[fra] 9,000 in Martinique (2004). L2 users: 312,000 in Martinique (Francophonie 2007). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1958, French Constitution, Article 2). Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French Comments: When Creole languages exist alongside their lexifier language, as in Martinique, a continuum forms of variations between the Creole and the lexifier language. It is therefore difficult to substantiate the number of Creole speakers and English speakers.
French Sign Language
Martiniquan Creole French
[gcf] 418,000 in Martinique (2001). Status: 6a (Vigorous). De facto language of national identity. Alternate Names: Patois, Patwa Classification: Creole, French based Comments: There is a continuum of variation from basilectal Creole to acrolectal French of the educated.