United Kingdom

Print
Official Name
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Population
63,182,000
Principal Languages
English
Literacy Rate
99% (2011 USDS)
Immigrant Languages
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic (5,000), Bengali (400,000), Eastern Panjabi (471,000), Greek (200,000), Gujarati (140,000), Hakka Chinese (10,000), Hebrew (8,000), Hindi (480,000), Iranian Persian (12,000), Italian (200,000), Japanese (12,000), Kashmiri (115,000), Malayalam (21,000), Maltese (40,900), Mandarin Chinese (12,000), Mirpur Panjabi (20,000), Morisyen (1,000), Moroccan Spoken Arabic (5,800), Northern Kurdish (23,800), Parsi (75,000), Portuguese (17,000), Shelta (30,000), Sindhi (25,000), Somali (1,600), Southern Pashto (87,000), Southwestern Caribbean Creole English (170,000), Standard Estonian (14,000), Standard Latvian (12,000), Sylheti (300,000), Tagalog (74,000), Ta’izzi-Adeni Spoken Arabic (29,000), Turkish (60,000), Urdu (400,000), Vietnamese (22,000), Western Panjabi (103,000), Yoruba (12,000), Yue Chinese (300,000)
Deaf Population
909,000–3,525,000 (1998)
Deaf Institutions
468 in England, 2 in Northern Ireland, 14 in Scotland, 34 in Wales
General References
Comrie 1987; Hancock 1974, 1984; McCrum, Cran, and MacNeil 1986; Stephens 1976; Trudgill 1984
Language Counts
The number of individual languages listed for United Kingdom is 13. All are living languages. Of these, 4 are institutional, 3 are developing, 2 are vigorous, 1 is in trouble, and 3 are dying.