui river. Also in Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo. 6,000 in Congo (Johnstone 1993). Population total all countries: 12,600. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Mondjembo, Monjombo, Munzombo Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Ubangi, Sere-Ngbaka-Mba, Ngbaka-Mba, Ngbaka, Western, Monzombo

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Mpyemo
[mcx] Sangha Region, along Cameroon border. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Bimu, Mbimou, Mbimu, Mbyemo, Mpo Dialects: Bidjuki (Bidjouki), Jasoa (Jasua), Mpyemo. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.86) Comments: Traditional religion, Christian, Muslim.

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Ndasa
[nda] Lekoumou Region, west of Zanaga. Also in Gabon. 4,530 in Congo (2000). Population total all countries: 6,990. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Andasa Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.201)

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Ngbaka
[nga] Likouala Region, Oubangui river west bank, between Impfondo and Congo river confluence. 3,650 in Congo (2000). Status: 5 (Developing). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Ubangi, Gbaya-Manza-Ngbaka, East Comments: Different from Ngbaka Ma’bo [nbm].

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Ngbaka Ma’bo
[nbm] 90,600 in Congo (2000). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Bouaka, Bwaka, Gbala, Ma’bo, Mbacca, Mbaka, Nbwaka, Ngbaka Limba Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Ubangi, Sere-Ngbaka-Mba, Ngbaka-Mba, Ngbaka, Western, Bwaka

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Ngom
[nra] Cuvette-Ouest Region, northwest of Mbomo. 4,530 in Congo (2000). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Angom, Bangom, Bangomo, Ongom, Ungom Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.22)

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Ngundi
[ndn] Sangha Region, east of Ouesso. Also in Central African Republic. 3,000 in Congo (2004). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Ingundi, Ngondi Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Ngundi (C.11) Comments: Different from Gundi [gdi] of Central African Republic, which is an Adamawa-Ubangi language.

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Ngungwel
[ngz] Plateaux Region, Gamboma district. 45,000 (1988 SIL). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Engungwel, Ngangoulou, Ngungulu, Northeastern Teke Dialects: Mpu (Mpumpum). Seen as separate from Teke, although part of the Teke family. Lexical similarity: 89% with Boo [ebo], 81% with Kukua [kkw], 77% with Teghe [teg], 76% with Tsaayi [tyi] and Mbere [mdt], 75% with Tyee [tyx], 68% with Laali [lli], 61% with Yaa [iyx]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.72)

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Njebi
[nzb] Niari Region, Mayoko district. 15,100 in Congo (2000). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Binzabi, Injebi, Ndjabi, Njabi, Njevi, Nzebi, Yinjebi, Yinzebi Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Njebi (B.52)

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Njyem
[njy] Sangha Region, Souanke district, along paths leading north to Cameroon. 3,500 in Congo. 85% monolingual. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Djem, Dzem, Ndjem, Ndjeme, Ndzem, Ngyeme, Njem, Nyem Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.84) Comments: Christian.

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Ombamba
[mbm] Lekoumou Region, Bambama district. Also in Gabon (Mbama). 15,100 in Congo (2000). Population total all countries: 24,800. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Lembaamba, Mbaama, Mbama, Mbamba Dialects: Lexical similarity: 81% with Teghe [teg], 77% with Mbere [mdt], 66% with Tsaayi [tyi]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Mbere (B.62)

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Pomo
[pmm] Sangha Region, north of Ouesso, on Cameroon and Central African Republic borders. 5,430 in Congo (2000). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Congo Pol, Pol, Pori, Pul Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Kako (A.92)

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Punu
[puu] Niari Region, toward Gabon border. 9,060 in Congo (2000). Total of all Sira-Punu languages in Congo 80,000. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Ipounou, Ipunu, Pouno, Puno, Yipunu Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Sira (B.43)

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Suundi
[sdj] Pool Region, Boko, Kinkala, Kindamba, and Mayama districts. 121,000 (2000). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Kissoundi, Kisuundi, Suundi de Kimongo Dialects: Kisuundi kya Mayama, Kisuundi kya Ngwaari, Kisuundi kya Nkeleke. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kongo (H.131)

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Teke-Eboo
[ebo] Plateaux Region from Lefini river east to the Congo River. Also in Democratic Republic of the Congo (Eboo Teke). 20,400 in Congo (2000). 454,000 all Teke languages in Congo (Johnstone and Mandryk 2001). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Bamboma, Boma, Boo, Boõ, Central Teke, Eboo Teke, Eboom, Iboo, Teke-Boma Dialects: Teke-Nzikou. Eboo is the language of the ancient Teke kings. Teke-Eboo [ebo], Teke-Nzikou [nzu], and Teke-Fuumu [ifm] are similar enough to easily share the same literature. Lexical similarity: 63% with Iyaa, 69% with Laali [lli], 75% with Tsaayi [tyi], 85% with Tyee [tyx], 86% with Kukuya [kkw], 89% with Ngungwel [ngz], 79% with Teke-Tege [teg]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.74) Comments: Ethnic autonym: Aboo. Teke-Nzikou [nzu] and Teke-Eboo use the same literacy materials. A hybrid of the dialects is emerging among young people. Traditional religion.

