[car] Northwest coast, along Maroni and lower Mana rivers east of Maroni river mouth, Iracoubo and Organabo areas between Kourou and Mana. 1,200 in French Guiana. No monolinguals. Ethnic population: 2,000 (Crevels 2007). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Caribe, Cariña, Galibi, Kalihna, Kalin’a, Kalinya Dialects: Tyrewuju (Eastern Carib). Classification: Cariban
Eastern Maroon Creole
[djk] Along Suriname border, St. Laurent and Mana. Kourou, Cayenne islands, Iracoubo, Macuria, Sinnemarie. 18,000 in French Guiana (2011 SIL), increasing. Less than 6,000 monolinguals. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Businenge Tongo, Businengee Tongo, Eastern Maroon Creole, Nenge, Nenge Tongo, Nengee, Nengee Tongo, “Taki-Taki” (pej.) Dialects: Aluku, Ndyuka, Pamaka. Classification: Creole, English based, Atlantic, Suriname, Ndyuka Comments: Christian.
[eme] Maroni river area, on Suriname border; Brazil border area, at the confluence of Camopi and Oiapock rivers. 400 (2001), increasing. Ethnic population: 400 (Crevels 2007). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Emereñon, Emerilon, Melejo, Mereo, Mereyo, Teco, Teko Dialects: Mutually intelligible with Wayampi [oym]. Classification: Tupian, Tupí-Guaraní, Wayampí, Wayampí Comments: Some borrowing from Wayana [way] or Carib [car]. Intermarriage with Wayana or Wayampi [oym].
French Sign Language
Guianese Creole French
[gcr] 50,000 (1977 SIL). Status: 4 (Educational). Alternate Names: French Guianese Creole French, Guyanais, Guyane, Guyane Creole, Patois, Patwa Dialects: All French creoles of the Caribbean are somewhat mutually inherently intelligible (Goodman 1964). Intelligibility of Saint Lucia Creole [acf] is 78%, of Karipuna Creole [kmv] (Brazil) is 77%. Classification: Creole, French based
[oym] Along upper Oyapock river, 2 settlements, one near Camopi, the other south along Oyapock headwaters. 650 in French Guiana (2000 SIL), increasing. 120 Camopí and Masikilí on middle Oyapock River, and 180 in 3 villages on upper Oyapock around Trois-Sauts (Grenand 1980). Ethnic population: 1,200. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Oiampí, Oiumpian, Oyampí, Oyapí, Wajapi, Wayapi, Wayãpi Dialects: Oiyapoque, Wajapuku. Classification: Tupian, Tupí-Guaraní, Wayampí, Wayampí Comments: 2 schools since 1956 and 1971.