Egypt

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Arabic, Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Spoken
[avl] Bedouin regions in Sinai; parts of Red Sea coast, almost to south border; entire east bank. Also in Israel (Levantine Bedawi Spoken Arabic), Jordan (Levantine Bedawi Spoken Arabic), Palestine (Levantine Bedawi Spoken Arabic), Syria (Levantine Bedawi Spoken Arabic). 860,000 in Egypt (2006). Population total all countries: 1,690,000. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Bedawi, Levantine Bedawi Arabic, Levantine Bedawi Spoken Arabic Dialects: North Levantine Bedawi Arabic, Northeast Egyptian Bedawi Arabic, South Levantine Bedawi Arabic. Similar to some Hijazi dialects in northwestern Saudi Arabia. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic Comments: Muslim (Sunni).

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Arabic, Egyptian Spoken
[arz] Also in Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Libya, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates, Yemen. 52,500,000 in Egypt (2006). Population total all countries: 53,990,000. Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Alternate Names: Lower Egypt Arabic, Masri, Massry, Normal Egyptian Arabic Dialects: Cairene Arabic, North Delta Arabic, South Central Delta Arabic. Egyptian Spoken Arabic, based on Cairo speech (Cairene) is the most widely understood variety used for media, both in Egypt and throughout the non-nomadic Arab world. It is an amalgam of Delta Arabic and Middle Egypt Arabic, with borrowings from literary Arabic. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic Comments: Muslim.

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Arabic, Sa’idi Spoken
[aec] Cairo south edge to Sudan border. Middle Egypt in Bani Sweef, Fayyuum, and Gizeh; Upper Egypt from Asyuut to Edfu and south. 19,000,000 (2006). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Sa’idi, Upper Egypt Arabic Dialects: Middle Egypt Arabic, Upper Egypt Arabic. Similar to Sudanese Arabic [apd], especially in the south, but heavily influenced by Cairene Arabic (Cairo speech). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic Comments: Some might be in Libya or the Gulf.

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Arabic, Standard
[arb] Widespread. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1971, Constitution, Article 2). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic

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Arabic, Western Egyptian Bedawi Spoken
[ayl] Bedouin regions from Alexandria edge west to Libya border; some in western oases. 315,500 in Egypt (2002). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Bedawi, Libyan Spoken Arabic, Maghrebi Arabic, Sulaimitian Arabic Dialects: Eastern Libyan Arabic, Southern Libyan Arabic, Tripolitanian Arabic, Western Egyptian Bedawi Arabic. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic Comments: Muslim (Sunni).

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Bedawiyet
[bej] 77,000 in Egypt (1993). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Bedawi, Beja Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic, North

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Coptic
[cop] No known L1 speakers. Status: 9 (Dormant). Alternate Names: Neo-Egyptian Dialects: Bohairic, Sahidic. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Egyptian

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Domari
[rmt] Ghagar mainly in Dakahlia Governorate, north of Cairo. 2,280,000 in Egypt (2006). Muslim Gypsies in Egypt: 1,080,000. Status: 8a (Moribund). Dialects: Helebi, Nawar (Ghagar). Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Dom Comments: Muslim.

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Egypt Sign Language
[esl] Status: 6a (Vigorous). Classification: Deaf sign language

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Kenzi
[xnz] Upper Nile Valley, Aswan, Kom Ombo, scattered in various cities. 450,000 (2006). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Kenuz, Kenuzi, Kunuz, Kunuz Nubian, Kunuzi, Mattokki Dialects: Similar to Andaandi [dgl]. Classification: Nilo-Saharan, Eastern Sudanic, Eastern, Nubian, Central Comments: Ethnonym: Kunuz or Kunuz Nubian. Muslim.

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Nobiin
[fia] Mainly near Kom Ombo; scattered in cities. 310,000 in Egypt (2006). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Fadicca, Fadicha, Fadija, Fedicca, Fedija, Fiadidja, Fiadidja-Mahas, Fiyadikkya, Mahas, Mahas-Fiadidja, Nile Nubian, Sukot Dialects: Fiyadikka. Classification: Nilo-Saharan, Eastern Sudanic, Eastern, Nubian, Northern Comments: The language is the central feature of Nubian identity. Spoken by the Fedicca in Egypt and the Mahas in Sudan. Muslim.

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Siwi
[siz] Northwest Desert, Siwa Oasis; several isolated villages in west oasis. 30,000 (2006). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Oasis Berber, Sioua, Siwa, Zenati Dialects: Not closely related to other Berber languages. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Eastern, Siwa Comments: Muslim.

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