[ady] 44,300 in Jordan (1986). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Adygey, West Circassian Classification: North Caucasian, West Caucasian, Circassian Comments: City dwellers. Muslim (Sunni).
Arabic, Levantine Bedawi Spoken
[avl] Widespread but especially east. 700,000 in Jordan. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Bedawi Dialects: Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Arabic, North Levantine Bedawi Arabic, South Levantine Bedawi Arabic. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic Comments: The language of Jordan before Palestinian refugees arrived. Remains the language of the army. Muslim (Sunni), Christian.
Arabic, Najdi Spoken
[ars] Small towns, settlements in far eastern Jordan. 50,000 in Jordan. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic
Arabic, South Levantine Spoken
[ajp] 3,500,000 in Jordan (1996). Population total all countries: 6,466,000. Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Alternate Names: Arabic, Levantine Arabic, Palestinian-Jordanian, South Levantine Arabic Dialects: Fellahi, Madani. Village to village difference of which speakers are aware. Newly emerging urban standard dialect based on Amman. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic Comments: Muslim, Christian.
[arb] Widespread. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1952, Constitution, Article 2). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic
[hye] 8,000 in Jordan (1971). Status: 7 (Shifting). Dialects: Western Armenian. Classification: Indo-European, Armenian Comments: Christian.
[che] 2 or 3 villages mixed among Adyghey [ady] and Arabic speakers. 3,000 in Jordan (Johnstone 1993). Status: 5 (Developing). Classification: North Caucasian, East Caucasian, Nakh, Chechen-Ingush Comments: Muslim (Sunni), Muslim (Sufi).
[rmt] 4,910 in Jordan (2000). Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Barake, Gypsy, Kurbat, Middle Eastern Romani, Nawar, Tsigene Dialects: Barake, Kurbat, Nawar. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Dom Comments: Arabic influence. Muslim.
Jordanian Sign Language
[jos] Scattered. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: LIU, Lughat il-Ishaarah il-Urduniyyah Classification: Deaf sign language