Equatorial Guinea

Print
Batanga
[bnm] Bapuku along central coast, south of Mbini to Cabo San Juan. Also in Cameroon. 9,000 in Equatorial Guinea (Johnstone and Mandryk 2001), decreasing. Very few monolinguals. Population total all countries: 15,000. Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Banoho, Banoo, Bano’o, Noho, Nohu, Noku Dialects: Bapuku (Bapuu, Naka, Puku). The Puku are an Ndowe coastal people. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Bube-Benga (A.32) Comments: Different from Batanga [bdu] of South West Region in Cameroon (Balundu-Bima), and the Batanga dialect of Caka [ckx]. Christian, traditional religion.

More Information

Benga
[bng] Corisco Island, Rio Muni. Also in Gabon. 3,900 in Equatorial Guinea (2011 S. Smith), decreasing. No monolinguals. 400 on Corisco Island. Population total all countries: 5,000. Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Boumba, Ndowe Dialects: Related to Batanga [bnm]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Bube-Benga (A.34) Comments: Together with Batanga [bnm] they are called Boumba; Ndowe with Iyassa [yko], One [yko], Mari [yko], Bueko [yko], and Kombe [nui]. A ‘Ndowe’, coastal people. 80% moved to Libreville, Gabon or Bata. Christian, traditional religion.

More Information

Bube
[bvb] Bioko Island, Fernando Po. 51,000 (2011 S. Smith), decreasing. Few monolinguals. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Adeeyah, Adija, Bobe, Boobe, Boombe, Bubi, Ediya, Fernandian Dialects: North Bobe, Southeast Bobe, Southwest Bobe. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Bube-Benga (A.31) Comments: The Adiya names are historical (1800s). Christian, traditional religion.

More Information

Equatorial Guinean Pidgin
[fpe] North central Bioko Island, Fernando Po, Malabo area; Musola, Las Palmas, Sampaca, Basupu, Fiston, and Balveri de Cristo Rey. 6,000 (2011 S. Smith), increasing. Very few monolinguals. Ethnic population: 6,000. Status: 3 (Wider communication). Alternate Names: Criollo, Fernandino, Fernando Po Creole English, Fernando Po Krio, Pichi, Pichinglis, Pidgin de Guinea Ecuatorial, Pidginglis Dialects: Offshoot of Krio [kri] of Sierra Leone; intelligible with Cameroon Pidgin [wes], Nigerian Pidgin [pcm], but it has 20% of its lexical inventory as loanwords from Spanish [spa]. Classification: Creole, English based, Atlantic, Krio Comments: Christian.

More Information

Fa d’Ambu
[fab] Annobón Island, isolated from mainland by 360 km of ocean (2,000); Bioko Island, Malabo (500), a few on continental Equatorial Guinea. Also in Spain. 5,000 in Equatorial Guinea (2010 SIL). No monolinguals. Population total all countries: 5,600. Ethnic population: Almost all. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Annobonense, Annobonés, Annobonese Dialects: Different from Equatorial Guinean Pidgin [fpe] and Crioulo [pov] of Guinea-Bissau and Kabuverdianu. Little variation between Annobonese in Annobón and Malabo. Lexical similarity: 63% with Sãotomense [cri]. 10% of the lexicon comes from Spanish [spa]. Classification: Creole, Portuguese based Comments: Famed swimmers, fishermen, and whalers. Christian.

More Information

Fang
[fan] Widespread. Also in Cameroon, Congo, Gabon, São Tomé e Príncipe. 534,000 in Equatorial Guinea (2011 S. Smith), increasing. Population total all countries: 1,264,900. Status: 3 (Wider communication). Alternate Names: Pahouin, Pamue Dialects: Ntumu, Okak (Ntumu). Intelligible with Bulu [bum] and Ewondo [ewo] in the Beti language subgroup. More similar to Bulu [bum] than Ewondo [ewo]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Yaunde-Fang (A.75) Comments: Ethnic groups are Okak, Ntumu, known as warriors of the jungle. Their knowledge of jungle plants, animals, survival is legendary. Christian, traditional religion.

More Information

French
[fra] Mostly cities. Increasing due to immigration. About 100,000 L2 users. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national working language (1998, Constitution, Article 4(1) as amended). Alternate Names: Français, Francés Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French

More Information

Gyele
[gyi] Coast, northwest corner. 29 in Equatorial Guinea (1998 census). Possibly hundreds more in isolated camps. Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Babinga, Bagiele, Bagyele, Bajele, Bajeli, Bako, Bakola, Bakuele, Bekoe, Bogyel, Bogyeli, Bondjiel, Giele, Gieli, Gyeli, Likoya Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.801) Comments: Pygmies, dispersed in small groups in the forest. Traditional religion.

More Information

Kombe
[nui] Rio Muni coast. 9,200 (2011 SIL). Few monolinguals. Ethnic population: 9,200. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Combe, Ngumbi Dialects: Asonga, Bomudi, Moganda. May be a dialect of Yasa [yko]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Bube-Benga (A.33) Comments: An Ndowe coastal people. Christian, traditional religion.

More Information

Kwasio
[nmg] Bisio in coastal Rio Muni. 13,000 in Equatorial Guinea (2011 SIL). Ethnic population: 11,000 Bisio. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Bujeba, Mabea, Mabi, Mgoumba, Mvumbo, Ngoumba, Ngumba Dialects: Bisio. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.81) Comments: One of 3 groups known as semi-playeros, who function well on the coast and in the jungle. Christian, traditional religion.

More Information

Molengue
[bxc] South tip and Rio Benito, inland. 1,000 (2011 SIL), decreasing. Few monolinguals. Ethnic population: 1,000. Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Balengue, Molendji Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Unclassified Comments: Glossonym: semi-playeros, who function well on the coast and in the jungle. Christian, traditional religion.

More Information

Seki
[syi] Coastal. 11,000 in Equatorial Guinea (Johnstone and Mandryk 2001). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.21)

More Information

Spanish
[spa] Widespread. Few L1 users. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (2011, Constitution, Article 4). Alternate Names: Español Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Castilian Comments: Colonial L2 for most, but a mother tongue to few (city children with parents from two different ethnic groups who do not speak each other’s L1).

More Information

Yasa
[yko] Rio Muni, Yasa in Rio Ntem, 1 Yasa village; Bueko, One and Marry villages. 910 in Equatorial Guinea (2011 S. Smith), decreasing. Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Bongwe, Lyassa, Maasa, Yassa Dialects: Bweko, Iyasa, Marry, One. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Bube-Benga (A.33) Comments: An Ndowe coastal people. Bueko, One and Marry dialects in Equatorial Guinea more similar to Iyassa ([yko] in Cameroon) than to neighboring Kombe [nui]. Christian.

More Information