Netherlands

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Achterhoeks
[act] Northeast, Gelderland Province. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Aachterhoeks, Achterhoek Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, Low Saxon-Low Franconian, Low Saxon Comments: Identified by the government as variant of Low Saxon [nds] (1996).

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Drents
[drt] Northeast, Drenthe Province, near German border. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Drente Dialects: North Drente (Noord-Drents), South Drente (Zuid-Drents). Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, Low Saxon-Low Franconian, Low Saxon Comments: Identified by the government as variant of Low Saxon [nds] (1996).

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Dutch
[nld] 15,700,000 in Netherlands (ELDIA 2012). Population total all countries: 21,944,690. Status: 1 (National). De facto national language. Alternate Names: Hollands, Nederlands Dialects: Northern North Hollandish (Westfries). Belgian variety of Dutch (not Vlaams [vls]) only slightly different from that of the Netherlands. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, Low Saxon-Low Franconian, Low Franconian

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Frisian
[fry] North, Friesland. 467,000 in Netherlands (2001 census). Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Friesland Province (1996, Ratification Act, ECRML, No. 136). Alternate Names: Fries, Frysk Dialects: Klaaifrysk, Súdhoeksk, Wâldfrysk, Westerlauwers Fries. Linguistically between Dutch [nld] and English [eng]. Lexical similarity: 71% with Standard German [deu], 61% with English [eng], 74% with East Frisian Low Saxon [frs]. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, Frisian

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Gronings
[gos] Groningen Province. 592,000 (2003). Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Groningen, Grunnings Dialects: Groningen-East Frisian (Gronings-Oostfries), Veenkoloniaals (Veen Colony), West Groningen (West Gronings), Westerwolds (Westerwold). Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, Low Saxon-Low Franconian, Low Saxon Comments: Identified by the government as variant of Low Saxon [nds] (1996).

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Limburgish
[lim] Limburg Province, Maastricht, Heerlen, Roermond, Venlo. 700,000 in Netherlands (2001). Population total all countries: 1,300,000. Status: 2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Limburg Province (1996, Ratification Act, ECRML, No. 136), effective 1997. Alternate Names: Limberger, Limburgan, Limburgian, Limburgic, Limburgs Plat Dialects: A Rhenisch-Maas group of dialects, often combined with Cleves dialects (Kleverländisch) as Rheinmaasländisch. Limburgish straddles the border between, Low Franconian and Middle Franconian varieties. More-or-less mutually intelligible with Ripuarian dialects, but show fewer, High German shifts (2001 R. Hahn). Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, High German, German, Middle German, West Middle German, Rhenisch Franconian Comments: Christian.

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Romani, Sinte
[rmo] 1,220 in Netherlands (2000). Status: 5 (Developing). Dialects: Manouche. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Romani, Northern Comments: Christian.

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Romani, Vlax
[rmy] 1,000 in Netherlands. 500 Kalderash, 500 Lovari. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Dialects: Kalderash, Lovari. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Romani, Vlax Comments: Christian.

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Sallands
[sdz] Northeast, Overijssels Province center, Sallands. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Sallan, Salland Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, Low Saxon-Low Franconian, Low Saxon Comments: Identified by the government as variant of Low Saxon [nds] (1996).

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Sign Language of the Netherlands
[dse] 5,000 in Netherlands. About 20,000 profoundly deaf, 1,500,000 hearing-impaired. L2 users: 15,000 in Netherlands. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Nederlandse Gebarentaal, NGT, SLN Classification: Deaf sign language Comments: Currently 7 varieties; 6 regional variants (5 associated with the original 5 deaf schools, 1 with the unique home for deaf elderly people), and 1 standardized variety. Regional and national organizations for the deaf. Sign language courses (e.g. parents of deaf children, teachers at deaf schools, etc.). An organization for NGT teachers and 1 for NGT interpreters; official training (college level) for both. A sign center (Nederlands Gebarencentrum) develops NGT teaching materials and studies NGT lexicography. Research on NGT done at University of Amsterdam and Radboud University. Although NGT recommended for official recognition by a special committee, the Dutch government has not recognized the language. Interpreting in work situations as well as in private situations.

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Stellingwerfs
[stl] Northeast, Stellingwerven region, Friesland Province. Centers are Oosterwolde and Wolvega. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Stellingwarfs, Stellingwerf Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, Low Saxon-Low Franconian, Low Saxon Comments: Identified by the government as variant of Low Saxon [nds] (1996).

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Twents
[twd] Northeast, Overijssels Province; east. Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Twente Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, Low Saxon-Low Franconian, Low Saxon Comments: Identified by the government as variant of Low Saxon [nds] (1996).

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Veluws
[vel] Northeast, Gelderland Province. Status: 6a (Vigorous). Alternate Names: Veluwe Dialects: East Veluws, North Veluws. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, Low Saxon-Low Franconian, Low Saxon Comments: Identified by the government as variant of Low Saxon [nds] (1996).

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Vlaams
[vls] Province of Zeeland, southernmost island. 122,000 in Netherlands (1998 University of Ghent). Status: 6b (Threatened). Alternate Names: Vlaemsch, West Vlaams Dialects: Frans Vlaams (Vlaemsch), West Vlaams. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, Low Saxon-Low Franconian, Low Franconian Comments: Sometimes refer to Dutch as Vlaams. Dutch is language of trade, tourism, school. Difficult to understand nearby Brabant dialect of Dutch, perhaps due to Scheldt River being natural barrier. Christian.

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Zeeuws
[zea] Zeeland Province, South Holland Province. Rhine-Scheldt Delta islands have their own dialects. 220000 Status: 5 (Developing). Alternate Names: Zeaws Dialects: Axels, Bevelands, Duvelands, Flakkees, Fluplands, Goerees, Kezands, Schouws, Walchers. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, Low Saxon-Low Franconian, Low Franconian Comments: Recognition under European Charter Part 2 requested (2001). Christian.

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