Arabic, Moroccan Spoken
[ary] North, south of Atlas Mountains, including Sahara port cities. Also in Belgium, Egypt, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Libya, Netherlands, United Kingdom, Western Sahara. 18,800,000 in Morocco (1995). Population total all countries: 21,048,600. Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Alternate Names: Colloquial Arabic, Maghrebi Arabic, Maghribi, Moroccan Arabic, Moroccan Colloquial Arabic, Moroccan Dareja, Moroccan Darija, Moroccan Dereja Dialects: Fez, Jebli (Jbala, Jebelia), Marrakech, Meknes, Oujda, Rabat-Casablanca Arabic, Southern Morocco Arabic, Tangier. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic Comments: Muslim (Sunni).
[gho] Tangier-Tétouan Region, Chechaouen province, area 60 km southeast of Tétouan along Rif Mountains coast. 10,000 (2008 J. Hannouche). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Shilha, Taghumarit, Tamazight Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern, Zenati, Ghomara Comments: Muslim.
Moroccan Sign Language
[xms] Tetouan, other cities. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: MSL Dialects: Algerian Sign Language [asp] influenced the deaf community of 60 to 70 men in north city of Oujda. Lexical similarity: less than 50% with American Sign Language [ase]. Classification: Deaf sign language Comments: Developed from local and introduced signs.
[sjs] West of Tarifit, Ketama area. 40,000 (2011). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Senhaja de Srair, Senhajiya, Shilha, Shilha Barbarya, Shilha n Jbala, Tajeblit, Tamazight, Tamazight n Jbala, Tasenhajit Dialects: Beni Ahmed, Beni Bechir, Beni Buensar, Beni Jennus, Beni Mesdui, Beni Seddat, Quetama (Ketama), Sarcat, Tagsut. A separate language from Tarifit [rif]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern, Zenati, Riff Comments: Shilha is Arabic for Moroccan Berber language varieties in general. Shilha n Jbala or Tamazight n Jbala are commonly used names which mean Berber of the Mountain People. An Arabic name for this is Senhajiya. Muslim.
[shi] Southwest, coast south to Ifni, north to near Agadir, northeast to Marrakech outskirts, east to Draa, including Sous valley, and south near the border. Also in Algeria, France. 3,890,000 in Morocco (2004 census). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Shilha, Soussiya, Southern Shilha, Susiya, Tachilhit, Tashelheyt, Tashelhit, Tashilheet, Tasoussit Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern, Atlas Comments: ‘Shilha’ is the Arabic name for Moroccan Berber varieties in general. Muslim.
Tamazight, Central Atlas
[tzm] Middle Atlas, east High Atlas Mountains, adjacent valleys to Taza, Rabat area. 1,200,000 in rural areas between Taza, Khemisset, Azilal, Errachidia; 100,000 outside the language area. Also in France. 2,340,000 in Morocco (2004 census). 40% monolingual. Population total all countries: 2,490,000. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Central Shilha, Middle Atlas Berber, Shilha, Tachelhit Dialects: Much dialect variety. May be more than 1 language. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern, Atlas Comments: 65% live in rural areas, 10% live outside the traditional area. Muslim.
Tamazight, Standard Moroccan
[rif] North. Dialects from all areas of the Rif. Also in Algeria, Belgium, France, Germany, Netherlands, Spain. 1,270,000 in Morocco (2004 census). Population total all countries: 1,470,000. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Northern Shilha, Rif Berber, Rifeño, Rifia, Rifiya, Shilha, Tamazight, Tamazight n Arrif, Tarifiyt, Tarifyt Berber Dialects: Ayt Aamart, Ayt Buyahyi, Ayt Ittef, Ayt Mezduy, Ayt Saaid, Ayt Settut, Ayt Tamsaman, Ayt Tfarsit, Ayt Tuzin, Ayt Urishesh, Ayt Waryaghar, Ibeqquyen, Icebdanen, Igzennayen, Iqeraayen, Iznasen (Beni Snassen). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern, Zenati, Riff Comments: Rifiya is the Arabic name, Ethnonyms: Rifi (sg.) or Ruafa (pl.), Rif, Riff, or Arrif are geographical names. Muslim.