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Teke-Fuumu
[ifm] Pool Region, Fuumu is north of Brazzaville; Wuumu is north and northwest of Lefini river. 8,150 (2000). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Kiteke, South Central Teke, Teke du Pool Dialects: Fuumu (Ifuumu, Mfumu), Wuumu (Iwuumu, Wumbu). Teke-Eboo [ebo],Teke-Nzikou [nzu], and Teke-Fuumu [ifm] are similar enough to easily share the same literature. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.77)

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Teke-Ibali
[tek] Pool Region, Brazzaville area, on the Congo River. 36,200 in Congo (2000). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Eastern Teke, Ibali, Kiteke Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.75)

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Teke-Kukuya
[kkw] Plateaux Region, Lekana district, east of Leketi river. 38,800 (2000). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Chikuya, Kikuwa, Koukouya, Kukua, Kukwa, Southern Teke Dialects: Lexical similarity: 86% with Eboo [ebo], 85% with Tyee [tyx], 81% with Ngungwel [ngz], 80% with Tsaayi [tyi], 79% with Teke-Tege [teg], 75% with Laali [lli], 70% with Yaka [iyx]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.77)

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Teke-Laali
[lli] Lekoumou Region, south of Komono. 2,100 (2006). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Ilaali Dialects: Lexical similarity: 81% with Tsaayi [tyi], 78% with Tyee [tyx]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.73)

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Teke-Nzikou
[nzu] Plateaux Region, around Djambala. 454,000 all Teke languages in Congo (Johnstone and Mandryk 2001). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Njiunjiu, Njyunjyu Dialects: Teke-Eboo. A hybrid of the dialects is emerging among young people. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.74) Comments: Teke-Nzikou and Teke-Eboo [ebo] can be considered dialects of the same language, though there is no group name, apart from Teke. Both dialects use the same literacy materials. A hybrid of the dialects emerging among young people. Traditional religion.

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Teke-Tege
[teg] Cuvette-Ouest Region, Ewo and Okoyo districts; Plateaux Region, Abala district, west of Mpama river. 49,300 in Congo (2000). 454,000 all Teke languages in Congo (Johnstone and Mandryk 2001). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Iteghe, Northern Teke, Teghe, Teke Alima, Teke Kali Dialects: Kateghe (Nzikini), Keteghe. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.71)

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Teke-Tsaayi
[tyi] North Lekoumou Region, east of Mossendjo. 95,900 (2000). 454,000 all Teke languages in Congo (Johnstone and Mandryk 2001). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Getsaayi, Tsaya, Tsaye, Tsayi Dialects: Lexical similarity: 76% with Tyee [tyx], 80% with Kukuya [kkw]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.73)

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Teke-Tyee
[tyx] Lekoumou and Bouenza regions. 14,400. 454,000 all Teke languages in Congo (Johnstone and Mandryk 2001). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: West Teke Dialects: Lexical similarity: 85% with Kukuya [kkw] and Eboo [ebo]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.73) Comments: Traditional religion.

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Tsaangi
[tsa] Niari Region, north and northwest of Mossendjo. Also in Gabon. 13,600 in Congo (2000). Population total all countries: 22,210. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Icaangi, Itsangi, Tcengui, Tchangui Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Njebi (B.53)

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Vili
[vif] Kouilou Region, coast between Angola and Gabon borders; Yoombe Island. Also in Gabon. 7,310 in Congo (2000). Population total all countries: 11,000. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Civili, Fiot, Fiote, Tshivili, Tsivili Dialects: Civili ci Loango, Civili ci Moongo, Civili ci Waanda, Civili ci Yombe, Kotchi, Lindji, Woyo, Yoombe (Ciyoombe, Yombe). A dialect subgroup. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kongo (H.12) Comments: Ethnonym: Bavili. Christian, traditional religion.

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Wumbvu
[wum] Niari Region, north to Gabon border. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Aka, Baaka, Babinga, Bambendjele, Bambenga, Beka, Biaka, Pygmy, Wumvu Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.24)

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Yaka
[iyx] Lekoumou Region, Sibiti district. 10,000 (1988). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Iyaka, West Teke, Yaa Dialects: Lexical similarity: 91% with Laali [lli], 74% with Tsaayi [tyi], 69% with Tyee [tyx]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.73)

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Yombe
[yom] 348,000 in Congo (2000). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Bayombe, Kiombi, Kiyombe Dialects: Mbala (Mumbala), Vungunya (Kivungunya, Yombe Classique). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kongo (H.16) Comments: Distinct enough from Vili [vif] to need separate literature. Christian, traditional religion.

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