Cyprus

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Arabic, Cypriot Spoken
[acy] Northern Cyprus, Kormakiti, one of 4 Maronite villages in the mountains. 1,300 (1995). Ethnic population: 6,000. 140 Maronites in Kormatiki, 80 to 100 in Limassol, the rest in the Maronite community in Nicosia. Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Cypriot Maronite Arabic, Maronite, Sanna Dialects: A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic Comments: A hybrid language with roots in the Arabic of both Anatolia and Levant. Many borrowings from Syriac [syc] and Greek [ell]. Ethnonym: Maronites. Christian (Maronite).

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Armenian
[hye] 2,740 in Cyprus (1987). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Armjanski, Ermenice, Haieren, Somkhuri Dialects: Western Armenian. Classification: Indo-European, Armenian Comments: Urban population. Christian.

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Greek
[ell] Nearly all in south Cyprus. 1,100,000 in Cyprus (ELDIA 2012). L2 users: 57,000 in Cyprus (ELDIA 2012). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1960, Constitution, Article 3(1)). Dialects: Cypriot Greek. Classification: Indo-European, Greek, Attic Comments: Christian.

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Turkish
[tur] Nearly all in north Cyprus. 177,000 in Cyprus (1995). Status: 2 (Provincial). De facto provincial language in north Cyprus. Alternate Names: Osmanli Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Southern, Turkish Comments: Muslim.

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