Spain

Print
Official Name
Kingdom of Spain, Reino de España
Population
46,816,000
General Remarks
Under the 1978 constitution all Spanish provinces organized themselves into 19 autonomous communities, including the northwest African cities of Ceuta and Melilla. Only those communities have the constitutional authority to designate official regional languages alongside Spanish. Spain continues to have a political association with the Canary Islands
Principal Languages
Spanish
Literacy Rate
97% (2010 UNESCO)
Immigrant Languages
Arabic (200,000), Chinese (20,000), Fa d’Ambu (600), Iranian Persian (25,000), Kabuverdianu (10,000), Vlax Romani (1,000)
Deaf Population
120,000–2,384,000
Deaf Institutions
129
General References
Agard 1984; Comrie 1987; Stephens 1976
Language Counts
The number of individual languages listed for Spain is 15. All are living languages. Of these, 4 are institutional, 2 are developing, 4 are vigorous, and 5 are in trouble.