[hat] Widespread. Also in Bahamas, Canada, Cayman Islands, Dominican Republic, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Puerto Rico, Saint Martin, Turks and Caicos Islands, United States. 6,960,000 in Haiti (2001). Population total all countries: 7,731,240. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1987, Constitution, Article 5 (1,2)). Alternate Names: Creole, Haitian Creole Dialects: Fablas, Plateau Haitian Creole. Linguistic influences from Wolof [wol] (Benjamin 1956), Fon [fon], and Éwé [ewe] (C. Lefebvre) of West Africa. Classification: Creole, French based Comments: In 1961 granted legal and educational status in Haiti. A growing literature, including poetry. Lower social status than standard French.
Haitian Vodoun Culture Language
[hvc] No known L1 speakers. Status: 9 (Second language only). Alternate Names: Langaj, Langay Classification: Unclassified Comments: Probably not a separate language but consists of a broad spectrum of religious words, songs, and incantations drawing on multiple African languages which are used in Voudoun ceremonies. Some of these are kept secret and used only by initiates. (2012 J. Rigdon).