Guinea-Bissau

Print
Badyara
[pbp] Gabu region. Northeast corner. 4,580 in Guinea-Bissau (2006 World Factbook). Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Badian, Badjara, Badyaranké, Bigola, Gola, Kanjad, Pajade, Pajadinca, Pajadinka Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Northern, Eastern Senegal-Guinea, Tenda Comments: Muslim.

More Information

Bainouk-Gunyuño
[bab] Cacheu region: São Domingos sector. 8,860 (2006 World Factbook). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Bagnoun, Bainuk, Banhum, Banyuk, Banyum, Banyun, Banyung, Elomay, Elunay, Guñuun Dialects: None known. Distinct from Bainouk-Gunyamoolo [bcz] of Senegal and Gambia. Related to Kobiana [kcj] and Kasanga [ccj] of Senegal and Guinea-Bissau. Reportedly more similar to the Ménik [tnr] varieties of eastern Senegal than to Balanta-Kentohe [ble]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Northern, Eastern Senegal-Guinea, Banyun Comments: Muslim, traditional religion.

More Information

Balanta-Kentohe
[ble] Widespread. Central western area, between north and south country borders. 397,000 in Guinea-Bissau (2006 World Factbook). Population total all countries: 423,000. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Alante, Balanda, Balant, Balanta, Balante, Ballante, Belante, Brassa, Bulanda, Frase Dialects: Kantohe (Kentohe, Queuthoe), Mane, Naga, Nhacra (Fora). Naga, Mane, and Kantohe dialects may be separate languages. Distinct from Balanta-Ganja [bjt] in Senegal. Not intelligible with Mansoanka [msw]. Naga and Mane are related on one end, and Nhacra and Kentohe are very closely related on the other end of the dialect chain, with Kentohe and Mane being furthest apart. Mane speakers say they are the same as Balanta Ganja [bjt] of Senegal. (2009 B. Paris). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Northern, Bak, Balant-Ganja Comments: Traditional religion, Christian.

More Information

Bassari
[bsc] Gabu region: Piche sector. Northeast. 510 in Guinea-Bissau (2006 World Factbook). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Ayan, Basari, Biyan, Onëyan, Onian, Oniyan, Wo Dialects: Southern Bassari. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Northern, Eastern Senegal-Guinea, Tenda Comments: Traditional religion, Muslim.

More Information

Bayot
[bda] Cacheu region: São Domingos area, Arrame village. Northwest, along Senegal border. 2,190 in Guinea-Bissau (2006 World Factbook). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Baiot, Bayote, Bayotte, Jola Bayote Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Northern, Bak, Jola, Bayot Comments: Bayot in Guinea-Bissau is different (about 70% the same) from the variety in Senegal. One dialect in Kasu and Arrame villages; the other in Elia, Kulaje, Ijobel, and Nambalan villages. Traditional religion.

More Information

Biafada
[bif] Quinara region: inland surrounding mouth of Rio Grande de Buba; Tombali region: north Catio and Bedanda sectors, into west Quebo sector. 44,900 (2006 World Factbook). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Beafada, Bedfola, Biafar, Bidyola, Dfola, Fada Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 52% with Badyara [pbp]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Northern, Eastern Senegal-Guinea, Tenda Comments: Heavily influenced by Mandinka [mnk]. Muslim.

More Information

Bidyogo
[bjg] Bolama region: Bijago archipelago, Bolama sector nearest mainland, Bubaque sector south, Bubaque, Orango, and Roxa islands, Caravela sector to northwest, Carache, Uno, Caravela islands; other associated islands. Dialects: Anhaki on Roxa, Kagbaaga on Bubaque, Kamona on Caravela and Carache islands, Kajoko on Orango and Uno islands. 29,900 (2006 World Factbook). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Bijago, Bijogo, Bijougot, Bijuga, Budjago, Bugago Dialects: Anhaqui (Anhaki), Formosa, Kagbaaga, Kajoko (Uno), Kamona (Caravela), Karanguna (Orango), Kasuga, Kavrama. Some intelligibility problems reported between dialects, but only Kamona said to be unintelligible to others. Important grammatical differences between Kagbaaga and Anhaqui, Kagbaaga and Kajoko. No information about dialects on Galinhas and Formosa islands. Lexical similarity: Galinhas dialect is 69% similar to Uno dialect; Formosa has highest (75%) with Galinhas, and lowest (55%) with Caravela dialect; Bubaque has 66% with Uno; Canhabaque and Caravela have 62% with Uno; Formosa and Uracane have 81% with Uno. (2009 F. Sabio). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Bijago Comments: Traditional religion, Christian.

More Information

Crioulo, Upper Guinea
[pov] Widespread. 206,000 in Guinea-Bissau (2006 World Factbook), increasing. Population total all countries: 483,400. L2 users: 600,000 in Guinea-Bissau. Status: 5 (Developing). De facto language of national identity. Alternate Names: Guinea-Bissau Creole, Kiryol, Kriulo, Portuguese Creole Dialects: Bafatá Creole, Bissau-Bolama Creole, Cacheu-Ziguinchor Creole. Lexical similarity: with Kabuverdianu [kea]. Classification: Creole, Portuguese based

More Information

Jahanka
[jad] Gabu and Tombali regions. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Classification: Niger-Congo, Mande, Western, Central-Southwestern, Central, Manding-Jogo, Manding-Vai, Manding-Mokole, Manding Comments: Muslim.

More Information

Jola-Felupe
[eja] Cacheu region: São Domingos sector, east of Cape Roxo. Northwest corner. 6,000 in Guinea-Bissau (2012 SIL). Population total all countries: 8,230. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Ediamat, Ejamat, Feloup, Felup, Felupe, Floup, Flup, Fulup Dialects: None known. Lexical similarity: 63% with Jola-Fonyi [dyo] or Jola-Kasa [csk]; 50% with Gusilay [gsl] or Bandial [bqj]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Northern, Bak, Jola, Jola Proper, Jola Central, Her-Ejamat Comments: Traditional religion.

