[aln] Cair, Debar, Gazi Baba, Gostivar, Karpos, Kicevo, Kumanovo, Ohrid, Resen, Struga, and Tetovo municipalities. 508,000 in Macedonia (2011 census). Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in northern, western regions (1991, Constitution, Article 7(6)). Alternate Names: Geg, Shqip Classification: Indo-European, Albanian, Gheg Comments: Muslim (Sunni), Muslim (Bektashi).
[rup] Bitola, Resen, Prilep, Struga, and Ohrid municipalities; Skopje, Stip, Krusevo, Kocani-Vinica, Sveti Nikole, Kumanovo, and Gevgelija; southwest, north of Ohrid and Presba lakes. 6,890 in Macedonia (2011 census). Status: 4 (Educational). Alternate Names: Armina, Aromunian, Arumanian, Macedo Romanian, Macedo-Rumanian Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern Comments: Structurally distinct from Romanian [ron] (Agard 1984). Split from the other 3 Romanian languages between 500 and 1000 A.D. Ethnonym: Armini.
Balkan Gagauz Turkish
[bgx] Bitola and Kumanovo municipalities; Gagauz dialect in Kumanovo area, Yuruk dialect in Bitola area. 4,000 in Macedonia. Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Balkan Turkic Dialects: Macedonian Gagauz, Yuruk (Konyar, Yoruk). Classification: Turkic, Southern, Turkish Comments: Different from Gagauz [gag] of Moldova, Bulgaria, and Romania. Christian, Muslim.
[mkd] Bitola, Debar-Galchnik, Gevgelija, Kichevo, Kratovo, Kumanovo, Prilep, Strumica and Veles municipalities; Lake Dojran area. 1,340,000 in Macedonia (2011 census). Population total all countries: 1,408,340. Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1991, Constitution, Article 7(1)). Alternate Names: Macedonian Slavic, Makedonski, Slavic Dialects: Northern Macedonian, Southeastern Macedonian, Western Macedonian. Standard dialect recognized in 1944. Classification: Indo-European, Balto-Slavic, Slavic, South, Eastern Comments: Called Slavic in Greece, considered a dialect of Bulgarian [bul] by some in Bulgaria.
[tur] Berovo, Bitola, Debar, Radovis, Struga, Strumica, and Valandovo, municipalities. 71,800 in Macedonia (2011 census). Status: 5 (Dispersed). Alternate Names: Osmanli Dialects: Dinler, Macedonian. Classification: Turkic, Southern, Turkish Comments: Muslim (Sunni), Muslim (Bektashi).