Niger

Print
Arabic, Algerian Saharan Spoken
[aao] Northwest, Agadez area. 10,000 in Niger (1998). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic Comments: Originally from Algeria. Muslim.

More Information

Arabic, Hassaniyya
[mey] 10,000 in Niger (1998). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Hasanya, Hassani, Maure, Mauri, Moor, Sulaka Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic Comments: Muslim.

More Information

Arabic, Libyan Spoken
[ayl] East, north of N’guigmi near Ngourti. 5,000 in Niger (1998). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Libyan Vernacular Arabic, Sulaimitian Arabic Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic Comments: Muslim.

More Information

Arabic, Shuwa
[shu] East. 5,000 in Niger (1998). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Arabe Choa, Chadic Arabic, Shua, Shuwa Arabic Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic Comments: Muslim.

More Information

Dazaga
[dzg] North of Goure; east near the Chadian border. 50,000 in Niger (2007 SIL). Ethnic population: About 30%. Status: 5 (Developing). Language of recognized nationality (1999, Constitution, Article 3). Alternate Names: Daza, Toubou, Tubu Dialects: Azzaga, Kashirda. Classification: Nilo-Saharan, Saharan, Western, Tebu Comments: In Niger, the ethnonym Daza refers to several clans who speak Dazaga as their mother tongue. The outsider term, Tubu, groups Dazaga and Tedaga [tuq]. Most Dazaga (Dazagada) are in Chad, where they are known as Gorane. Different from Daza [dzd] in Nigeria, which is Chadic. Muslim.

More Information

French
[fra] 6,000 in Niger (Johnstone 1993). Status: 1 (National). Statutory national language (1999, Constitution, Article 3). Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French

More Information

Fulfulde, Central-Eastern Niger
[fuq] Central and east, Dogondoutchi area east to Chad border. 450,000 (1998). Status: 5 (Developing). Recognized language (1999, Constitution, Article 3). Alternate Names: Fula, Fulani, Fulbe, Peul, Peulh Dialects: Wodaabe. Culturally distinct from other Fulfulde varieties. Many loanwords from Hausa. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Northern, Senegambian, Fula-Wolof, Fula, East Central Comments: Ethnic autonym: ‘Pullo’ (sg.) or ‘Fulbe’ (pl.); Other ethnonyms: ‘Fulani’ (English); ‘Peul’ (French). The Fulbe (15,000,000) from Senegal to Sudan consider themselves 1 ethnic group speaking 1 language, but acknowledge differences in speech. Muslim, traditional religion.

More Information

Fulfulde, Western Niger
[fuh] West, Burkina Faso border east to Dogondoutchi area. Also in Benin (Gorgal Fulfulde), Burkina Faso (Northeastern Burkina Faso Fulfulde). 450,000 in Niger (2007). Population total all countries: 1,230,000. Ethnic population: 1,000,000 (all Fulani). Status: 4 (Educational). Recognized language (1999, Constitution, Article 3). Alternate Names: Fula, Fulani, Fulbe, Gorgal Fulfulde, Northeastern Burkina Faso Fulfulde, Peul, Peulh Dialects: Bitinkoore, Dallol, Tera. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Northern, Senegambian, Fula-Wolof, Fula, East Central Comments: The Fulbe from Senegal to Sudan consider themselves 1 ethnic group speaking 1 language, but acknowledge differences in speech. Muslim.

More Information

Gourmanchéma
[gux] Southwest, near Burkina Faso border. 30,000 in Niger (1998). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Goulimancema, Gourma, Gourmantche, Gurma Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Gur, Central, Northern, Oti-Volta, Gurma Comments: Traditional religion, Muslim, Christian.

More Information

Hausa
[hau] Central, along Nigeria border; widespread in cities. 5,460,000 in Niger (2006). Status: 3 (Wider communication). Alternate Names: Haoussa, Hausawa, Haussa Dialects: Aderawa, Arewa, Damagaram, Dawra, Gaya, Gobirawa, Katsina, Kurfey. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, West, A, A.1 Comments: Muslim.

More Information

Kanuri, Bilma
[bms] Northeast, Kawar Region. 20,000 (2003). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Bla Bla, Kanouri, Kanoury Dialects: Bilma, Fachi. Kanuri subgroup member. Classification: Nilo-Saharan, Saharan, Western, Kanuri Comments: Muslim.

More Information

Kanuri, Central
[knc] East, along Nigeria border. 80,000 in Niger (1998). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: “Beriberi” (pej.), Bornouans, Bornu, Kanouri, Kanoury, Kole, Sirata, Yerwa Kanuri Dialects: Movar (Mavar, Mobber, Mober, Mowor). Classification: Nilo-Saharan, Saharan, Western, Kanuri Comments: Movar may be a separate language. Muslim.