More Information

Jola-Fonyi
[dyo] Cacheu region: Sao Domingos sector. 500 in Guinea-Bissau (2012). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Diola-Fogny, Jola, Jola-Fogny, Kujamataak, Kújoolaak Kati Fooñi Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Northern, Bak, Jola, Jola Proper, Jola Central, Jola-Fonyi

More Information

Kasanga
[ccj] Cacheu region: near Felupe, border area, sparsely populated. Northwest. May be a few elderly speakers left (Dimmendaal and Voeltz 2007). Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Alternate Names: Cassanga, Haal, I-Hadja, Kassanga Dialects: None known. Reportedly similar to Bainouk-Gunyuno [bab]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Northern, Eastern Senegal-Guinea, Nun Comments: Traditional religion.

More Information

Kobiana
[kcj] Northwest, near Banyun and Cacheu. 690 in Guinea-Bissau (2006 World Factbook). Population total all countries: 1,090. Ethnic population: 690. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Buy, Cobiana, Uboi Dialects: None known. Reportedly similar to Bainouk-Gunyuno [bab] and Kasanga [ccj]. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Northern, Eastern Senegal-Guinea, Nun Comments: Traditional religion.

More Information

Mandinka
[mnk] Cacheu region: Sao Domingos, Cacheu, and Bigene sectors; Oio region: Farim and northern Mansaba sectors; Bafata region: Contuboel, northern Gamamundo, Sonaca sectors; Gabu region: Sonaco and Pirada sectors. 167,000 in Guinea-Bissau (2006 World Factbook). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Manding, Mandinga, Mandingo, Mandingue, Mandinque Classification: Niger-Congo, Mande, Western, Central-Southwestern, Central, Manding-Jogo, Manding-Vai, Manding-Mokole, Manding, Manding-West Comments: Muslim.

More Information

Mandjak
[mfv] Cacheu region; Oio region north; Bafata region: Gamamundo sector. 184,000 in Guinea-Bissau (2006 World Factbook). Population total all countries: 310,600. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Kanyop, Mandjaque, Mandyak, Manjaca, Manjack, Manjaco, Manjaku, Manjanku, Manjiak, Mendyako, Ndyak Dialects: Bok (Babok, Sarar, Teixeira Pinto, Tsaam), Cur (Churo), Likes-Utsia (Baraa, Kalkus), Lund, Yu (Pecixe, Pulhilh, Siis). Some dialects may be separate languages. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Northern, Bak, Manjaku-Papel Comments: Traditional religion, Christian, Muslim.

More Information

Mankanya
[knf] Cacheu region: northwest of Bissau; Quinara region: mouth of Rio Grande de Buba; Bolama region: Bolama island; Tombali region: Cacine sector. 44,200 in Guinea-Bissau (2006 World Factbook). Population total all countries: 75,050. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Bola, Mancagne, Mancang, Mancanha, Mankaañ, Mankanha Dialects: Uhula, Uwoh. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Northern, Bak, Manjaku-Papel Comments: Traditional religion, Christian.

More Information

Mansoanka
[msw] Oio region: Mansoa sector, Mantefa area. Central. 15,500 in Guinea-Bissau (2006). Population total all countries: 17,100. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Kunant, Kunante, Mansoanca, Maswanka, Sua Dialects: None known. Not inherently intelligible with Balanta-Kentohe [ble] or Mandinka [mnk], although called, Mandinkanized Balanta. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Southern, Sua Comments: Traditional religion.

More Information

Nalu
[naj] Tombali Region, Cacine river estuary. Southwest near Atlantic coast. 8,830 in Guinea-Bissau (2006). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Nalou Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Northern, Mbulungish-Nalu Comments: Intermarriage in border area with another group. Muslim, traditional religion.

More Information

Papel
[pbo] Biombo region: west of Bissau, Quinhamel area. 136,000 in Guinea-Bissau (2006 World Factbook). Population total all countries: 140,200. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Moium, Oium, Papei, Pepel Dialects: Reportedly similar to Mankanya [knf] and Mandjak [mfv]. 3 dialects. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Northern, Bak, Manjaku-Papel Comments: Traditional religion, Christian.

More Information

Portuguese
[por] Bissau region. 167,000 in Guinea-Bissau (2006). Status: 1 (National). De facto national language. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Portuguese-Galician

More Information

Pulaar
[fuc] Gabu region: central and northern portions; Bafata region: especially south of Geba river; Tombali region: between Aldeia Formosa and Carubel river. Northeast. 265,000 in Guinea-Bissau (2006 World Factbook). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Fulfulde-Pulaar, Peul, Peulh, Pulaar Fulfulde Dialects: Fula de Gabu, Fulacunda (Fula Forro, Fula Preto, Fulakunda, Fulkunda). Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Northern, Senegambian, Fula-Wolof, Fula, Western Comments: Fula Forro are free Fulas; Fulacunda are slave Fulas. Muslim.

More Information

Soninke
[snk] Gabu region: Pirada sector, isolated enclave. Northeast. 5,000 in Guinea-Bissau (LeClerc 2009). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Maraka, Marka, Sarakole, Sarakolle, Sarakule, Sarakulle, Serahule Classification: Niger-Congo, Mande, Western, Northwestern, Soninke-Bobo, Soninke-Boso, Soninke Comments: Trace their origins to Gambia and Mali. Ethnic groups: Aser, Aswanik, Gadyaga, Marka, Markanka, Nono, Saracole, Sarawule, Serahuli, Tonbakai, Wakove. Muslim.

More Information