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Alsatian
[gsw] Alsace and Lorraine regions: south and west bank of Rhine river. 1,500,000 in France (Comrie 1987). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Recognized language (2013, No. 595), Education. Alternate Names: Alemannic, Alemannisch, Alsacien, Elsaessisch. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, German, Upper German, Alemannic. Comments: No standardized form of Alsatian, but a variety of village dialects. Christian.

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Arpitan
[frp] Rhône-Alpes region: Savoy, Ain, Rhone, Loire, northern and central Isere departments; Franche-Comté, southern Jura and Doubs departments; Bourgogne, Saone-et-Loire and Haute-Alpes departments; border area of Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur region. 60,000 in France (Salminen 2007). Total users in all countries: 137,000. Status: 8a (Moribund). Recognized language (2013, Law No. 595), Education. Alternate Names: Francoprovençal, Patois. Dialects: Dauphinois, Lyonnais, Neuchatelais, Savoyard. Structurally distinct from French, Piemontese [pms], and Lombard [lmo] (1985 F. Agard). In Switzerland, every canton has its own dialect, with no standardization. Difficult intelligibility among dialects, especially Fribourg. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, Southeastern.

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Basque
[eus] Aquitaine region: Pyrenees Atlantiques province, Labourd (Lapurdi) and Basse-Navarre departments, Bayonne and Soule areas; border with Spain. 76,200 in France (1991). 45,000 Labourdin, 22,500 Lower Navarro, 8,700 Souletin. Ethnic population: 730,000 (Johnstone 1993). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Recognized language (2013, No. 595), Education. Alternate Names: Euskara. Dialects: Navarrese-Labourtan (Bajo Navarro Occidental, Bajo Navarro Oriental, Benaffarera, Eastern Low Navarrese, Labourdin, Lapurdiera, Nafar-lapurtera, Navarro-Labourdin, Western Low Navarrese), Souletin (Souletino, Suberoan, Suletino, Xiberoera, Zuberera, Zuberoera). Classification: Language isolate. Comments: Christian.

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Breton
[bre] Bretagne region: Finistere, western Cotes-d’Armor, and western Morbihan departments; elsewhere dispersed. 206,000 (2013 R. Milin), decreasing. Status: 7 (Shifting). Recognized language (2013, No. 595), Education. Alternate Names: Berton, Brezhoneg. Dialects: Leoneg (Leonais), Tregerieg (Tregorrois), Gwenedeg (Vannetais), Kerneveg (Cornouaillais). Classification: Indo-European, Celtic, Insular, Brythonic. Comments: In 1914 reportedly 90% (about 1 million) of the population of the western half of Brittany spoke Breton. In 1945 it was about 75%, and today, in all of Brittany the most optimistic estimate would be that 20% of Bretons can speak Breton. Brittany has a population of roughly 4 million, including the department of Loire-Atlantique separated from official Brittany in 1941.

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Caló
[rmq] Midi-Pyrénées region. 15,000 in France. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Gitano, Iberian Romani. Dialects: Catalonian Caló, Spanish Caló. Classification: Mixed language, Iberian-Romani. Comments: Non-indigenous. Christian.

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Catalan
[cat] Languedoc-Roussillon region: Pyrenees-Orientales department. 100,000 in France (1996). Population may include L2 speakers. Status: 5 (Dispersed). Recognized language (2013, No. 595), Education. Alternate Names: Català. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, East Iberian.

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Corsican
[cos] Corsica region; also possibly in Paris, Marseilles, other urban centers. 30,000 in France (2009), decreasing. On Corsica, 125,000 people have some command of Corsican. Total users in all countries: 31,000. Status: 4 (Educational). Statutory provincial working language in Corsica (2002, Act. No. 2002-92 (22 Jan) on Corsica, Article 7), mainly used in education. Alternate Names: Corse, Corsi, Corso, Corsu. Dialects: Sartenais, Vico-Ajaccio, Northern Corsican (Bastia, Cape Cors), Venaco. Lexical similarity: 79%–89% with Bastia, Venaco, Vico, and Sartene dialects. Bonifacio on the southern tip of the island has 78% lexical similarity (highest) with Bastia at extreme north. Ajaccio dialect is central and prestigious. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Southern, Corsican.

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Erromintxela
[emx] Aquitaine region. 500 in France (2009 J. McLaughlin). Total users in all countries: 1,000. Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Basque Caló, Caló Vasco. Classification: Mixed language, Basque-Romani.

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French
[fra] 60,000,000 in France (European Commission 2012). L2 users: 2,900,000 in France (2010). Total users in all countries: 229,217,640 (as L1: 75,917,870; as L2: 153,299,770). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1958, Consitution, Article 2.1). Alternate Names: Français. Dialects: Standard French, Norman (Normand), Angevin, Berrichon, Bourbonnais, Bourguignon, Franc-Comtois, Gallo, Poitevin, Lorraine, Saintongeais. Lexical similarity: 89% with Italian [ita], 80% with Logudorese Sardinian [src], 78% with Romansch [roh], 75% with Portuguese [por], Romanian [ron], and Spanish[spa], 29% with German [deu], 27% with English [eng]. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French. Comments: Christian.

