Democratic Republic of Madagascar, Repoblika Demokratika Malagasy, République de Madagascar
French, Plateau Malagasy
62% (2009 UNESCO)
American Sign Language, Arabic (20,000), Chinese (16,000), Morisyen (4,000), Réunion Creole French
Bouwer 2010; Vérin, Kottak, and Gorlin 1969
The number of individual languages listed for Madagascar is 18. All are living languages. Of these, 3 are institutional, 2 are developing, 12 are vigorous, and 1 is in trouble.