Croatia Sign Language
[csq] Scattered. 12,000 (2010 Croatian Association of the Deaf and Hard of Hearing). 12,000 signers out of 20,000 deaf (2010 Croatian Association of the Deaf and Hard of Hearing). 13,000 (2014 Union of Deaf of Zagreb). 17,500 (2014 IMB). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: CSL, Hrvatski znakovni jezik, HZJ Dialects: Origin from deaf schools in Austria and Hungary. In the past, regarded as a dialect of Yugoslavian Sign Language [ysl] (Bickford 2005); further research needed. One-handed fingerspelling system is similar to French Sign Language [fsl]. Classification: Deaf sign language Comments: L2 teaching materials, including for medical personnel. The first school for the deaf in Croatia was formed in Zagreb in 1885. 52 interpreters (2014 Union of Deaf of Zagreb). HZJ is recognized by the government and a law to provide educational protection and assistance is before Parliament (2014). L2 teaching materials, including for medical personnel. Christian (Roman Catholic).
[hrv] 4,200,000 in Croatia (European Commission 2006). Population total all countries: 5,609,290. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1990, Constitution, Article 12.1). Alternate Names: Hrvatski Dialects: Chakavski, Kaykavski, Shtokavski (Ijekavski). Shtokavski is official dialect, but others recognized as valid, with much literature. Chakavski in western and northern Croatia, Dalmatian coast, and Adriatic Islands; Kaykavski in northeastern Croatia and Zagreb; dialects in other countries, like Burgenland Croatian in Austria, less intelligible. A member of macrolanguage Serbo-Croatian [hbs]. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, South, Western Comments: Formerly considered part of the Serbo-Croat language. Christian.
[ist] Istrian peninsula, west coast; Rovinj (Rovigno), Bale (Valle), Galižana (Gallesano) and Vodnjan (Dignano) towns. 400 (Salminen 2007). L2 users: 900 (Salminen 2007). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Istro-Romance Dialects: None known. An archaic Romance language, often confused with Istro Romanian [ruo]. Perhaps more similar to Friulian [fur] or Dalmatian than to Istro Romanian. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Italo-Dalmatian
[ita] Istria: Istarska county. 19,600 in Croatia (2001 census). Ethnic population: 30,000 (1998). L2 users: 600,000 in Croatia (European Commission 2006). Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Istria County (2003, Istrian Regional Statute, Article 6), per Italian bilateral treaty 1996. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Italo-Dalmatian
[ruo] Istrian peninsula, Žejane village, villages south. 300 (Salminen 2007). L2 users: 1,100 (Salminen 2007). Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Istrio-Romanian, Istro-Romanian Dialects: None known. Structurally distinct from Romanian [ron] (Agard 1984). Split from the other 3 Romanian languages between 500 and 1000 A.D. Different from Istriot [ist]. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern