United Kingdom

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Official Name
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Population
61,792,000
General Remarks
Includes Saint Helena [SH] and the Falkland Islands [FK]. The Falkland Islands is a self-governing overseas territory politically associated with the United Kingdom, whose sovereignty is challenged by Argentina
National Languages
English
Literacy Rate
99% (2011 USDS)
Immigrant Languages
Afrikaans, Assyrian Neo-Aramaic (5,000), Bengali (400,000), Eastern Panjabi (471,000), Greek (200,000), Gujarati (140,000), Hakka Chinese (10,000), Hebrew (8,000), Hindi (480,000), Iranian Persian (12,000), Italian (200,000), Japanese (12,000), Judeo-Iraqi Arabic, Kashmiri (115,000), Leeward Caribbean Creole English, Lithuanian, Malayalam (21,000), Maltese (40,900), Mandarin Chinese (12,000), Mirpur Panjabi (20,000), Morisyen (1,000), Moroccan Spoken Arabic (5,800), Northern Kurdish (23,800), Northern Pashto, Northern Zazaki, Parsi (75,000), Portuguese (17,000), Seraiki, Shelta (30,000), Sindhi (25,000), Somali (1,600), Southern Pashto (87,000), Southwestern Caribbean Creole English (170,000), Standard Estonian (14,000), Standard Latvian (12,000), Sylheti (300,000), Tagalog (74,000), Ta’izzi-Adeni Spoken Arabic (29,000), Tamil, Turkish (60,000), Urdu (400,000), Vietnamese (22,000), Western Panjabi (103,000), Yoruba (12,000), Yue Chinese (300,000)
Deaf Population
909,000–3,524,725 (1998)
Deaf Institutions
468 in England, 2 in Northern Ireland, 14 in Scotland, 34 in Wales
General References
Comrie 1987; Hancock 1974, 1984; McCrum, Cran, and MacNeil 1986; Stephens 1976; Trudgill 1984
Language Counts
The number of individual languages listed for United Kingdom is 13. All are living languages. Of these, 4 are institutional, 3 are developing, 3 are vigorous, 1 is in trouble, and 2 are dying.