Estonia

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Estonian
[est] Population total all countries: 1,078,400. Comments: Member languages are: Standard Estonian [ekk], Võro [vro]

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Estonian Sign Language
[eso] Widespread, mostly in Tallinn and Pärnu. 4,500 users out of 1,600 deaf and 20,000 hearing impaired. 2,000 persons need regular help from interpreters (1998 U. Sutrop). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Viipekeel Dialects: Some local dialects. The dialect in Pärnu is most archaic. Influences from Finnish [fse] and Russian Sign Languages [rsl]. Classification: Deaf sign language

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Estonian, Standard
[ekk] Also in Australia, Canada, Finland, Latvia, Russian Federation, Sweden, United Kingdom, United States. 953,000 in Estonia (1989 census). Population total all countries: 1,018,400. Ethnic population: 963,000 (1989 census). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1992, Constitution, Article 52(1)). Alternate Names: Eesti Dialects: Mulgi, Tallinn (Reval), Tartu (Dorpat). Dialects are grouped into three: Northeastern Coastal Estonian (between Tallinn and Narva), North Estonian (island, western, central, and eastern dialects), and South Estonian (Mulgi, Tartu). All the other dialects are assimilated into Standard Estonian. Related to Võru [vro], Vod [vot] and Finnish [fin]. Classification: Uralic, Finnic Comments: Some linguistic influences from Russian [rus], German [deu], Swedish [swe], Latvian [lav], Lithuanian [lit], and Finnish [fin]. Christian.

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Russian
[rus] 345,000 in Estonia (2000 census). Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, East Comments: 40% of Estonia population (Honolulu Advertiser 1999).

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Võro
[vro] South-East Estonia - Võru and Põlva counties, parts of Valga and Tartu counties (about 10% of Estonia’s territory). 60,000 (2009 S. Iva). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Voro, Võro-Seto, Voru, Võru Dialects: Eastern Võro, Seto, Western Võro. Seto is linguisticaly very close to Eastern Võro but many Setos consider Seto an independent language. There are about 5,000 Seto speakers. Classification: Uralic, Finnic Comments: Christian.

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