Lebanon

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Arabic, North Levantine Spoken
[apc] Widespread. 4,180,000 in Lebanon (2013). Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Alternate Names: Lebanese-Syrian Arabic, Levantine Arabic, Syro-Lebanese Arabic. Dialects: North Lebanese Arabic, South Lebanese Arabic (Metuali, Shii), North-Central Lebanese Arabic (Mount Lebanon Arabic), South-Central Lebanese Arabic (Druze Arabic), Standard Lebanese Arabic, Beqaa Arabic, Sunni Beiruti Arabic, Saida Sunni Arabic, Iqlim-Al-Kharrub Sunni Arabic, Jdaideh Arabic. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Muslim, Christian, Druze.

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Arabic, Standard
[arb] Widespread. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1943, Constitution, Article 11). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Armenian
[hye] Centuries-old established presence, Beirut and Tripoli cities; Mont-Liban Governorate, El Metn district, Beirut suburbs Bourj Hammoud and Mezher; Beqaa Governorate, Zahle district, Anjar town; other communities scattered elsewhere. 218,000 in Lebanon (2013). Status: 5 (Dispersed). De facto language of national identity. Alternate Names: Armanski, Ermenice, Haieren, Somkhuri. Dialects: Western Armenian. Classification: Indo-European, Armenian. Comments: Non-indigenous. Christian.

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English
[eng] Scattered. 5,170 in Lebanon (2004 J. Leclerc). Status: 3 (Wider communication). Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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French
[fra] Scattered. 17,900 in Lebanon (2013). L2 users: 1,680,000 in Lebanon (2013). Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French. Comments: Non-indigenous.

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Kurdish, Northern
[kmr] Scattered urban areas, Beyrouth, Liban-Sud (Sidon), and Liban-Nord (Tripoli) givernorates; also in Beqaa Governorate, Bekah Valley. 218,000 in Lebanon (2013). Ethnic population: 215,000. Status: 5 (Dispersed). Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Northwestern, Kurdish. Comments: Non-indigenous. Muslim.

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