More Information

Kanuri, Manga
[kby] East, along Nigeria border. Also in Nigeria. 280,000 in Niger (1998). Population total all countries: 480,000. Status: 5 (Developing). Recognized language (1999, Constitution, Article 3). Alternate Names: Kanouri, Kanoury, Manga Dialects: Dagara, Manga. Dialect subgroup member with other Kanuri varieties and Kanembu [kbl] in Chad. Classification: Nilo-Saharan, Saharan, Western, Kanuri Comments: Dagara dialect may be a separate language. Muslim.

More Information

Kanuri, Tumari
[krt] Tumari in N’guigmi; dialects in neighboring villages. 40,000 (1998). 50% monolingual. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Kanambu, Kanembu Dialects: Kubari (Kuwuri), Sugurti (Suwurti), Tumari. Different from Kanembu [kbl] in Chad, although referred to as Kanembu in Niger. Gradual differentiation between Kanembu in Chad and Kanuri dialects. Most similar to Movar dialect of Central Kanuri [knc]. Classification: Nilo-Saharan, Saharan, Western, Kanuri Comments: Muslim, traditional religion.

More Information

Tagdal
[tda] Between Tahoua central, Agadez north central, and Ingall northeast. 26,900 (2000). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Dialects: Air (Northern Tagdal), Azawagh (Southern Tagdal). Tagdal lexicon is about 75%–80% Berber. Everyday vocabulary is about 50% Berber and 50% Songhay. Classification: Mixed language, Songhay-Berber Comments: Nomadic. Called Igalan (pl.), Agdal (sg.). Muslim.

More Information

Tamahaq, Tahaggart
[thv] 20,000 in Niger (1998). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Tamachek, Tamashekin, Tamasheq, Tomachek, Touareg, Tourage, Tuareg Dialects: Ghat (Djanet, Ganet), Hoggar (Ahaggaren, Ajjer, Tahaggart). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Tamasheq, Northern Comments: Ethnonym: Tuareg (pl.), Targi (sg.). Muslim.

More Information

Tamajaq, Tawallammat
[ttq] Eastern dialect: central Tahoua area from Ingal to Mali border; western dialect: west, north and northwest of Niamey. Also in Mali (Tamajaq), Nigeria. 450,000 in Niger (1998). Population total all countries: 640,000. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Recognized language (1999, Constitution, Article 3). Alternate Names: Amazigh, Tahoua, Tahoua Tamajeq, Tamachek, Tamashekin, Tamasheq, Tewellemet, Tomacheck, Touareg, Tourage, Tuareg Dialects: Tawallammat Tan Ataram, Tawallammat Tan Dannag (Ioullemmeden). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Tamasheq, Southern Comments: Muslim.

More Information

Tamajeq, Tayart
[thz] Central, Agadez area. 250,000 (1998). Status: 4 (Educational). Alternate Names: Amazigh, Tamachek, Tomacheck, Touareg, Tuareg Dialects: Air (Agadez, Tamestayert, Tayart, Tayert), Tanassfarwat (Tamagarast). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Tamasheq, Southern Comments: Nomadic. Muslim.

More Information

Tasawaq
[twq] Central, Ingal and Teguidda-n-Tessoumt, near Agadez. 8,000 (1998 SIL). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Ingelshi Dialects: Similar to Tagdal [tda], Tadaksahak [dsq] of Mali, and Korandje [key] of Algeria. Classification: Nilo-Saharan, Songhai, Northern Comments: Shares Songhay and Tamajaq features. Muslim.

More Information

Tedaga
[tuq] Seguedine, Bilma, and Termit-Kaoboul. 10,000 in Niger (1998 SIL). Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Tebu, Teda, Tibbu, Toubou, Tubu Classification: Nilo-Saharan, Saharan, Western, Tebu Comments: Ethnic autonym: Teda. Ethnonym: Tubu, groups Dazaga and Tedaga. Seminomadic. Similar to Dazaga. Azzaga [dzg], the speech of the Azza, a caste division, is different from Tedaga, but its relation to Tedaga and Azza speech among the Daza not known. Muslim.

More Information

Zarma
[dje] Southwest. Also in Burkina Faso, Mali (Zarmaci), Nigeria. 2,350,000 in Niger (2006). Population total all countries: 2,438,900. Status: 4 (Educational). Recognized language (1999, Constitution, Article 3). Alternate Names: Adzerma, Djerma, Dyabarma, Dyarma, Dyerma, Zabarma, Zarbarma, Zarmaci Dialects: Kaado. In Niger, dialects from Dendi [ddn] and Songai blend into Zarma. Intelligibility is high, ethnic autonym: Dendi or Songai. Cannot understand Songhay, Koyraboro Senni [ses] in Mali. Classification: Nilo-Saharan, Songhai, Southern Comments: Ethnic groups include Kurtey (32,000), Wogo (28,000), Songhay (400,000), Dendi (40,000). Muslim, traditional religion, Christian.

More Information