Finland

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Official Name
Republic of Finland, Republiken Finland
Population
5,427,000
Principal Languages
Finnish, Swedish
Literacy Rate
100% (2011 USDS)
Immigrant Languages
English (4,500), Northern Kurdish (1,290), Romanian (1,000), Russian (31,000), Somali (3,100), Tatar (800), Turkish (1,000)
Deaf Population
8,000 (Van Cleve 1986)
Deaf Institutions
44
General References
Comrie 1987; Salminen 1993, 1997, 2007; Stephens 1976
Language Counts
The number of individual languages listed for Finland is 12. All are living languages. Of these, 3 are institutional, 3 are developing, 2 are vigorous, 2 are in trouble, and 2 are dying.