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French Sign Language
[fsl] Scattered. 100,000 in France (2014 EUD). 169,000 (2014 IMB). Of these, approximately 1,000 use Marseille Sign Language (Sallagoity 1975). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Langue des signes française, LSF. Dialects: Marseille Sign Language (Southern French Sign Language). Marseille Sign Language (Southern French Sign Language), is used in Marseille, Toulon, La Ciotat and Salon de Provence. Many sign languages have been derived from or influenced by LSF, but are not necessarily intelligible with it. When Deaf and hearing people interact in sign, they use a mixture of elements drawn from LSF and French, and deaf people themselves vary in how much their signing is influenced by French. Lexical similarity: 58% with American Sign Language [ase] in an 872-word list (Woodward 1978a). Classification: Sign language. Comments: Promoted by the educational efforts of Charles Michel de l’Épée in the 18th century and one of the first sign languages in the western world to gain recognition as an actual language. Consequently it has influenced several other sign languages, especially in Europe and the Americas. 360 working sign language interpreters (2014 EUD). Taught as an L2 to parents and others. Christian.

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Italian
[ita] Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur and Rhône-Alpes regions: Nice, Savoy, and Provence. 829,000 in France (2008 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Italo-Dalmatian. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Ligurian
[lij] Corsica region: Bonifacio town; Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur region: between Italy and Monaco borders. 300–400 in Corsica (Salminen 2007). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Recognized language (2013, No. 595), Education. Alternate Names: Ligure. Dialects: Genoese (Genoan, Genovese). Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Italian.

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Luxembourgish
[ltz] Lorraine region: Moselle river area, Germany border to Luxembourg, Thionville. 40,000 in France (2001 J. Nousse). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Recognized language (2013, No. 595), Education. Alternate Names: Frankish, Luxembourgeois, Platt. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, German, Middle German, West Middle German, Moselle Franconian.

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Lyons Sign Language
[lsg] Rhône-Alpes region: Lyons city. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Dialects: None known. 405 km from Paris, but reportedly little intelligibility with French Sign Language [fsl]. Classification: Sign language. Comments: Very little information about it is available. Survey needed to determine if it is still used, and if so, what is its relationship to French Sign Language [fsl].

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Norman French
[nrf] Basse-Normandie: Manche department (Cotentinais dialect) and Calvados and Orne departments (Augeron dialect); Haute-Normandie: Seine-Maritime department (Cauchois dialect). 17,000 in France (2015 M. Jones). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Dialects: Cotentinais, Cauchois, Augeron. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Occitan
[oci] Aquitaine, Midi-Pyrénées, and Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur regions: Languedoc-Roussillon except for Pyrenees-Orientales department; Auvergne region: Puy-de-Dome, Cantal, and Haute-Loire departments; Rhône-Alpes region: Loire, Drome, Isere, and Ardeche departments; Limousin region: Haute-Vienne and Correze departments; Poitou-Charentes region: Charentes department. 110,000 in France (Bernissan 2012). Total users in all countries: 218,310. Status: 6b (Threatened). Recognized language (2013, No. 595), Education. Alternate Names: Occitani. Dialects: Auvergnat (Auverne, Auvernhas), Gascon, Languedocien (Langadoc, Languedoc, Lengadoucian), Limousin (Lemosin), Provençal (Alpine Provençal, Mistralien, Prouvençau). Highly fragmented dialect situation, with limited intelligibility between some varieties. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, Oc.

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Picard
[pcd] Picardy region: Amiens, Abbeville, Beauvais, Saint Quentin; Nord-Pas-de-Calais region: Lille, Douai, Cambrai, Arras, Valenciennes, Boulogne sur Mer, Calais (except Dunkerque district); Haute-Normandie region: near Dieppe, Picardie border. Total users in all countries: 200,000. Status: 5 (Developing). Recognized language (2013, No. 595), Education. Alternate Names: Chtimi, Rouchi. Dialects: Ponthieu, Vimeu, Hainaut, Artois, Lillois, Boulonnais, Santerre, Calaisis, Cambresis, Vermandois, Amienois (Amies). All dialects, including those in Belgium, are mutually inherently intelligible. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French. Comments: Christian.

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Portuguese
[por] Scattered. Aquitaine region: Bordeaux; Corsica region; Île-de-France region: Paris; Midi-Pyrénées region: Toulouse; Nord-Pas-de-Calais region: Roubaix, near Belgian border. 959,000 in France (2008 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Portuguese-Galician. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Romani, Sinte
[rmo] 28,400 in France (2000). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Romanes, Sinti, Tsigane. Dialects: Manouche (Manuche, Manush). Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Intermediate Divisions, Western, Romani, Northern. Comments: Non-indigenous. Ethnic group: Sasítka Romá. Christian.

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Shuadit
[sdt] Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur region: Avignon area. No known L1 speakers. Status: 10 (Extinct). Alternate Names: Judeo-Comtadine, Judeo-Provençal, Shuadi. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, Oc.

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Spanish
[spa] Aquitaine region: Bordeaux; Île-de-France region: Paris; Midi-Pyrénées region: Toulouse; Rhône-Alpes region: Lyon; Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur region: Nice and Marseiiles. 452,000 in France (2010). L2 users: 8,400,000 in France (European Commission 2012). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Castillan. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Castilian. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Vlaams
[vls] Nord-Pas-de-Calais region: Dunkerque area and southeast to Belgium border. 10,000 in France (1993 M. Evenhuis). Status: 7 (Shifting). Recognized language (2013, No. 595), Education. Alternate Names: Frans Vlaams, Vlaemsch, Vlamingen. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, Low Saxon-Low Franconian, Low Franconian. Comments: Dutch [nld] sometimes referred to as Vlaams. Different orthographies used in the 3 countries. Christian.

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Zarphatic
[zrp] Alsace and Lorraine regions: Moselle and Rhineland. No known L1 speakers. Status: 10 (Extinct). Alternate Names: Judeo-French. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French.

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