[arw] Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni District, Northeast and Cayenne area, Balaté, Saint-Sabat, Larivot, and Sainte-Rose de Lima communities. 150 in French Guiana. Ethnic population: 350 (Crevels 2007). Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Lokono Classification: Maipurean, Northern, Maritime, Ta-Maipurean
[djk] Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni district: along Suriname border, St. Laurent and Mana. Kourou, Cayenne islands, Iracoubo, Macuria, Sinnemarie. 18,000 in French Guiana (2011 SIL), increasing. 6,000 monolinguals. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Businenge Tongo, Businengee Tongo, Eastern Maroon Creole, Ndyuka, Nenge, Nenge Tongo, Nengee, Nengee Tongo, “Taki-Taki” (pej.) Dialects: Aluku, Pamaka. Classification: Creole, English based, Atlantic, Suriname, Ndyuka Comments: Christian.
[car] Cayenne and Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni districts: Northwest coast, along Maroni and lower Mana rivers east of Maroni river mouth, Iracoubo and Organabo areas between Kourou and Mana. 1,200 in French Guiana. 0 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 2,000 (Crevels 2007). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Caribe, Cariña, Galibi, Kalihna, Kalin’a, Kalinya Dialects: Tyrewuju (Eastern Carib). Classification: Cariban
[eme] Cayenne district: Brazil border area, at the confluence of Camopi and Oiapock rivers; Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni district: Maroni river area, on Suriname border. 400 (2001), increasing. Ethnic population: 400 (Crevels 2007). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Emereñon, Emerilon, Melejo, Mereo, Mereyo, Teco, Teko Dialects: None known. Mutually intelligible with Wayampi [oym]. Classification: Tupian, Tupí-Guaraní, Wayampí, Wayampí Comments: Some borrowing from Wayana [way] or Carib [car]. Intermarriage with Wayana or Wayampi [oym].
[fra] L2 users: 146,000 in French Guiana (Francophonie 2007). All speak French [fra] as L1 or L2. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1958, French Constitution, Article 2). Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French
French Sign Language
Guianese Creole French
[gcr] Widespread. 50,000 (1977 SIL). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: French Guianese Creole French, Guyanais, Guyane, Guyane Creole, Patois, Patwa Dialects: None known. All French creoles of the Caribbean are somewhat mutually inherently intelligible (Goodman 1964). Intelligibility of Saint Lucia Creole [acf] is 78%, of Karipuna Creole [kmv] (Brazil) is 77%. Classification: Creole, French based
[oym] Cayenne district: upper Oyapock river, 2 settlements, one near Camopi, the other south along Oyapock headwaters. 650 in French Guiana (2000 SIL), increasing. 120 Camopí and Masikilí on middle Oyapock River, and 180 in 3 villages on upper Oyapock around Trois-Sauts (Grenand 1980). Ethnic population: 1,200. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Oiampí, Oiumpian, Oyampí, Oyapí, Wajapi, Wayapi, Wayãpi Dialects: Oiyapoque, Wajapuku. Classification: Tupian, Tupí-Guaraní, Wayampí, Wayampí Comments: 2 schools since 1956 and 1971.