Cambodia

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Brao
[brb] Northeast Cambodia, north Ratanakiri Province, especially Ta Veaeng district, north of Sesan river. 9,030 in Cambodia (2008 census). About 2,000 of the Brao counted in the census are Brao Tanap, which is actually more similar to Krung [krr]. 4,520 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 9,030. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Braou, Brou, Lave, Laveh, Love, Proue Dialects: Hamong, Jrii, Ka-nying, Lun, Ombaa. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, West Bahnaric, Brao-Kravet Comments: Krung [krr], Brao [brb], Kavet [krv], and Lun dialect [brb] form a mutually-intelligible cluster. At times, Brao may be used as a cover term for all groups. Traditional religion, Christian.

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Cham, Western
[cja] Near major cities; Kampong Cham and Kampong Chnang along Mekong and Tonle Sap rivers. 204,000 in Cambodia (2008 census). Population total all countries: 246,990. 0 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 400,000. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Cambodian Cham, Cham, New Cham, Tjam Dialects: None known. Cannot communicate with Eastern Cham [cjm] of central Viet Nam. Lexical similarity: 84% with Eastern Cham [cjm] of Vietnam (Pawley 2010), 69% with Jarai [jra] of northeast Cambodia. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Malayo-Chamic, Chamic, Coastal, Cham Comments: Small ethnic groups from Cambodia settled in Thailand but no longer speak Cham (Bradley 2007). Muslim (Sunni).

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Chinese, Hakka
[hak] Stung Treng, Ratanakiri. 500 in Cambodia (2011 SIL). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Classification: Sino-Tibetan, Chinese

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Jarai
[jra] Ratanakiri Province, Bar Kaev, Andoung Meas, Ou Ya Dav districts principally, northeast border near Viet Nam. 20,800 in Cambodia (2008 census). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Chor, Cho-Rai, Chrai, Djarai, Gia-Rai, Gio-Rai, Jorai, Mthur Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Malayo-Chamic, Chamic, Highlands Comments: Traditional religion, Christian.

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Kaco’
[xkk] Ratanakiri Province, Andoung Meas and Veun Sai districts. 3,370 (2007). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Kachah’ Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, North Bahnaric

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Kavet
[krv] Stung Treng and Ratanakiri provinces, Laos-Cambodia border area. 6,220 (2008 census). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Khvek, Kowet, Kravet Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, West Bahnaric, Brao-Kravet

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Khmer, Central
[khm] Widespread. 12,900,000 in Cambodia (2008 census). Population total all countries: 14,224,500. L2 users: 1,000,000 in Cambodia. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1993, Constitution, Article 5). Alternate Names: Cambodian, Khmer Dialects: Battambang Khmer, Cardamom Khmer, Khmer Kandal (Central), Khmer Keh (Stung Treng), Khmer Krom (Southern). Distinct from Northern Khmer [kxm] of Thailand. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Khmer

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Kraol
[rka] Kratie Province. 4,200 (2008 census). 4,200 monolinguals. Status: 6b (Threatened). Dialects: None known. Not intelligible to speakers of Central Mnong [cmo]. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, South Bahnaric, Sre-Mnong, Mnong, Southern-Central Mnong Comments: Different from Kraol dialect of Kuy [kdt].

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Kru’ng 2
[krr] Stung Treng and Ratanakiri provinces, Laos-Cambodia border area. 20,700 (2008 census). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Brao Krung, Kreung Dialects: Brao Tanap, Lun. Brao [brb] and Kavet [krv] are reportedly inherently intelligible with Kru’ng 2. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, West Bahnaric, Brao-Kravet Comments: Different from Krung 1 dialect of Rade [rad] in Viet Nam.

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Kuy
[kdt] Northeast Cambodia, Preah Vihear Province, most districts; east Siem Reap, north Kampong Thom, west Stung Traeng, and Kratie provinces. 10,000 in Cambodia. Ethnic population: 37,700. Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Kuay Dialects: Kuy Ak, Kuy Anthua, Kuy Antra, Kuy May (Kuy Ma’ay), Kuy Mlor. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Katuic, West Katuic, Kuay-Nheu Comments: Central Khmer used in schools. Dialects are based on the use of their word for ‘what’: Kuy Antra (northern Kompong Thom, southern Preah Vihear), Kuy Anthua (central Preah Vihear), Kuy May or Ma’ay (in Kratie), Kuy Mlor (1 village in northern Preah Vihear); only the older people still speak the last 2 dialects.

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Lao
[lao] 21,600 in Cambodia. Status: 6b (Threatened). Classification: Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Tai, Southwestern

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Lao Phuon
[phu] Banteay Meanchey Province, Mongkol Borei district, Pong Ror, Rohat Teak, Ta Sal, Sranal, Prey To Teang, Pouy Ta Sek, Boung Preang, Sdey Leu, Sdey Kraom, and Kok Thnong villages. 1,000 in Cambodia (2013). Ethnic population: 2,000 (2013 SIL). Status: 6b (Threatened). Classification: Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Tai, Southwestern

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Mnong, Central
[cmo] Northeast, 80% of Mondolkiri Province, all districts. 37,500 in Cambodia (2008 census). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Budong, Bunong, Phanong, Phnong, Phong Dialects: Biat, Bu Dang, Bu Nar, Bu Rung, Dih Bri, Preh. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, South Bahnaric, Sre-Mnong, Mnong, Southern-Central Mnong Comments: Biat is main dialect.

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Pear
[pcb] Preah Vihear Province, Rovieng district, 3 to 4 villages. 1,670 (2011). Ethnic population: 1,830 (2008 census). Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Por Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Pearic, Eastern

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Samre
[sxm] No known L1 speakers. Ethnic population: 200 (2000 D. Bradley). Status: 9 (Dormant). Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Pearic, Western, Samre

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Sa’och
[scq] Southwest near Kompong Som on the coast. 10 (2009 Filipi), decreasing. Ethnic population: 450. Status: 8b (Nearly extinct). Alternate Names: Saotch, Sauch Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Pearic, Western, Chong

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Somray
[smu] Pursat Province, north, east, and west of Phum Tasanh, and Tanyong river around Phum Pra Moi; 2 areas. 4,100 (2005 J. Ironside). Status: 8a (Moribund). Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Pearic, Western, Samre

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Stieng, Bulo
[sti] East, Kratie Province, Snuol district, and southern Mondolkiri. 6,540 in Cambodia (2008 census). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Kajiang Dialects: Budip, Bulo. Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, South Bahnaric, Stieng-Chrau

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Suoy
[syo] Kompong Speu Province. 860 (Bradley 2007), decreasing. Status: 7 (Shifting). Alternate Names: Su’ung Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Pearic, Western, Suoy

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Tampuan
[tpu] Northeast border area, Central Ratanakiri Province, south of Brao, west of Jarai. 31,000 in Cambodia (2008 census). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Campuon, Kha Tampuon, Proon, Proons, Tamphuan, Tampuen, Tampuon Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, Central Bahnaric Comments: Exogamous clans, together with Kaco’ and Jarai, override ethnic and linguistic boundaries.

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Thai
[tha] Thai Koh Kong in Koh Kong Province; Thai Norkor Raja in Banteay Meanchey Province. 2,460 in Cambodia (2008 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Dialects: Thai Koh Kong, Thai Norkor Raja (Siam Nokor, Siam Trang). Classification: Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Tai, Southwestern

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Vietnamese
[vie] 72,800 in Cambodia (2008 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Viet-Muong, Vietnamese

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