Fiji

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[eng] 6,000 in Fiji (Crystal 2003). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (2000, Constitution, Article 4(1)), dominant language in commerce, education, government. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English

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Fijian
[fij] East half of Viti Levu and eastern offshore islands, Kadavu island, Vanua Levu and offshore islands, Nayau, Lakeba, Oneata, Moce, Komo, Namuka, Kabara, Vulaga, Ogea, and Vatoa islands. 330,000 in Fiji (1996 census). 10,000 in Kadavu (1,500 Nabukelevu), 20,000 in Northeast Viti Levu. Population total all countries: 337,320. L2 users: 320,000 in Fiji (1991 UBS). Status: 4 (Educational). Statutory language of national identity (2000, Constitution, Article 4(1)). Alternate Names: Eastern Fijian, Fiji, Standard Fijian Dialects: Bau (Bauan, Mbau), Central Vanua Levu (Baaravi, Nabalebale, Savusavu, Seaqaaqaa), Kadavu (Nabukelevu, Ono, Tavuki), Northeast Vanua Levu (Dogotuki Saqani, Korolau, Labasa), Northeast Viti Levu (Lovoni, Namena, Tokaimalo), Southeast Vanua Levu (Baumaa, Navatu-C, Naweni, Tunuloa), Southeast Viti Levu (Lutu, Naimasimasi, Nandrau, Waidina), West Vanua Levu (Bua, Navakasiga, Navatu-B, Soolevu). Southern Vanua Levu has several dialects similar to Bau dialect. On Northern Vanua, Levu, and adjacent islands people speak a somewhat related variety. Bau is very similar to standard Fijian, used as traditional lingua franca among Fijians. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, East Fijian Comments: Christian, traditional religion.

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Fijian, Western
[wyy] Western Viti Levu, Waya islands. 57,000 (1977 P. Lincoln). 38,500 in Waya (Waya and Ba-Navosa), 18,500 in Nadroga. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Fiji, Nadrogaa Dialects: Nuclear Western Fijian (Baaravi, Nadrogaa, Tubaniwai), Waya (Magodro, Nakoroboya, Noikoro). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, West Fijian-Rotuman, West Fijian

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Gone Dau
[goo] East, Gone and Dau islands off western Vanua Levu. 690 (2000). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Gonedau Dialects: Dialect chain from Gone Dau to Bau (standard) Fijian [fij]. Though speakers learn standard Fijian, it is not inherently intelligible. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, East Fijian

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Hindi, Fiji
[hif] 380,000 in Fiji (1991 UBS). Status: 3 (Wider communication). Statutory language of national identity (2000, Constitution, Article 4(1)). Alternate Names: Fiji Hindustani, “Fijian Hindi” (pej.), “Fijian Hindustani” (pej.) Dialects: No significant regional variation. A type of Awadhi [awa], also influenced by Bhojpuri [bho]. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, East Central zone Comments: Brought by British as indentured laborers from 1879 until 1920s. Hindu, Muslim.

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Kiribati
[gil] 5,300 in Fiji (1988). 3,000 or more Banaban. Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Gilbertese, Ikiribati Dialects: Banaban. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Micronesian, Micronesian Proper, Ikiribati Comments: Christian.

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Lauan
[llx] Eastern islands: Lau, Nayau, Lakeba, Oneata, Moce, Komo, Namuka, Kabara, Vulaga, Ogea and Vatoa. 16,000 (Geraghty and Pawley 1981). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Lau Dialects: Lau, Vanua Balavu. Middle East Fijian dialect chain; a subgroup of dialects. Similarities to Bau Fijian; may be inherently intelligible with it. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, East Fijian Comments: Traditional religion.

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Lomaiviti
[lmv] Islands east of Viti Levu: Koro, Makogai, Levuka, Ovalau, Batiki, Nairai, Gau. 1,630 (2000). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, East Fijian

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Namosi-Naitasiri-Serua
[bwb] Namosi, Serua, Naitasiri provinces. 1,630 (2000). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Namosi-Naitaasiri-Seerua Dialects: Batiwai, Nalea, Tubai. Namosi is a divergent variety of West Fijian. Dialects listed may be separate languages. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, West Fijian-Rotuman, West Fijian

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Rotuman
[rtm] Rotuma Island. 9,000 (1991 UBS). 2,500 on Rotuma, 300 overseas (1990 J. Vamarasi). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Rotuna, Rutuman Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, West Fijian-Rotuman, Rotuman

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