Arabic, Moroccan Spoken
[ary] North, south of Atlas Mountains, including Sahara port cities. 18,800,000 in Morocco (1995). Population total all countries: 21,048,900. L2 users: 5,000,000 in Morocco. Status: 3 (Wider communication). De facto national working language. Alternate Names: Colloquial Arabic, Maghrebi Arabic, Maghribi, Moroccan Arabic, Moroccan Colloquial Arabic, Moroccan Dareja, Moroccan Darija, Moroccan Dereja Dialects: Fez, Jebli (Jbala, Jebelia), Marrakech, Meknes, Oujda, Rabat-Casablanca Arabic, Southern Morocco Arabic, Tangier. A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic Comments: Muslim (Sunni).
[gho] Tangier-Tétouan Region, Chechaouen province, area 60 km southeast of Tétouan along Rif Mountains coast. 10,000 (2008 J. Hannouche). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Shilha, Taghumarit, Tamazight Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern, Zenati, Ghomara Comments: Muslim.
Moroccan Sign Language
[xms] Tetouan, other cities. Many deaf women do not leave their homes or do not sign in the streets, so it is difficult to determine numbers. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: MSL Dialects: None known. Algerian Sign Language [asp] influenced the deaf community of 60 to 70 men in north city of Oujda. Lexical similarity: less than 50% with American Sign Language [ase]. Classification: Deaf sign language Comments: Developed from local and introduced signs.
[sjs] West of Tarifit, Ketama area. 50,000 (2013). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Senhaja de Srair, Senhajiya, Shilha, Shilha Barbarya, Shilha n Jbala, Tajeblit, Tamazight, Tamazight n Jbala, Tasenhajit Dialects: Beni Ahmed, Beni Bechir, Beni Buensar, Beni Jennus, Beni Mesdui, Beni Seddat, Quetama (Ketama), Sarcat, Tagsut. A separate language from Tarifit [rif]. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern, Zenati, Riff Comments: Shilha is Arabic for Moroccan Berber language varieties in general. Shilha n Jbala or Tamazight n Jbala are commonly used names which mean Berber of the Mountain People. An Arabic name for this is Senhajiya. Muslim.
[shi] Southwest, coast south to Ifni, north to near Agadir, northeast to Marrakech outskirts, east to Draa, including Sous valley, and south near the border. 3,890,000 in Morocco (2004 census). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Shilha, Soussiya, Southern Shilha, Susiya, Tachilhit, Tashelheyt, Tashelhit, Tashilheet, Tashlhiyt, Tasoussit Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern, Atlas Comments: ‘Shilha’ is the Arabic name for Moroccan Berber varieties in general. Muslim.
Tamazight, Central Atlas
[tzm] Middle Atlas, east High Atlas Mountains, adjacent valleys to Taza, Rabat area. 1,200,000 in rural areas between Taza, Khemisset, Azilal, Errachidia; 100,000 outside the language area. 2,340,000 in Morocco (2004 census). Population total all countries: 2,490,000. 936,000 monolinguals. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Central Shilha, Middle Atlas Berber, Moroccan Amazigh, Shilha, Tachelhit Dialects: Much dialect variety. May be more than 1 language. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern, Atlas Comments: 65% live in rural areas, 10% live outside the traditional area. Muslim.
Tamazight, Standard Moroccan
[rif] North. Dialects from all areas of the Rif. 1,270,000 in Morocco (2004 census). Population total all countries: 1,470,000. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Northern Shilha, Rif Berber, Rifeño, Rifia, Rifiya, Shilha, Tamazight, Tamazight n Arrif, Tarifiyt, Tarifyt Berber Dialects: Ayt Aamart, Ayt Buyahyi, Ayt Ittef, Ayt Mezduy, Ayt Saaid, Ayt Settut, Ayt Tamsaman, Ayt Tfarsit, Ayt Tuzin, Ayt Urishesh, Ayt Waryaghar, Ibeqquyen, Icebdanen, Igzennayen, Iqeraayen, Iznasen (Beni Snassen). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern, Zenati, Riff Comments: Rifiya is the Arabic name, Ethnonyms: Rifi (sg.) or Ruafa (pl.), Rif, Riff, or Arrif are geographical names. Muslim.