Arabic, Libyan Spoken
[ayl] Widespread, especially in the north. 4,000,000 in Libya (2006), increasing. Population total all countries: 4,320,500. Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Alternate Names: Libyan Vernacular Arabic, Sulaimitian Arabic, Western Egyptian Bedawi Spoken Arabic Dialects: Eastern Libyan Arabic, Southern Libyan Arabic, Tripolitanian Arabic. In the west it is reportedly similar to Bedouin Arabic of southern Tunisia [aeb]. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic Comments: Muslim (Sunni).
[arb] Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (2011, Constitutional Declaration, Article 1). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic
[auj] Al Wahat district: east, Cyrenaica. 3,000 (2000). Women are monolingual. Status: 8a (Moribund). Alternate Names: Aoudjila, Augila, Aujila, Awjila Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Eastern, Awjila-Sokna Comments: Outsiders moving into their territory. Muslim (Sunni).
[rmt] Al ‘Aziziyah, north Gharyan, and Tarabulus districts; Northwest coastal area, near Tripoli. 33,000 in Libya (2006). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Dialects: Helebi. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Dom Comments: Muslim.
[gha] Nalut district, Ghadamès, a small oasis near Algeria-Tunisia border. 10,000 in Libya (2006). Population total all countries: 12,000. Status: 6b (Threatened). Dialects: Ayt Waziten (Ait Wazitan), Ayt Welid. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern, Zenati, East Comments: Muslim.
Libyan Sign Language
[lbs] Scattered. 38,000 (2014 IMB). Status: 5 (Developing). Dialects: None known. Unclear how similar it is to other sign languages in the region. Classification: Deaf sign language Comments: Muslim (Sunni).
[jbn] Al Jabal al Gharbi and Nalut districts: Jabal Nafusah area, Tripolitania, Nalut and Yafran areas isolated, Zuara Coast, west of Tripoli. 184,000 in Libya (2006). Population total all countries: 234,000. Preschool children are monolingual in Nafusi. Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Djerbi, Jabal Nafusi, Jbel Nafusi, Jebel Nefusi, Nefusi Dialects: Jerbi (Jerba), Tamezret (Duwinna), Zuara (Zouara, Zuraa, Zuwara, Zuwarah, Zwara). Zuara dialect well known in Jebel Nafusa area and in Jerba Tunisia. Some visit Zuara, but not vice versa. Matmata and Tatawine area less well understood by speakers in Jerba or Zuara. Speakers in Zuara and Jebel areas understand Jerba dialect stories well. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern, Zenati, East Comments: Most live apart from Arabized inhabitants of the region. Muslim (Ibadi).
[swn] Al Jafrah district: Tripolitania. No known L1 speakers. Status: 10 (Extinct). Alternate Names: Sokna, Sokni Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Eastern, Awjila-Sokna
[siz] Al Butnan district: Jaghbub town. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Eastern, Siwa
[thv] Ghat and Murzuq districts; Hoggar dialect: south Hoggar (Ajjer) Mountain area, Tamanrasset area, south into Niger; Ghat dialect: southeast, Ganet and west Libya oases, Ghat area. 17,000 in Libya (2006). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Tamachek, Tamashekin, Tomachek, Tourage, Toureg, Tuareg Dialects: Ghat (Djanet, Ganet), Hoggar (Ahaggaren, Ajjer, Tahaggart). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Tamasheq, Northern Comments: Ethnonym: Tuareg (pl.), Targi (sg.). Muslim.