Egypt

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Arabic, Algerian Spoken
[arq] 1,440,000 in Egypt (2014). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Arabic, Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Spoken
[avl] Mainly Bedouin regions in Sinai, Janub Sina’ and Shamal Sina’ governorates; parts of Red Sea coast, almost to south border, east bank, Bur Sa’id, Al Isma’iliyah, As Suways, and Al Bahr al Ahmar governorates. 931,000 in Egypt (2014). Total users in all countries: 1,807,000. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Bedawi, Levantine Bedawi Arabic, Levantine Bedawi Spoken Arabic. Dialects: Northeast Egyptian Bedawi Arabic, South Levantine Bedawi Arabic, North Levantine Bedawi Arabic. Similar to some Hijazi dialects in northwestern Saudi Arabia. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Muslim.

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Arabic, Egyptian Spoken
[arz] Widespread. 56,400,000 in Egypt (2014). Total users in all countries: 58,412,000. Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Alternate Names: Lower Egypt Arabic, Masri, Massry, Normal Egyptian Arabic. Dialects: North Delta Arabic, South Central Delta Arabic, Cairene Arabic. Egyptian Spoken Arabic, based on Cairo speech (Cairene) is the most widely understood variety used for media, both in Egypt and throughout the non-nomadic Arab world. It is an amalgam of Delta Arabic and Middle Egypt Arabic, with borrowings from literary Arabic. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Muslim.

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Arabic, Gulf Spoken
[afb] 1,350,000 in Egypt (2014). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: ’Arabi. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Arabic, Moroccan Spoken
[ary] 1,440,000 in Egypt (2014). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Darija. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Arabic, Sa’idi Spoken
[aec] Widespread; Cairo to Sudan border. 20,300,000 (2014). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Sa’idi, Upper Egypt Arabic. Dialects: Middle Egypt Arabic, Upper Egypt Arabic. Reportedly similar to Sudanese Arabic [apd], especially in the south, but heavily influenced by Cairene Arabic (Cairo speech). A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Some might be in Libya or the Gulf.

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Arabic, Standard
[arb] Widespread. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1971, Constitution, Article 2). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Arabic, Western Egyptian Bedawi Spoken
[ayl] Bedouin regions along Mediterranean coast, west to Libya border, Al Buhayrah, Al Iskandariyah, and Matruh governorates ; also in western oases, Al Wadi al Jadid, Al Qahirah, Al Fayyum, Bani Suwayf, and Al Minya governorates. 339,000 in Egypt (2014). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Bedawi, Libyan Spoken Arabic, Maghrebi Arabic, Sulaimitian Arabic. Dialects: Western Egyptian Bedawi Arabic, Tripolitanian Arabic, Southern Libyan Arabic, Eastern Libyan Arabic. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Muslim.

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Bedawiyet
[bej] Southeast, Al Bahr al Ahmar Governorate; east coast, Red Sea, from just north of Marsa al ’Alam south to administrative boundary. 77,000 in Egypt (1993). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Bedawi, Bedàwie, Beja, Tu Bdhaawi. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic, North.

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Coptic
[cop] Al Wadi al Jadid Governorate. No known L1 speakers. Status: 9 (Dormant). Alternate Names: Neo-Egyptian. Dialects: Bohairic, Sahidic. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Egyptian.

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Domari
[rmt] Ad Daqahliyah governorate: north of Cairo. 280,000 in Egypt (2015). Ethnic population: 1,350,000 (2006). Muslim Gypsies in Egypt: 1,080,000. Total users in all countries: 280,270. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Dom. Dialects: Nawar (Ghagar), Helebi. Dialects in Iran may be highly divergent from one another. Not intelligible to Romani speakers. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Intermediate Divisions, Western, Dom. Comments: Muslim.

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Egyptian Sign Language
[esl] Scattered. 474,000 (2014 IMB). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Egypt Sign Language, ESL. Dialects: None known. Cairo, Upper Egypt. Survey needed. Does not appear to be related to other sign languages in the region. Classification: Sign language. Comments: Taught as an L2. Muslim, Christian.

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Mattokki
[xnz] Aswan governorate: Lake Nasser northern tip, and near Kom Ombo, 50 km north of Aswan city; Al Wadi al Jadid governorate: scattered in various cities. 50,000 (2014), decreasing. Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Kenuz, Kenuzi, Kenzi, Kunuz, Kunuz Nubian, Kunuzi. Dialects: None known. Reportedly similar to Andaandi [dgl]. Classification: Nilo-Saharan, Satellite-Core, Core, Eastern Sudanic, Northern (k languages), Nubian, Central. Comments: Muslim.

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Nobiin
[fia] Aswan governorate: Kom Ombo area; shares area with Mattokki [xnz]; scattered in cities. 339,000 in Egypt (2014). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Fadicca, Fadicha, Fadija, Fedicca, Fedija, Fiadidja, Fiadidja-Mahas, Fiyadikkya, Mahas, Mahas-Fiadidja, Nile Nubian, Sukot. Dialects: Fiyadikka. Classification: Nilo-Saharan, Satellite-Core, Core, Eastern Sudanic, Northern (k languages), Nubian, Northern. Comments: Non-indigenous. The language is the central feature of Nubian identity. Spoken by the Fedicca in Egypt and the Mahas in Sudan. Muslim.

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Siwi
[siz] Northwest desert, Matruh governorate: Siwa oasis; several isolated villages in Gara oasis. 20,000 in Egypt (2013). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Oasis Berber, Sioua, Siwa, Zenati. Dialects: None known. Not closely related to other Berber languages. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Eastern, Siwa. Comments: Muslim.

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